With over 2,700 deaths behind bars and slow vaccine acceptance, prisons and jails must continue to decarcerate
Just because vaccines are increasingly available does not mean that the COVID-19 crisis in prisons and jails is over - far from it. Yet new data show more prisons and jails are returning to “business as usual.”
by Emily Widra, June 23, 2021
At the start of the pandemic, public health and medical officials were already warning that incarcerated people would be uniquely vulnerable to the spread of the disease and its most serious medical consequences, due to their close quarters and high rates of preexisting health conditions. But after a year and a half of outbreak after outbreak in prisons and jails, correctional authorities have largely failed to reduce their populations enough to protect the health and lives of those who are incarcerated. The consequences of this failure are serious: According to the UCLA Law COVID-19 Behind Bars Project, more than 412,000 people incarcerated in prisons have had confirmed cases of COVID-19 and over 2,700 people have died from COVID-19 behind bars. And that’s to say nothing of the outbreaks in surrounding communities that have been linked to the crowded, unsanitary conditions of prisons and jails.
Despite the growing availability of vaccines, 17 state prison systems and the Bureau of Prisons had vaccinated less than half of their incarcerated populations by mid-May 2021, and 20 states and the Bureau of Prisons are reporting that less than half of their prison staff had received their first dose of a vaccine by the end of April. With slow uptake of vaccines, the advice from early in the pandemic continues to be the most important: prisons and jails need to keep working to reduce the number of people locked up, by both reducing admissions and ramping up early releases.
Even in states where prison populations have dropped, there are still too many people behind bars to accommodate social distancing, effective isolation and quarantine, and increased health care requirements. For example, although California has reduced the state prison population by about 19% in the past 18 months, it has not been enough to prevent large COVID-19 outbreaks in the state’s prisons. In fact, as of June 16th, 2021, California’s prisons were still holding more people than they were designed for, at 107% of their design capacity (and up from 103% in January 2021).
Many states’ prison populations are the lowest they’ve been in decades, but this is not because more people are being released from prisons. The limited data available from six states shows that the number of prison releases did not change significantly between 2019 and 2020, suggesting that most of the population drops that we’ve seen over the past year are due to reduced prison admissions. In addition, we can see that the number of monthly prison releases in five of these states has been decreasing over the past three years. Only one state for which we found data–Alabama–has seen an increasing trend in the number of monthly releases since 2018. Reducing the number of people admitted to correctional facilities is critical to reducing the number of people behind bars, but to quickly decarcerate, states should be releasing far more people, too.
Despite evidence that large-scale releases do not inherently endanger public safety, states have elected to release people from prison on a mostly case-by-case basis, which an October 2020 report from the National Academies described as “procedurally slow and not well suited to crisis situations.”
Thankfully, some states have recognized the inefficiency of case-by-case releases and the necessity of larger-scale releases. For example, in New Jersey, Governor Phil Murphy signed bill S2519 in October 2020, which allowed for the early release of people with less than a year left on their sentences.1 A few weeks after the bill was signed, more than 2,000 people were released from New Jersey state prisons on November 4th.2 In February 2021, North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper announced plans to release 3,500 people in state custody (with 1,500 of those releases to take place within 90 days). The releases were the result of a NAACP lawsuit challenging prison conditions in North Carolina during COVID-19. The state said it would release people using discretionary sentence credits (similar to “good time credits”), home confinement, and post-release supervision. But these are the only two instances we are aware of where large-scale release efforts are actually taking place in state prison systems.
Jail populations, like prison populations, are lower now than they were pre-pandemic. Initially, many local officials — including sheriffs, prosecutors, and judges — responded quickly to COVID-19 and reduced their jail populations. In a national sample of 388 county jails of varying sizes, most (88%) decreased their populations from March to July of 2020, resulting in an average population reduction of 23% across all 388 jails.3 These population reductions came as the result of various policy changes, including police issuing citations in lieu of arrests, prosecutors declining to charge people for “low-level offenses,” courts reducing cash bail amounts, and jail administrators releasing people detained pretrial or those serving short sentences for “nonviolent” offenses.
But the data tell a different story about the latter part of the pandemic. Between July 2020 and January 2021, the populations of 66% of the jails in our sample increased, reversing course from the earlier months of the pandemic. Since this past January, populations increased again in 61% of the jails in our sample, with an average increase of 10%. Overall, the average population change across these 388 jails since March 2020 has diminished to only a 7% decrease, suggesting that the early reforms instituted to mitigate COVID-19 have largely been abandoned. For example, by mid-April 2020, the Philadelphia city jail population reportedly dropped by more than 17% after city police suspended low-level arrests and judges released “certain nonviolent detainees” jailed for “low-level charges.” But just two weeks later — as the pandemic raged on — the Philadelphia police force announced that they would resume arrests for property crimes, effectively reversing the earlier reduction efforts. Similarly, on July 10th, 2020, the sheriff of Jefferson County (Birmingham), Alabama, announced that the jail would limit admissions to only “violent felons that cannot make bond.”4 That effort was quickly abandoned when the jail resumed normal admission operations just one week later. The increasing jail populations across the country suggest that after the first wave of responses to COVID-19, many local officials have allowed jail admissions to return to business as usual.
Even before COVID-19, prisons and jails were a threat to public health and considered notoriously dangerous places during any sort of viral outbreak. And yet, correctional facilities continue to be a major source of a large number of infections in the U.S. The COVID-19 death rate in prisons is three times higher than among the general U.S. population, even when adjusted for age and sex (as the prison population is disproportionately young and male). Since the early days of the pandemic, public health professionals, corrections officials, and criminal justice reform advocates have agreed that decarceration is necessary to protect incarcerated people and the community at large from COVID-19. Decarceration efforts must include releasing more people from prisons and jails. Despite this knowledge, state, federal, and local authorities have failed to release people from prisons and jails on a scale sufficient to protect incarcerated people’s lives – and by extension, the lives of everyone in the communities where incarcerated people eventually return, and where correctional staff live and work.
New Jersey is not included in the above graph of state prison population changes because the New Jersey Department of Correction has not published monthly population data for 2020. However, in an October 2020 press release (prior to the November implementation of bill S2519), Governor Phil Murphy claimed the population in state correctional facilities had “decreased by nearly 3,000 people (16%)” since March. ↩
Unfortunately, this major victory for public health was immediately undercut by the federal Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE) agency which quickly arrested 88 people who were released under bill S2519. A spokesperson from ICE claimed that these 88 individuals were “violent offenders or have convictions for serious crimes such as homicide, aggravated assault, drug trafficking and child sexual exploitation.” However, these claims are brought into question when considering that the releases that took place under bill S2519 specifically excluded “people serving time for murder or sexual assault” and those serving time for sexual offenses. Although we did not include ICE facilities in our analysis, there is evidence that ICE detention facilities have a COVID-19 case rate that is up to 13 times higher than that of the general U.S. population. ↩
Our analysis is based on a subset of the excellent dataset created by the NYU Public Safety Lab Jail Data Initiative which is collecting jail populations for a diverse group of over 1,000 facilities across the country. For each of our analyses of jail and prison populations during the pandemic (including our earlier analyses in May, August, September, and December 2020 and February 2021), we included all jails from this database that had population data available for at least 75% of the days in the period being studied and had data going back to the start of the pandemic on March 10th, 2020. For this June 2021 analysis, we included all 388 jails that had at least 346 days worth of data, representing at least 75% of the days between March 10th, 2020 and June 17th, 2021. Readers may notice that this sample is slightly smaller than in our previous publications, which is due to varying data availability from some jurisdictions. ↩
The news story from Jefferson County does not make clear whether officials are using “violent” to refer to the crime a person is charged with, crimes of which they have already convicted, a label imposed on them by a risk assessment tool, or something else. ↩
Appendix A: State and federal prison populations during COVID‑19
Prison populations for the federal Bureau of Prisons and 30 states where monthly data was readily available for the period from January 2020 to June 2021. When available, we used point-in-time population counts from the last day of the month. If that data point was not available, we then used either the monthly average daily population (ADP) or the point-in-time population count for latest date available in each month.
|Jurisdiction||January 2020||February 2020||March 2020||April 2020||May 2020||June 2020||July 2020||August 2020||September 2020||October 2020||November 2020||December 2020||January 2021||February 2021||March 2021||April 2021||May 2021||June 2021||Population Data Source|
|Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date||Prison population||Date|
|Alabama||27,325||1/22/20||27,544||2/26/20||27,520||3/28/20||27,321||4/19/20||26,898||5/27/20||26,427||6/26/20||26,235||7/10/20||25,869||8/14/20||25,512||9/29/20||25,343||10/31/20||25,273||11/24/20||24,902||12/31/20||24,731||1/22/21||24,552||2/26/21||24,460||3/21/21||24,675||4/25/21||24,652||6/14/21||Alabama Department of Corrections’ Inmate Search|
|Arizona||42,422||1/31/20||42,282||2/29/20||41,984||3/31/20||41,449||4/20/20||41,005||5/31/20||40,151||6/30/20||39,339||7/31/20||39,125||8/21/20||38,865||9/27/20||38,495||10/31/20||38,141||11/30/20||37,731||12/31/20||37,473||1/21/21||37,037||2/27/21||36,768||3/29/21||36,540||4/30/21||36,407||5/23/21||36,130||6/14/21||Arizona Department of Corrections, Rehabilitation, & Reentry Institutional Capacity & Committed Population Report; COVID-19 Dashboard|
|California||117,314||1/22/20||117,344||2/29/20||116,886||3/31/20||112,573||4/30/20||111,072||5/31/20||108,393||6/30/20||101,523||7/31/20||97,266||8/31/20||94,628||9/30/20||94,270||10/31/21||94,146||11/30/20||92,116||12/31/20||91,353||1/20/21||91,310||2/24/21||91,903||3/31/21||92,646||4/28/21||94,052||5/26/21||94,554||6/9/21||California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation’s Weekly Total Population Reports|
|Colorado||19,668||1/31/20||19,568||2/29/20||19,357||3/31/20||18,419||4/30/20||17,808||5/31/20||17,441||6/30/20||17,157||7/31/20||16,908||8/31/20||16,673||9/30/20||16,527||10/31/20||16,365||11/31/20||16,090||12/31/20||15,993||1/31/21||15,828||2/28/21||15,670||3/31/21||15,490||4/30/21||15,481||5/31/21||Colorado Department of Corrections’ End-of-Month Inmate Population|
|Connecticut||12,405||1/31/20||12,409||2/29/20||11,885||3/31/20||11,024||4/30/20||10,441||5/31/20||9,963||6/30/20||9,669||7/31/20||9,534||8/31/20||9,391||9/30/20||9,348||10/31/20||9,233||11/30/20||9,111||12/31/20||9,053||1/31/21||9,043||2/28/21||8,961||3/31/21||8,957||4/30/21||8,957||5/31/21||8,984||6/14/21||Connecticut Department of Correction’s Total Population Counts Report|
|Federal||164,284||1/9/20||163,635||2/20/20||163,940||3/26/20||159,153||4/30/20||155,696||5/14/20||151,066||6/4/20||143,410||7/30/20||141,381||8/27/20||140,634||9/24/20||139,786||10/29/20||139,273||11/19/20||137,556||12/31/20||137,008||1/21/21||137,192||2/25/21||135,898||3/25/21||137,713||4/29/21||138,272||5/27/21||138,394||6/10/21||Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Population Statistics|
|Georgia||53,685||1/31/20||53,523||2/28/20||53,247||3/27/20||51,618||4/24/20||50,681||5/29/20||49,575||6/26/20||48,691||7/31/20||48,274||8/21/20||46,814||9/25/20||46,649||10/30/20||45,471||11/27/20||46,219||12/25/20||45,309||1/15/21||44,032||2/26/21||44,287||3/26/21||43,113||4/30/21||44,202||5/28/21||44,083||6/11/21||Gerogia Department of Corrections’ Friday Report|
|Hawaii||5,008||1/31/20||5,050||2/29/20||4,631||3/31/20||4,176||4/30/20||4,236||5/31/20||4,386||6/30/20||4,444||7/31/20||4,092||8/31/20||4,074||9/30/20||4,118||10/31/20||4,123||11/30/20||4,113||12/31/20||4,142||1/18/21||4,094||2/28/21||4,059||3/31/21||4,023||4/30/21||4,071||5/31/21||4,081||6/7/21||Hawaii Department of Public Safety, Corrections Division’s Population Reports|
|Indiana||26,952||1/1/20||26,875||2/1/20||26,891||3/1/20||26,936||4/1/20||26,418||5/1/20||25,876||6/1/20||25,385||7/1/20||25,023||8/1/20||24,513||9/1/20||24,203||10/1/20||24,203||11/1/20||23,978||12/1/20||23,726||1/1/21||23,745||2/1/21||23,745||3/1/21||23,769||4/1/21||23,554||5/1/21||23,510||6/1/21||Indiana Department of Correction’s Offender Population Report|
|Iowa||9,282||1/1/20||8,480||2/13/20||8,515||3/30/20||8,377||4/18/20||7,680||5/26/20||7,596||6/19/20||7,538||7/27/20||7,420||8/26/20||7,410||9/17/20||7,415||10/31/20||7,433||11/19/20||7,444||12/2/20||7,495||1/29/21||7,595||3/24/21||7,673||4/30/21||7,682||5/30/21||7,677||6/14/21||Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Iowa Department of Corrections’ Daily Statistics|
|Kansas||10,003||1/31/20||10,009||2/28/20||10,031||3/31/20||9,758||4/30/20||9,449||5/30/20||8,938||7/31/20||8,813||8/21/20||8,682||9/30/20||8,607||10/31/20||8,597||11/30/20||8,642||12/31/21||8,693||1/20/21||8,735||2/26/21||8,749||3/31/21||8,686||4/30/21||8,654||5/28/21||8,615||6/11/21||Kansas Department of Corrections’ Daily Adult Population Report|
|Kentucky||23,503||1/31/20||23,492||2/28/20||23,057||3/31/20||21,384||4/30/20||20,686||5/29/30||20,299||6/30/21||20,104||7/30/30||19,604||8/31/20||19,080||9/30/20||19,091||10/30/20||19,150||11/30/20||18,806||12/30/20||18,749||1/29/21||18,592||2/26/21||18,686||3/31/21||18,504||4/30/21||18,512||5/28/21||18,220||6/14/21||Kentucky Department of Corrections’ Daily Count Sheet|
|Maine||2,176||January 2020 ADP||2,170||February 2020 ADP||2,138||March 2020 ADP||2,024||April 2020 ADP||1,922||May 2020 ADP||1,834||June 2020 ADP||1,794||July 2020 ADP||1,785||August 2020 ADP||1,784||September 2020 ADP||1,775||October 2020 ADP||1,732||November 2020 ADP||1,717||December 2020 ADP||1,695||January 2021 ADP||1,668||February 2021 ADP||1,667||March 2021 ADP||1,632||April 2021 ADP||1,600||May 2021 ADP||Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Maine Department of Corrections’ Population Report|
|Massachusetts||8,336||1/27/20||8,324||2/24/20||8,201||3/30/20||7,778||4/27/20||7,560||5/25/20||7,332||6/29/20||7,312||7/27/20||7,260||8/31/20||7,168||9/28/20||7,107||10/26/20||7,003||11/30/20||6,886||12/28/20||6,766||1/25/21||6,711||2/22/21||6,664||3/29/21||6,669||4/26/21||6,602||5/3/21||6,588||6/1/21||Massachusetts’ Department of Correction’s Weekly Inmate Count 2020 and 2021|
|Minnesota||9,381||1/1/20||8,841||3/30/20||8,466||4/30/20||8,182||5/28/20||7,958||6/29/20||7,738||7/30/20||7,576||8/31/20||7,536||9/28/20||7,543||10/29/20||7,402||11/30/20||7,328||12/31/20||7,208||1/28/21||7,214||2/25/21||7,220||3/29/21||Minnesota Department of Corrections’ Adult Prison Population Summary; Minnesota Department of Corrections’ COVID-19 Updates|
|Mississippi||19,033||1/31/20||18,898||2/29/20||18,669||3/31/20||17,260||4/30/20||17,609||5/31/20||17,463||6/30/20||17,395||7/31/20||17,310||8/31/20||17,288||9/30/20||17,225||10/31/20||17,093||11/30/20||17,140||12/31/20||17,050||1/31/21||17,099||3/1/21||17,211||3/31/21||17,272||4/30/21||17,269||5/31/21||17,302||6/9/21||Mississippi Department of Correction’s Daily Inmate Population|
|Montana||2,759||1/1/20||2,777||3/1/20||2,494||5/30/20||2,545||6/30/20||2,522||7/31/20||2,536||8/31/20||2,523||9/30/20||2,475||10/30/20||2,434||11/30/20||2,421||12/31/20||2,457||1/31/21||2,499||2/28/21||2,477||3/31/21||2,479||4/30/21||2,494||5/31/21||2,510||6/13/21||Montana Department of Corrections’ Daily Population Report|
|Nevada||12,379||1/26/20||12,403||2/1/29||12,384||3/8/20||11,937||5/31/20||11,847||6/28/20||11,696||7/26/20||11,553||8/23/20||11,354||9/27/20||11,273||10/25/20||11,222||11/29/20||11,134||12/27/21||11,007||1/31/21||10,943||2/22/21||10,841||3/29/21||10,777||4/26/21||10,676||5/24/21||10,589||6/7/21||Nevada Department of Correction’s Weekly Fact Sheets|
|New Hampshire||2,464||1/1/20||2,472||2/1/20||2,472||3/1/20||2,433||4/1/20||2,359||5/1/20||2,283||6/1/20||2,256||7/1/20||2,228||8/1/20||2,209||9/1/20||2,203||10/1/20||2,184||11/1/20||2,155||12/1/20||2,136||1/1/21||2,107||2/1/21||2,071||3/1/21||2,053||4/1/21||2,030||5/1/21||2,016||6/1/21||New Hampshire Department of Corrections’ Monthly Facility Population Summary Report|
|North Carolina||35,119||1/30/20||34,919||2/16/20||34,968||3/23/30||33,786||4/26/20||32,143||5/25/20||31,929||6/30/20||32,033||7/27/20||31,704||8/24/20||30,970||9/30/20||30,867||10/23/20||30,267||11/30/20||30,210||12/28/20||28,928||1/29/21||28,812||4/25/21||28,682||5/12/21||28,776||6/14/21||North Carolina Department of Public Safety Statistics: Offender Population|
|North Dakota||1,794||1/1/20||1,748||2/1/20||1,731||3/1/20||1,530||4/1/20||1,461||5/1/20||1,313||6/1/20||1,318||7/1/20||1,332||8/1/20||1,300||9/1/20||1,316||10/1/20||1,350||11/1/20||1,372||12/1/20||1,378||1/1/21||1,436||2/1/21||1,472||3/1/21||1,522||4/1/21||1,559||5/1/21||1,577||6/14/21||Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; North Daktoa Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation’s Operational Capacity Daily Count|
|Ohio||48,601||1/28/20||48,762||2/25/20||49,045||3/31/20||47,850||4/28/20||43,181||5/26/20||45,940||6/30/20||45,113||7/28/20||44,677||8/25/20||44,567||9/29/20||44,665||10/27/20||44,245||11/25/20||43,824||12/29/21||43,518||1/20/21||43,338||2/23/21||43,040||3/30/21||43,097||4/27/21||43,085||5/25/21||43,009||6/10/21||Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction’s Weekly Population Count Reports|
|Oklahoma||25,045||1/27/20||24,994||2/24/20||24,696||3/30/20||24,042||4/27/20||23,307||5/26/21||22,656||6/29/20||22,346||7/27/20||21,991||8/31/20||21,779||9/28/20||21,647||10/26/20||21,721||11/30/20||21,720||12/28/20||21,709||1/25/21||21,681||2/22/21||21,742||3/29/21||21,747||4/26/21||21,710||5/24/21||21,628||6/7/21||Oklahoma Department of Corrections Weekly Count|
|Pennsylvania||45,863||1/31/20||45,650||2/29/20||45,115||3/31/20||43,220||4/30/20||42,408||5/31/20||41,427||6/30/20||40,911||7/31/20||40,545||8/31/20||39,911||9/30/20||39,329||10/31/20||39,085||11/30/20||38,645||12/31/20||38,206||1/31/21||37,766||2/28/21||37,457||3/31/21||37,267||4/30/21||37,123||5/28/21||37,054||6/11/21||Pennsylvania Department of Corrections, Monthly Population Reports|
|South Carolina||18,106||1/1/20||18,074||2/1/20||18,028||3/1/20||18,229||4/1/20||17,417||5/23/21||17,232||6/30/20||16,766||7/27/20||16,215||8/24/20||15,971||9/30/20||15,804||10/31/20||15,957||11/19/20||15,896||12/31/20||15,728||1/22/21||15,720||2/1/21||15,557||3/31/21||15,492||4/30/21||15,419||5/31/21||15,274||6/14/21||South Carolina Department of Corrections’ Inmate and Bed Counts|
|South Dakota||3,774||January 2020 ADP||3,809||February 2020 ADP||3,753||March 2020 ADP||3,706||April 2020 ADP||3,596||May 2020 ADP||3,506||June 2020 ADP||3,427||July 2020 ADP||3,373||August 2020 ADP||3,350||September 2020 ADP||3,305||October 2020 ADP||3,291||November 2020 ADP||3,240||December 2020 ADP||3,205||January 2021 ADP||3,218||February 2021 ADP||3,227||March 2021 ADP||3,232||April 2021 ADP||3,249||May 2021 ADP||South Dakota Department of Corrections’ FY 2020 Adult Dashboard; Adult Corrections Monthly Population Reports|
|Tennessee||21,791||January 2020 ADP||21,813||February 2020 ADP||21,724||March 2020 ADP||21,247||April 2020 ADP||20,690||May 2020 ADP||20,159||June 2020 ADP||19,645||July 2020 ADP||19,499||August 2020 ADP||19,327||September 2020 ADP||19,506||October 2020 ADP||19,741||November 2020 ADP||19,715||December 2020 ADP||19,537||January 2021 ADP||19,474||February 2021 ADP||19,560||March 2021 ADP||20,017||April 2021 ADP||20,503||May 2021 ADP||Tennessee Department of Correction’s Monthly Bed Space and Capacity Reports|
|Vermont||1,608||1/1/20||1,639||3/13/20||1,385||4/27/20||1,387||5/28/20||1,409||6/25/20||1,407||7/27/20||1,410||8/21/20||1,413||9/30/20||1,369||10/31/20||1,369||11/18/20||1,292||12/31/20||1,281||1/21/21||1,272||2/26/21||1,238||3/31/21||1,228||4/30/21||1,261||5/28/21||1,276||6/14/21||Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Vermont Department of Corrections’ Past Daily Population Data|
|Virginia||29,233||January 2020 ADP||29,208||February 2020 ADP||29,136||March 2020 ADP||28,595||April 2020 ADP||27,871||May 2020 ADP||27,294||June 2020 ADP||26,749||July 2020 ADP||26,190||August 2020 ADP||25,659||September 2020 ADP||25,156||October 2020 ADP||24,731||November 2020 ADP||24,235||December 2020 ADP||23,811||January 2021 ADP||23,644||February 2021 ADP||23,796||March 2021 ADP||23,897||April 2021 ADP||Virginia Department of Corrections’ Monthly Offender Population Reports|
|Washington||18,998||January 2020 ADP||19,151||February 2020 ADP||18,797||March 2020 ADP||17,587||April 2020 ADP||16,906||May 2020 ADP||16,703||June 2020 ADP||16,464||July 2020 ADP||16,381||August 2020 ADP||16,183||September 2020 ADP||16,081||October 2020 ADP||15,968||November 2020 ADP||15,644||December 2020 ADP||January 2021 ADP||February 2021 ADP||15,067||March 2021 ADP||Washington Department of Corrections’ Average Daily Population Fiscal Year 2020 and 2021|
|Wisconsin||23,629||1/31/20||23,471||2/28/20||23,288||3/27/20||22,506||4/24/20||21,819||5/29/20||21,444||6/26/20||21,390||7/24/20||21,337||8/21/20||21,098||9/25/20||20,867||10/30/20||20,693||11/13/20||20,155||12/25/20||19,976||1/15/21||19,607||2/26/21||19,480||3/26/21||19,433||4/30/21||19,400||5/28/21||19,413||6/11/21||Wisconsin Department of Corrections’ Weekly Population Reports|