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The Gender Divide:

Tracking women's state prison growth

a Prison Policy Initiative Report
by Wendy Sawyer
January 9, 2018

 

Table 2:
Changes in state prison populations since 2009, by sex

State Gender 2009 state prison population 2015 state prison population Change in prison population count 2009-2015 Percent change in prison population 2009-2015
Alabama Women 2,319 2,433 114 5%
Alabama Men 28,404 27,329 -1,075 -4%
Alaska Women 192 175 -17 -9%
Alaska Men 2,316 2,086 -230 -10%
Arizona Women 3,441 3,638 197 6%
Arizona Men 35,088 37,314 2,226 6%
Arkansas Women 1,058 1,388 330 31%
Arkansas Men 14,086 16,268 2,182 15%
California Women 10,735 5,731 -5,004 -47%
California Men 159,396 123,474 -35,922 -23%
Colorado Women 2,101 1,842 -259 -12%
Colorado Men 20,694 18,199 -2,495 -12%
Connecticut Women 712 577 -135 -19%
Connecticut Men 12,754 10,643 -2,111 -17%
Delaware Women 190 225 35 18%
Delaware Men 3,781 3,963 182 5%
Florida Women 7,283 6,943 -340 -5%
Florida Men 96,632 94,481 -2,151 -2%
Georgia Women 3,727 3,573 -154 -4%
Georgia Men 51,789 48,127 -3,662 -7%
Hawaii Women 441 355 -86 -20%
Hawaii Men 3,678 3,414 -264 -7%
Idaho Women 744 928 184 25%
Idaho Men 6,656 6,327 -329 -5%
Illinois Women 2,590 2,675 85 3%
Illinois Men 42,571 43,565 994 2%
Indiana Women 2,506 2,540 34 1%
Indiana Men 26,282 24,794 -1,488 -6%
Iowa Women 723 800 77 11%
Iowa Men 8,090 8,016 -74 -1%
Kansas Women 565 777 212 38%
Kansas Men 8,076 8,801 725 9%
Kentucky Women 2,126 2,587 461 22%
Kentucky Men 18,546 19,110 564 3%
Louisiana Women 2,616 2,046 -570 -22%
Louisiana Men 37,164 34,301 -2,863 -8%
Maine Women 135 132 -3 -2%
Maine Men 1,845 1,622 -223 -12%
Maryland Women 1,001 868 -133 -13%
Maryland Men 20,867 19,540 -1,327 -6%
Massachusetts Women 425 405 -20 -5%
Massachusetts Men 9,645 8,549 -1,096 -11%
Michigan Women 1,755 2,273 518 30%
Michigan Men 43,723 40,355 -3,368 -8%
Minnesota Women 674 771 97 14%
Minnesota Men 9,312 10,027 715 8%
Mississippi Women 1,614 1,204 -410 -25%
Mississippi Men 19,154 17,032 -2,122 -11%
Missouri Women 2,425 3,267 842 35%
Missouri Men 28,129 29,061 932 3%
Montana Women 391 390 -1 0%
Montana Men 3,214 3,295 81 3%
Nebraska Women 360 419 59 16%
Nebraska Men 4,032 4,893 861 21%
Nevada Women 949 1,166 217 23%
Nevada Men 11,533 11,778 245 2%
New Hampshire Women 167 236 69 41%
New Hampshire Men 2,564 2,661 97 4%
New Jersey Women 1,206 908 -298 -25%
New Jersey Men 24,176 19,581 -4,595 -19%
New Mexico Women 581 693 112 19%
New Mexico Men 5,739 6,301 562 10%
New York Women 2,464 2,335 -129 -5%
New York Men 55,991 49,271 -6,720 -12%
North Carolina Women 2,097 2,497 400 19%
North Carolina Men 32,766 33,026 260 1%
North Dakota Women 174 206 32 18%
North Dakota Men 1,312 1,577 265 20%
Ohio Women 3,989 4,430 441 11%
Ohio Men 47,617 47,803 186 0%
Oklahoma Women 2,526 2,995 469 19%
Oklahoma Men 21,870 25,119 3,249 15%
Oregon Women 1,121 1,307 186 17%
Oregon Men 13,244 13,923 679 5%
Pennsylvania Women 2,807 2,754 -53 -2%
Pennsylvania Men 48,509 46,824 -1,685 -3%
Rhode Island Women 91 62 -29 -32%
Rhode Island Men 2,129 2,094 -35 -2%
South Carolina Women 1,410 1,263 -147 -10%
South Carolina Men 22,076 19,129 -2,947 -13%
South Dakota Women 380 414 34 9%
South Dakota Men 3,050 3,144 94 3%
Tennessee Women 2,009 2,640 631 31%
Tennessee Men 24,956 25,532 576 2%
Texas Women 11,620 12,743 1,123 10%
Texas Men 150,566 144,508 -6,058 -4%
Utah Women 581 515 -66 -11%
Utah Men 5,943 5,973 30 1%
Vermont Women 98 83 -15 -15%
Vermont Men 1,626 1,207 -419 -26%
Virginia Women 2,903 3,236 333 11%
Virginia Men 35,156 35,167 11 0%
Washington Women 1,387 1,449 62 4%
Washington Men 16,812 16,756 -56 0%
West Virginia Women 674 865 191 28%
West Virginia Men 5,639 6,253 614 11%
Wisconsin Women 1,258 1,334 76 6%
Wisconsin Men 21,074 20,429 -645 -3%
Wyoming Women 214 267 53 25%
Wyoming Men 1,861 2,157 296 16%
State prisons nationwide Women 93,555 93,360 -195 0%
State prisons nationwide Men 1,272,133 1,204,799 -67,334 -5%

Sources and methodology

2009 state prison population
Yearend jurisdictional population with sentences greater than 1 year. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT) - Prisoners (Custom Tables)
2015 state prison population
Yearend jurisdictional population with sentences greater than 1 year. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT) - Prisoners (Custom Tables)
Change in prison population count 2009-2015
The difference between 2015 and 2009 yearend populations, calculated by subtracting the 2009 estimate from the 2015 estimate. A positive value indicates that the population grew; a negative value indicates that the population declined.
Percent change in prison population 2009-2015
Percent difference between 2015 and 2009 yearend populations, calculated by dividing the absolute difference by the 2009 estimate baseline, and multiplying by 100. A positive value indicates the population grew; a negative value indicates the population declined.


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Events

  • May 15, 2018:
    Our Policy Analyst Lucius Couloute will be at the LEDA Summit on Race and Inclusion in Holland, Michigan, presenting his research on the challenges and disadvantages people face when they are released from prison. Tickets are available on LEDA’s website.

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