I need your help. I co-founded the Prison Policy Initiative to put the problem of mass incarceration — and the perverse incentives that fuel it — on the national agenda. Over the last 17 years, our campaigns have protected our democracy from the prison system and protected the poorest families in this country from the predatory prison telephone industry. Our reports untangle the statistics and recruit new allies.

But now, more than ever, we need your help to put data & compassion into the conversation.

Thank you.
—Peter Wagner, Executive DirectorDonate
A chart showing the percentage of people incarcerated in Texas with taking high blood pressure medication, psychiatric medication, asthma, and diabetes.

Data Source: Compiled by the Prison Policy Initiative based on data from The Marshall Project, Human Rights Watch, and Harzke et al. (2010) Prevalence of chronic medical conditions among inmates in the Texas prison system. (Graph: Alexi Jones, 2019)

This graph originally appeared in Cruel and unusual punishment: When states don't provide air conditioning in prison.

In Texas, a state that has air conditioning in inmate housing areas in only 30 of its 109 prisons, a high percentage of incarcerated people are particularly vulnerable to heat because of other health conditions or medications.

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