This gif shows that focusing on the national figures can obscure huge state variations. States vary in their use of probation.

Data Source: Full source description available at https://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/50statepie.html#methodology. (Graph: Peter Wagner, 2016)

This graph originally appeared in Correctional Control: Incarceration and supervision by state.

Thinking of the U.S. criminal justice system as one system can be a mistake. There are 50 state systems, plus one in each of the approximately 3,000 counties and often separate systems in the approximately 30,000 municipalities. These differences matter a great deal.



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  • Feb 21, 2019:
    Volunteer Attorney Stephen Raher will be presenting his paper “The Company Store and the Literally Captive Market: Consumer Law in Prisons and Jails” at the Consumer Law Conference at Berkeley Law School. The paper will be presented and discussed at 4:00pm.

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