How much have COVID-19 releases changed prison and jail populations?

The good news is that jail and prison populations remain lower than they were before COVID-19, but it’s not obvious just how much of that is attributable to additional releases.

by Emily Widra, February 3, 2021

Families and advocates want to know: How many people have been released from prisons and jails specifically because of efforts to reduce the spread of COVID-19 in correctional facilities and surrounding communities? Despite our ability to track overall correctional populations during the pandemic, the answer to this crucial question isn’t clear. Because of the disparate, disjointed nature of our local, state, and federal criminal justice systems, it is always difficult to track the effects of specific reforms, or to determine which policies are driving changes in the overall number of incarcerated people. During the current pandemic, this makes it impossible to pinpoint just how much of the recent population reductions were the result of special efforts to release people due to COVID-19 — as opposed to “normal” releases or changes in incoming admissions. But what is clear is that there are plenty of ways to reduce correctional populations, and that states and local governments are not using these tools to their full potential.

 

Prisons

Even in states where prison populations have dropped, there are still too many people behind bars to accommodate social distancing, effective isolation and quarantine, and increased health care requirements. For example, although California has reduced the state prison population by about 22% in the past 12 months, it has not been enough to prevent large COVID-19 outbreaks in the state’s prisons. In fact, as of January 20th, 2021, California’s prisons were still holding more people than they were designed for, at 103% of their design capacity.

graph showing change in population of 30 state prison systems and the federal prison system Figure 1. Prison population data for 30 states where sufficient population data was readily available from January 2020 to January 2021, either directly from the state Departments of Correction or the Vera Institute of Justice. See our COVID-19 response tracker for more information on many of the most important policy changes that led to these (generally small) reductions in some states. For the population data for these 30 states, see Appendix A.
Sharp-eyed readers may wonder if Connecticut and Vermont are showing larger declines than most other states because those two states have “unified” prison and jail systems, and pretrial populations typically respond to policy changes more quickly than prisons. However, data from both states show that the bulk of their population reduction is coming from within the “sentenced” portion of their populations. (For the Connecticut data, see the Correctional Facility Population Count Report, and for Vermont, see the daily population reports.)

Many states’ prison populations are the lowest they’ve been in decades, but this is not because more people are being released from prisons. The limited data available from a handful of states shows that the number of prison releases did not change much between 2019 and 2020, suggesting that most of the population drops that we’ve seen over the past year are due to reduced prison admissions. (Certainly, reducing the number of people admitted to correctional facilities is critical to reducing the number of people behind bars, but to quickly decarcerate, states should be releasing far more people, too.)

graph showing trends in prison releases and admissions from 2018 to 2020 Figure 2. These four states publish monthly release and admission data for 2018, 2019, and most of 2020. Although we cannot be certain that this analysis is representative of the other 42 state prison systems and the federal Bureau of Prisons, these data do begin to show us a pattern of responses to the COVID-19 pandemic: reducing prison admissions, while maintaining the status quo of prison releases. (We’ll be collecting this data going forward and in additional states to build an even more comprehensive picture of how federal and state prison systems have responded to COVID-19.)

graph showing trends in prison releases in 2019 and 2020 Figure 3. These eight states published monthly release data for 2019 and for most of 2020. While not nationally representative, these eight states show that fewer people have been released from these state prisons in response to COVID-19 than in the previous year.

Despite evidence that large-scale releases do not inherently endanger public safety, states have elected to release people from prison on a mostly case-by-case basis, which an October 2020 report from the National Academies described as “procedurally slow and not well suited to crisis situations.”

Thankfully, some states have recognized the inefficiency of case-by-case releases and the necessity of larger-scale releases. For example, in New Jersey, Governor Phil Murphy signed bill S2519 in October, which allowed for the early release of people with less than a year left on their sentences.1 A few weeks after the bill was signed, more than 2,000 people were released from New Jersey state prisons on November 4th.2

 

Jails

Jail populations, like prison populations, are lower now than they were pre-pandemic. Initially, many local officials — including sheriffs, prosecutors, and judges — responded quickly to COVID-19 and reduced their jail populations. In a national sample of 429 county jails of varying sizes, most (87%) decreased their populations from March to July, resulting in an average population reduction of 23% across all 429 jails.3 These population reductions came as the result of various policy changes, including police issuing citations in lieu of arrests, prosecutors declining to charge people for “low-level offenses,” courts reducing cash bail amounts, and jail administrators releasing people detained pretrial or those serving short sentences for “nonviolent” offenses.

But the data now tells a different story about the latter part of the pandemic. Since July, 66% of the jails in our sample had population increases, suggesting that the early reforms instituted to mitigate COVID-19 have largely been abandoned. For example, by mid-April, the Philadelphia city jail population reportedly dropped by more than 17% after city police suspended low-level arrests and judges released “certain nonviolent detainees” jailed for “low-level charges.” But on May 1st — as the pandemic raged on — the Philadelphia police force announced that they would resume arrests for property crimes, effectively reversing the earlier reduction efforts. Similarly, on July 10th, the sheriff of Jefferson County (Birmingham), Alabama, announced that the jail would limit admissions to only “violent felons that cannot make bond.”4 That effort was quickly abandoned when the jail resumed normal admission operations just one week later. The increasing jail populations across the country suggest that after the first wave of responses to COVID-19, many local officials have allowed jail admissions to return to business as usual.

graph showing jail population trends from March 2020 to January 2021 Figure 4. Despite the rising national case rate of COVID-19, the number of people held in our sample of 429 county jails across the country has not continued to decrease over the past six months, following early initial reductions. This graph contains aggregated data collected by NYU’s Public Safety Lab and updates a graph in our December 2nd briefing. It Includes all jails where the Lab was able to report data on March 10th and for at least 75% of the days in our research period, which ended Jan. 20, 2021. (The Public Safety Lab is continuing to add more jails to its data collection and data is not available for all facilities for all days.) This graph presents the data as 7-day rolling averages, which smooths out most of the variations caused by individual facilities not reporting population data on particular days. The temporary population drops during the last weeks of May,August, and November are the result of more facilities than usual not being included in the dataset for various reasons, rather than any known policy changes. To see county level data for all 429 jails included in this analysis, see Appendix B.

 

Why is it so hard to identify the cause of population shifts?

Even under normal circumstances, prison and jail populations fluctuate frequently due to a variety of factors, making it difficult to pinpoint what is causing specific changes. In a way, visualizing shifts in the number of people confined is a bit like talking about how much water is in a bathtub that has multiple faucets and multiple drains, each controlled by different people who don’t necessarily communicate with each other. Measuring the depth of the water (or the number of people locked up) is easy, but determining why the water level changes is complicated. The criminal justice system is not so different, in that different agencies affect the number of incoming incarcerated admissions via arrest, prosecution, conviction, and sentencing policies. At the same time, there are many ways that people can leave prison or jail, too — which are also controlled by various agencies — such as release without bail, maxing out a sentence, parole, clemency (including mass clemencies), retroactive sentence reductions by a legislature, compassionate release, or death.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of people incarcerated across the country is clearly down, but it is not immediately clear how much of that reduction we can attribute to admission mechanisms, as opposed to release mechanisms. For example, changes to the admission mechanisms that we have seen enacted to reduce jail and prison populations include:

  • Reduced arrests,
  • Fewer prosecutions,
  • Slower — or even suspended — court systems, and
  • Fewer incarcerations for probation and parole violations.

On the other hand, public health officials have emphasized the need to increase the number of people being released from prison and jail. These releases can occur via changes to any number of release mechanisms, including:

  • Reduced pretrial detention,
  • Increased commutations and pardons,
  • Adding good time credits to hasten release dates,
  • Judicial orders for administrative releases, and
  • Releases for people who are:
    • Nearing the end of their sentence in prisons or jails,
    • Serving short sentences for misdemeanors in jails, and
    • Medically vulnerable to COVID-19.

Prisons and jails are notoriously dangerous places during a viral outbreak, and continue to be a major source of a large number of infections in the U.S. The COVID-19 death rate in prisons is three times higher than among the general U.S. population, even when adjusted for age and sex (as the prison population is disproportionately young and male). Since the early days of the pandemic, public health professionals, corrections officials, and criminal justice reform advocates have agreed that decarceration is necessary to protect incarcerated people and the community at large from COVID-19. The best way to decarcerate is to release more people from prisons and jails. Despite this knowledge, state, federal, and local authorities have failed to release people from prisons and jails on a major scale, which continues to put incarcerated people’s lives at risk — and by extension, the lives of everyone in the communities where incarcerated people eventually return, and where correctional staff live and work.

 
 

Footnotes

  1. New Jersey is not included in the above graph of state prison population changes because the New Jersey Department of Correction has not published monthly population data for 2020. However, in an October 2020 press release (prior to the November implementation of bill S2519), Governor Phil Murphy claimed the population in state correctional facilities had “decreased by nearly 3,000 people (16%)” since March.  ↩

  2. Unfortunately, this major victory for public health was immediately undercut by the federal Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE) agency which quickly arrested 88 people who were released under bill S2519. A spokesperson from ICE claimed that these 88 individuals were “violent offenders or have convictions for serious crimes such as homicide, aggravated assault, drug trafficking and child sexual exploitation.” However, these claims are brought into question when considering that the releases that took place under bill S2519 specifically excluded “people serving time for murder or sexual assault” and those serving time for sexual offenses. Although we did not include ICE facilities in our analysis, there is evidence that ICE detention facilities have a COVID-19 case rate that is up to 13 times higher than that of the general U.S. population.  ↩

  3. Our analysis is based on a subset of the excellent dataset created by the NYU Public Safety Lab Jail Data Initiative which is collecting jail populations for a diverse group of over 1,000 facilities across the country. For each of our analyses of jail and prison populations during the pandemic (including our earlier analyses in May, August, September, and December 2020), we included all jails from this database that had population data available for at least 75% of the days in the period being studied and had data going back to the start of the pandemic on March 10th, 2020. For this January 2021 analysis, we included all 429 jails that had at least 237 days worth of data, representing at least 75% of the days between March 10th, 2020 and January 20th, 2021.  ↩

  4. The news story from Jefferson County does not make clear whether officials are using “violent” to refer to the crime a person is charged with, crimes of which they have already convicted, a label imposed on them by a risk assessment tool, or something else.  ↩

 

Appendix A: State and federal prison populations during COVID‑19

Prison populations for the federal Bureau of Prisons and 30 states where monthly data was readily available for the period from January 2020 to January 2021.

State January 2020 February 2020 March 2020 April 2020 May 2020 June 2020 July 2020 August 2020 September 2020 October 2020 November 2020 December 2020 Most recent Population Data Source
Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date Prison population Date
Alabama 27,146 1/10/20 27,385 2/4/20 27,520 3/28/20 27,321 4/19/20 26,898 5/27/20 26,427 6/26/20 26,235 7/10/20 25,869 8/14/20 25,592 9/21/20 25,343 10/31/20 25,273 11/24/20 24,902 12/31/20 24,731 1/22/21 Department of Corrections’ Inmate Search
Arizona 42,441 1/1/20 42,282 2/29/20 41,984 3/31/20 41,449 4/20/20 41,005 5/31/20 40,151 6/30/20 39,455 7/24/20 39,125 8/21/20 38,865 9/27/20 38,495 10/31/20 38,385 11/19/20 37,822 12/15/20 37,473 1/21/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; ADCRR COVID-19 Dashboard
California 117,344 1/1/20 117,432 2/5/20 117,328 3/25/20 112,573 4/30/20 111,072 5/31/20 108,393 6/30/19 101,523 7/31/20 97,266 8/31/20 94,628 9/30/20 94,270 10/31/20t 94,146 11/30/20 92,116 12/31/20 91,353 1/20/21 CDCR Weekly Total Population Reports
Colorado 19,714 12/31/19 19,568 2/29/20 19,357 3/31/20 18,419 4/30/20 17,808 5/31/20 17,441 6/30/20 17,157 7/31/20 16,908 8/31/20 16,673 9/30/20 16,527 10/31/20 16,365 11/31/20 16,090 12/31/20 Department of Corrections’ End-of-Month Inmate Population
Connecticut 12,284 1/1/20 12,385 2/1/20 12,409 3/1/20 11,853 4/1/20 10,973 5/1/20 10,444 6/1/20 9,945 7/1/20 9,645 8/1/20 9,530 9/4/20 9,344 10/8/20 9,350 11/1/20 9,237 12/1/20 9,098 1/21/21 Department of Correction’s Total Population Counts Report
Federal 164,284 1/9/20 163,635 2/20/20 43,895 3/5/20 163,498 4/2/20 157,340 5/7/20 151,066 6/4/20 145,399 7/9/20 143,071 8/6/20 140,970 9/3/20 140,540 10/1/20 139,446 11/5/20 138,776 12/3/20 137,008 1/21/21 Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Population Statistics
Georgia 52,949 1/1/20 53,474 2/21/20 53,247 3/27/20 51,618 4/24/20 50,681 5/29/20 49,575 6/26/20 48,691 7/31/20 48,274 8/21/20 46,814 9/25/20 46,649 10/30/20 45,471 11/27/20 46,219 12/25/20 45,309 1/15/21 GDC Friday Report
Hawaii 4,976 12/31/19 5,050 2/29/20 4,631 3/31/20 4,176 4/30/20 4,236 5/31/20 4,386 6/30/20 4,444 7/31/20 4,092 8/31/20 4,074 9/30/20 4,118 10/31/20 4,123 11/30/20 4,113 12/31/20 4,142 1/18/21 Corrections Division Population Reports
Indiana 26,952 1/1/20 26,875 2/1/20 26,891 3/1/20 26,936 4/1/20 26,418 5/1/20 25,385 7/1/20 25,023 8/1/20 24,513 9/1/20 24,203 10/1/20 24,203 11/1/20 23,978 12/1/20 Indiana DOC Offender Population Report
Iowa 9,282 1/1/20 8,474 2/3/20 8,521 3/28/20 8,486 4/9/20 7,902 5/9/20 7,596 6/19/20 7,555 7/8/20 7,441 8/24/20 7,410 9/17/20 7,415 10/31/20 7,433 11/19/20 7,444 12/2/20 7,500 1/21/20 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Corrections’s Daily Statistics
Kansas 10,011 1/2/20 10,009 2/28/20 10,031 3/31/20 9,758 4/30/20 9,449 5/30/20 8,938 7/31/20 8,813 8/21/20 8,682 9/30/20 8,607 10/31/20 8,597 11/30/20 8,693 1/20/21 Department of Corrections Daily Adult Population Report
Kentucky 23,141 1/1/20 23,157 2/3/20 23,215 3/2/20 23,038 4/1/20 21,111 5/1/20 20,694 6/1/20 20,313 7/1/20 19,793 8/3/20 19,005 9/2/20 19,088 10/1/20 18,917 11/2/20 19,134 12/1/20 18,678 1/13/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Corrections Daily Count Sheet
Maine 2,205 1/1/20 2,123 5/1/20 1,798 7/1/20 1,793 8/24/20 1,786 9/4/20 1,763 10/5/20 1,756 11/16/20 1,688 1/21/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Corrections’ Population Report
Massachusetts 8,302 1/6/20 8,303 2/3/20 8,322 3/2/20 8,083 4/6/20 7,701 5/4/20 7,523 6/1/20 7,324 7/6/20 7,308 8/3/20 7,211 9/7/20 7,130 10/6/20 7,066 11/2/20 6,978 12/7/20 6,791 1/18/21 Department of Correction’s Weekly Inmate Count 2020 and 2021.
Minnesota 9,381 1/1/20 8,857 3/1/20 8,816 4/2/20 8,174 5/28/20 7,962 6/25/20 7,738 7/30/20 7,599 8/24/20 7,519 9/28/20 7,541 10/26/20 7,407 11/26/21 7,328 12/31/20 7,255 1/11/21 Department of Corrections’ Adult Prison Population Summary; Department of Correction COVID-19 Updates
Mississippi 19,147 1/1/20 19,031 2/1/20 18,886 3/1/20 17,794 4/1/20 18,045 5/1/20 17,651 6/1/20 17,448 7/1/20 17,390 8/1/20 17,310 8/31/20 17,274 10/1/20 17,224 11/1/20 17,118 12/1/20 17,052 1/12/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Correction Daily Inmate Population
Montana 2,759 1/1/20 2,777 3/1/20 2,692 5/1/20 2,582 6/1/20 2,542 7/1/20 2,520 8/1/20 2,533 9/4/20 2,491 10/7/20 2,473 11/1/20 2,433 12/1/20 2,431 1/20/21 Department of Corrections Daily Population Report
Nevada 12,911 1/4/20 12,395 2/2/20 12,384 3/8/20 12,474 5/18/20 11,910 6/7/20 12,266 7/7/20 11,696 8/2/20 11,982 9/7/20 11,756 10/6/20 11,731 10/31/20 11,222 12/7/21 11,134 12/27/20 Department of Correction Weekly Fact Sheets
New Hampshire 2,464 1/1/20 2,472 2/1/20 2,472 3/1/20 2,433 4/1/20 2,359 5/1/20 2,283 6/1/20 2,256 7/1/20 2,228 8/1/20 2,209 9/1/20 2,203 10/1/20 2,184 11/1/20 2,155 12/1/20 Department of Corrections’ Monthly Facility Population Summary Report
North Carolina 34,510 1/1/20 34,919 2/16/20 34,953 3/15/20 34,951 4/8/20 32,795 5/1/20 31,972 6/23/20 32,033 7/27/20 31,704 8/24/20 30,970 9/30/20 30,742 10/29/20 30,267 11/30/20 29,037 1/21/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Public Safety Statistics: Offender Population
North Dakota 1,794 1/1/20 1,748 2/1/20 1,731 3/1/20 1,530 4/1/20 1,461 5/1/20 1,313 6/1/20 1,318 7/1/20 1,332 8/1/20 1,300 9/1/20 1,316 10/1/20 1,350 11/1/20 1,372 12/1/20 1,422 1/21/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation Operational Capacity Daily Count
Ohio 48,599 1/7/20 48,668 2/4/20 48,795 3/3/20 44,967 4/7/20 47,529 5/5/20 46,687 6/2/20 45,632 7/7/20 45,077 8/4/20 44,594 9/1/20 44,644 10/6/20 44,471 11/3/20 44,145 12/1/20 43,695 1/5/21 Department of Rehabilitation and Correction’s Weekly Population Count Reports
Oklahoma 24,749 1/6/20 25,039 2/3/20 24,993 3/2/20 24,562 4/6/20 23,663 5/4/20 23,162 6/1/20 22,249 7/20/20 22,157 8/3/20 21,835 9/21/20 21,747 10/5/20 21,689 11/2/20 21,778 12/7/20 21,648 1/19/21 Department of Corrections Weekly Count
Pennsylvania 47,590 12/31/19 47,382 2/29/20 46,882 3/31/20 45,654 30-Apr 44,556 5/31/20 43,490 6/30/20 42,826 7/31/20 42,325 8/31/20 41,830 9/30/20 41,531 10/31/20 41,191 11/30/20 40,766 12/31/20 39,710 1/21/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Corrections Monthly Population Reports
South Carolina 18,106 1/1/20 18,074 2/1/20 18,028 3/1/20 18,229 4/1/20 17,687 5/1/20 17,455 6/1/20 16,836 7/12/20 16,361 8/1/20 16,019 9/4/20 15,992 10/8/20 15,957 11/19/20 16,013 12/1/20 15,728 1/22/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Inmate and Bed Counts of SCDC Institutions
South Dakota 3,804 12/31/19 3,833 2/28/20 3,794 3/31/20 3,654 4/30/20 3,580 5/31/20 3,478 6/30/20 3,323 9/30/20 3,295 10/31/20 3,288 11/30/20 3,225 12/31/20 Department of Corrections’ FY 2020 Adult Dashboard and Adult Corrections Monthly Population Reports
Tennessee 21,791 Jan. 2020 ADP 21,813 Feb. 2020 ADP 21,724 March 2020 ADP 21,247 April 2020 ADP 20,690 May 2020 ADP 20,159 June 2020 ADP 19,645 July 2020 ADP 19,499 Aug. 2020 ADP 19,327 Sept. 2020 ADP 19,506 Oct. 2020 ADP 19,741 Nov. 2020 ADP 19,715 Dec. 2020 ADP Department of Correction Monthly Bed Space and Capacity Reports
Vermont 1,608 1/1/20 1,639 3/13/20 1,385 4/27/20 1,387 5/28/20 1,409 6/25/20 1,407 7/27/20 1,410 8/21/20 1,413 9/30/20 1,369 10/31/20 1,369 11/18/20 1,292 12/31/20 1,281 1/21/21 Vera’s People in Prison, 2019; Department of Corrections Past Daily Population Data
Virginia 29,233 Jan. 2020 ADP 29,208 Feb. 2020 ADP 29,136 March 2020 ADP 28,595 April 2020 ADP 27,871 May 2020 ADP 27,294 June 2020 ADP 26,749 July 2020 ADP 26,190 Aug. 2020 ADP 25,659 Sept. 2020 ADP 25,156 Oct. 2020 ADP 24,731 Nov. 2020 ADP Department of Corrections Monthly Offender Population Reports
Washington 18,998 Jan. 2020 ADP 19,151 Feb. 2020 ADP 18,797 March 2020 ADP 17,587 April 2020 ADP 16,906 May 2020 ADP 16,703 June 2020 ADP 16,464 July 2020 ADP 16,381 Aug. 2020 ADP 16,183 Sept. 2020 ADP 16,081 Oct. 2020 ADP 15,968 Nov. 2020 ADP Department of Corrections Average Daily Population Fiscal Year 2020 and 2021
Wisconsin 23,672 1/3/20 23,471 2/28/20 23,288 3/27/20 22,506 4/24/20 21,819 5/29/20 21,444 6/26/20 21,390 7/24/20 21,337 8/21/20 21,098 9/25/20 20,867 10/30/20 20,693 11/13/20 20,155 12/25/21 19,976 1/15/21 Department of Corrections Weekly Population Reports

 

Appendix B: County jail populations during COVID-19

This table shows the jail populations for 429 county jails where data was available where data was available for March 10th (the day the pandemic was declared) and for 75% of the days between March 10th, 2020 and January 20th, 2021. (This table is a subset of the population data available for over 1,000 local jails from the NYU Public Safety Lab Jail Data Initiative.)

County State March population July population Most recent population Percent change from March to July Percent change from July to the most recent date Net percent change since March March date July date Most recent date
Autauga Ala. 171 169 187 -1% 11% 9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Blount Ala. 125 117 156 -6% 33% 25% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Chambers Ala. 134 68 2 -49% -97% -99% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cherokee Ala. 110 66 91 -40% 38% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clay Ala. 38 34 34 -11% 0% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cleburne Ala. 84 61 60 -27% -2% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Coffee Ala. 127 76 99 -40% 30% -22% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Coosa Ala. 27 32 22 19% -31% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dale Ala. 74 69 54 -7% -22% -27% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
DeKalb Ala. 167 164 173 -2% 5% 4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Franklin Ala. 121 87 79 -28% -9% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Houston Ala. 393 324 377 -18% 16% -4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Ala. 177 183 217 3% 19% 23% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Marion Ala. 131 139 151 6% 9% 15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Morgan Ala. 615 554 574 -10% 4% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pickens Ala. 106 117 119 10% 2% 12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pike Ala. 62 34 56 -45% 65% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Randolph Ala. 64 49 66 -23% 35% 3% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St Clair Ala. 219 229 188 5% -18% -14% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Talladega Ala. 301 224 305 -26% 36% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington Ala. 58 38 32 -34% -16% -45% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Baxter Ark. 120 86 120 -28% 40% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Boone Ark. 103 74 103 -28% 39% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Columbia Ark. 78 28 48 -64% 71% -38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Crawford Ark. 215 166 232 -23% 40% 8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cross Ark. 69 61 52 -12% -15% -25% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Drew Ark. 63 34 45 -46% 32% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Faulkner Ark. 466 218 367 -53% 68% -21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Franklin Ark. 36 24 86 -33% 258% 139% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hempstead Ark. 68 53 63 -22% 19% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Howard Ark. 41 15 23 -63% 53% -44% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jefferson Ark. 293 173 180 -41% 4% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Johnson Ark. 63 37 75 -41% 103% 19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Marion Ark. 42 22 74 -48% 236% 76% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Monroe Ark. 16 12 12 -25% 0% -25% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Nevada Ark. 55 33 51 -40% 55% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Poinsett Ark. 80 49 71 -39% 45% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pope Ark. 193 134 163 -31% 22% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Saline Ark. 233 131 177 -44% 35% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St Francis Ark. 71 35 30 -51% -14% -58% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Stone Ark. 36 37 33 3% -11% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Union Ark. 199 137 158 -31% 15% -21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Van Buren Ark. 78 29 34 -63% 17% -56% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington Ark. 678 405 572 -40% 41% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
White Ark. 277 80 210 -71% 163% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Yavapai Ariz. 537 448 468 -17% 4% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Yuma Ariz. 427 366 460 -14% 26% 8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
El Dorado Calif. 383 324 332 -15% 2% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Siskiyou Calif. 91 80 69 -12% -14% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Stanislaus Calif. 1343 1043 1165 -22% 12% -13% 3/10/20 7/13/20* 1/20/21
Yuba Calif. 383 219 229 -43% 5% -40% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Arapahoe Colo. 1123 681 813 -39% 19% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bent Colo. 55 31 63 -44% 103% 15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Boulder Colo. 647 410 390 -37% -5% -40% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Douglas Colo. 339 216 257 -36% 19% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jefferson Colo. 1258 642 775 -49% 21% -38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pueblo Colo. 643 388 409 -40% 5% -36% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Alachua Fla. 729 669 806 -8% 20% 11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Broward Fla. 1706 1580 1711 -7% 8% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clay Fla. 418 437 423 5% -3% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
DeSoto Fla. 147 161 161 10% 0% 10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Flagler Fla. 203 175 200 -14% 14% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lake Fla. 18 10 26 -44% 160% 44% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Monroe Fla. 510 394 460 -23% 17% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Nassau Fla. 236 172 231 -27% 34% -2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Okeechobee Fla. 256 249 283 -3% 14% 11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sarasota Fla. 866 779 874 -10% 12% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St Lucie Fla. 1303 1218 1323 -7% 9% 2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Walton Fla. 435 405 442 -7% 9% 2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bartow Ga. 671 531 589 -21% 11% -12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Berrien Ga. 96 69 80 -28% 16% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Brantley Ga. 122 124 104 2% -16% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bulloch Ga. 343 254 320 -26% 26% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Burke Ga. 106 93 111 -12% 19% 5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Camden Ga. 112 132 137 18% 4% 22% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Carroll Ga. 441 302 383 -32% 27% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Catoosa Ga. 228 129 208 -43% 61% -9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Columbia Ga. 276 182 204 -34% 12% -26% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Coweta Ga. 412 247 333 -40% 35% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Decatur Ga. 116 117 143 1% 22% 23% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dodge Ga. 123 116 121 -6% 4% -2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dougherty Ga. 579 414 528 -28% 28% -9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Douglas Ga. 681 344 369 -49% 7% -46% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Effingham Ga. 236 142 153 -40% 8% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Elbert Ga. 95 48 65 -49% 35% -32% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Fayette Ga. 205 127 190 -38% 50% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Floyd Ga. 639 471 525 -26% 11% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Gordon Ga. 290 239 268 -18% 12% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Habersham Ga. 162 114 132 -30% 16% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Haralson Ga. 184 116 191 -37% 65% 4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Ga. 143 111 186 -22% 68% 30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lamar Ga. 58 38 47 -34% 24% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Laurens Ga. 337 285 292 -15% 2% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Liberty Ga. 209 176 198 -16% 13% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Monroe Ga. 128 102 143 -20% 40% 12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Polk Ga. 179 156 106 -13% -32% -41% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Rabun Ga. 108 60 71 -44% 18% -34% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Richmond Ga. 1021 891 973 -13% 9% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Spalding Ga. 386 260 349 -33% 34% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sumter Ga. 157 129 148 -18% 15% -6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Tattnall Ga. 87 36 76 -59% 111% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Turner Ga. 67 61 48 -9% -21% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Union Ga. 49 39 49 -20% 26% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Upson Ga. 103 59 93 -43% 58% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ware Ga. 419 340 442 -19% 30% 5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington Ga. 78 76 90 -3% 18% 15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Whitfield Ga. 484 336 424 -31% 26% -12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Worth Ga. 69 85 72 23% -15% 4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Buena Vista Iowa 22 7 14 -68% 100% -36% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cerro Gordo Iowa 68 39 48 -43% 23% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clinton Iowa 59 35 61 -41% 74% 3% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dallas Iowa 27 36 35 33% -3% 30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dickinson Iowa 13 7 6 -46% -14% -54% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hardin Iowa 84 79 64 -6% -19% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ida Iowa 7 1 5 -86% 400% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lyon Iowa 14 9 4 -36% -56% -71% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Plymouth Iowa 41 28 0 -32% -100% -100% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Polk Iowa 885 542 726 -39% 34% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/5/21
Story Iowa 70 25 68 -64% 172% -3% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Worth Iowa 8 1 2 -88% 100% -75% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Blaine Idaho 64 50 13 -22% -74% -80% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bonneville Idaho 392 275 244 -30% -11% -38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Canyon Idaho 445 383 355 -14% -7% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Nez Perce Idaho 128 79 86 -38% 9% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Power Idaho 14 13 5 -7% -62% -64% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington Idaho 40 39 33 -3% -15% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Kendall Ill. 156 137 146 -12% 7% -6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Macon Ill. 300 261 302 -13% 16% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Moultrie Ill. 24 28 36 17% 29% 50% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Randolph Ill. 25 24 19 -4% -21% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Will Ill. 687 580 609 -16% 5% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Woodford Ill. 52 56 72 8% 29% 38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clinton Ind. 151 119 158 -21% 33% 5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/4/21
Hamilton Ind. 294 227 291 -23% 28% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Ind. 249 173 191 -31% 10% -23% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Tippecanoe Ind. 508 426 454 -16% 7% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Brown Kan. 12 14 18 17% 29% 50% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cherokee Kan. 81 44 78 -46% 77% -4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Coffey Kan. 28 20 0 -29% -100% -100% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Crawford Kan. 74 49 66 -34% 35% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dickinson Kan. 20 16 4 -20% -75% -80% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Doniphan Kan. 9 8 3 -11% -63% -67% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Finney Kan. 95 88 58 -7% -34% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Geary Kan. 100 77 84 -23% 9% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Kan. 82 55 67 -33% 22% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jefferson Kan. 28 32 16 14% -50% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pratt Kan. 22 11 10 -50% -9% -55% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Rooks Kan. 18 8 9 -56% 13% -50% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sherman Kan. 18 27 17 50% -37% -6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sumner Kan. 142 43 101 -70% 135% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Thomas Kan. 14 9 10 -36% 11% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Trego Kan. 11 3 6 -73% 100% -45% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wabaunsee Kan. 9 5 5 -44% 0% -44% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Woodson Kan. 9 8 5 -11% -38% -44% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Boone Ky. 453 370 467 -18% 26% 3% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Christian Ky. 768 522 602 -32% 15% -22% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Letcher Ky. 108 92 98 -15% 7% -9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Todd Ky. 135 81 115 -40% 42% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Allen La. 102 62 58 -39% -6% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Assumption La. 101 94 133 -7% 41% 32% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Avoyelles La. 424 332 301 -22% -9% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Beauregard La. 161 137 165 -15% 20% 2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bienville La. 41 29 22 -29% -24% -46% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bogalusa City La. 18 14 15 -22% 7% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Caldwell La. 610 502 572 -18% 14% -6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cameron La. 27 20 13 -26% -35% -52% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Catahoula La. 72 47 52 -35% 11% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Claiborne La. 575 465 400 -19% -14% -30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
East Feliciana La. 244 215 233 -12% 8% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Evangeline La. 74 51 59 -31% 16% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Franklin La. 815 680 808 -17% 19% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hammond City La. 14 11 9 -21% -18% -36% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Iberia La. 403 326 360 -19% 10% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Iberville La. 106 111 117 5% 5% 10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson La. 131 120 0 -8% -100% -100% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jefferson Davis La. 159 70 104 -56% 49% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
LaSalle La. 73 58 80 -21% 38% 10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lafayette La. 990 527 537 -47% 2% -46% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lafourche La. 458 315 326 -31% 3% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Madison La. 35 42 77 20% 83% 120% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Morehouse La. 464 504 432 9% -14% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Oakdale La. 1 1 1 0% 0% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pointe Coupee La. 98 79 78 -19% -1% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Red River La. 64 57 55 -11% -4% -14% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Richland La. 751 583 678 -22% 16% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sabine La. 203 169 185 -17% 9% -9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Shreveport La. 63 12 26 -81% 117% -59% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St Charles La. 458 417 406 -9% -3% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St James La. 68 39 55 -43% 41% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St John La. 146 122 74 -16% -39% -49% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
St Mary La. 223 165 184 -26% 12% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sulphur La. 11 17 14 55% -18% 27% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Tangipahoa La. 572 465 573 -19% 23% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Tensas La. 18 19 15 6% -21% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Terrebonne La. 645 502 536 -22% 7% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Vermilion La. 146 134 160 -8% 19% 10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Vernon La. 131 101 121 -23% 20% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ville Platte La. 16 6 12 -63% 100% -25% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington La. 163 138 175 -15% 27% 7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Webster La. 627 550 583 -12% 6% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
West Baton Rouge La. 320 251 262 -22% 4% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
West Feliciana La. 25 15 116 -40% 673% 364% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Winnfield La. 24 20 4 -17% -80% -83% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Worcester Mass. 766 465 515 -39% 11% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Allegany Md. 189 141 125 -25% -11% -34% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Prince Georges Md. 884 749 976 -15% 30% 10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cumberland Maine 349 299 306 -14% 2% -12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wayne Mich. 2086 2157 3041 3% 41% 46% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Beltrami Minn. 113 91 86 -19% -5% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Blue Earth Minn. 114 68 65 -40% -4% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Carlton Minn. 33 14 23 -58% 64% -30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Chisago Minn. 61 25 35 -59% 40% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clay Minn. 117 69 92 -41% 33% -21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clearwater Minn. 17 12 13 -29% 8% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Crow Wing Minn. 155 96 99 -38% 3% -36% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Fillmore Minn. 7 10 2 43% -80% -71% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hubbard Minn. 63 40 53 -37% 33% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Isanti Minn. 57 31 25 -46% -19% -56% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Kanabec Minn. 45 18 14 -60% -22% -69% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Kandiyohi Minn. 91 79 46 -13% -42% -49% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lac Qui Parle Minn. 4 5 4 25% -20% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Le Sueur Minn. 23 12 15 -48% 25% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
McLeod Minn. 36 22 24 -39% 9% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Mille Lacs Minn. 79 51 36 -35% -29% -54% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Morrison Minn. 31 20 24 -35% 20% -23% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Mower Minn. 79 57 51 -28% -11% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 11/13/20
Nicollet Minn. 26 12 11 -54% -8% -58% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pennington Minn. 34 31 43 -9% 39% 26% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pipestone Minn. 14 10 9 -29% -10% -36% 3/10/20 6/23/20* 1/20/21
Redwood Minn. 12 13 16 8% 23% 33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Renville Minn. 39 15 19 -62% 27% -51% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Roseau Minn. 21 10 9 -52% -10% -57% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Scott Minn. 140 57 96 -59% 68% -31% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sherburne Minn. 307 259 228 -16% -12% -26% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sibley Minn. 9 4 8 -56% 100% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Swift Minn. 4 4 4 0% 0% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Todd Minn. 21 9 15 -57% 67% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Winona Minn. 30 22 20 -27% -9% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wright Minn. 182 91 151 -50% 66% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Yellow Medicine Minn. 15 13 9 -13% -31% -40% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Barry Mo. 45 44 57 -2% 30% 27% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Benton Mo. 35 20 30 -43% 50% -14% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Boone Mo. 252 202 254 -20% 26% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Buchanan Mo. 217 165 202 -24% 22% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cape Girardeau Mo. 148 151 203 2% 34% 37% 3/10/20 6/11/20* 1/20/21
Clay Mo. 300 215 197 -28% -8% -34% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Mo. 839 697 770 -17% 10% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jasper Mo. 200 168 190 -16% 13% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Johnson Mo. 202 86 120 -57% 40% -41% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Joplin Mo. 56 28 45 -50% 61% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lawrence Mo. 77 76 73 -1% -4% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lewis Mo. 8 7 13 -13% 86% 63% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Marion Mo. 79 58 79 -27% 36% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Morgan Mo. 79 63 122 -20% 94% 54% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Nodaway Mo. 12 10 18 -17% 80% 50% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Stone Mo. 65 69 39 6% -43% -40% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Adams Miss. 76 78 72 3% -8% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clay Miss. 68 51 69 -25% 35% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Miss. 338 370 359 9% -3% 6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jasper Miss. 30 24 21 -20% -13% -30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Kemper Miss. 380 369 338 -3% -8% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lee Miss. 194 201 250 4% 24% 29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Tunica Miss. 27 23 22 -15% -4% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Broadwater Mont. 47 32 42 -32% 31% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lewis and Clark Mont. 102 109 104 7% -5% 2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ravalli Mont. 41 47 50 15% 6% 22% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Rosebud Mont. 11 10 10 -9% 0% -9% 3/10/20 7/13/20* 1/20/21
Valley Mont. 40 28 21 -30% -25% -48% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Alamance N.C. 361 217 239 -40% 10% -34% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Anson N.C. 49 45 49 -8% 9% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Brunswick N.C. 244 163 218 -33% 34% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Burke N.C. 133 118 112 -11% -5% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cabarrus N.C. 323 195 195 -40% 0% -40% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Carteret N.C. 165 109 200 -34% 83% 21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Catawba N.C. 302 216 215 -28% 0% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cleveland N.C. 324 184 218 -43% 18% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Davidson N.C. 340 207 229 -39% 11% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Guilford N.C. 1051 780 719 -26% -8% -32% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lee N.C. 119 93 109 -22% 17% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lincoln N.C. 148 69 102 -53% 48% -31% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Moore N.C. 138 105 142 -24% 35% 3% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
New Hanover N.C. 444 358 402 -19% 12% -9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pender N.C. 88 71 79 -19% 11% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Randolph N.C. 255 201 213 -21% 6% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Richmond N.C. 114 77 77 -32% 0% -32% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Rowan N.C. 341 236 245 -31% 4% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sampson N.C. 253 165 176 -35% 7% -30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Stanly N.C. 156 96 132 -38% 38% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Transylvania N.C. 77 44 35 -43% -20% -55% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wake N.C. 1246 1054 1141 -15% 8% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington N.C. 459 308 285 -33% -7% -38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Stutsman N.D. 47 35 42 -26% 20% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Williams N.D. 90 115 108 28% -6% 20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hall Neb. 275 206 193 -25% -6% -30% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lancaster Neb. 625 467 592 -25% 27% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lincoln Neb. 117 108 105 -8% -3% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Burlington N.J. 375 263 372 -30% 41% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 12/3/21
Cumberland N.J. 337 251 285 -26% 14% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hunterdon N.J. 46 27 36 -41% 33% -22% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ocean N.J. 326 253 287 -22% 13% -12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sussex N.J. 75 42 59 -44% 40% -21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bernalillo N.M. 1680 1343 1266 -20% -6% -25% 3/10/20 7/6/20 12/6/20
Curry N.M. 183 158 155 -14% -2% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hobbs N.M. 11 21 18 91% -14% 64% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lea N.M. 234 132 139 -44% 5% -41% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
San Juan N.M. 508 318 442 -37% 39% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Monroe N.Y. 766 596 735 -22% 23% -4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clinton Ohio 80 55 41 -31% -25% -49% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Delaware Ohio 233 164 130 -30% -21% -44% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Erie Ohio 129 79 86 -39% 9% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Franklin Ohio 2002 1527 1638 -24% 7% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Guernsey Ohio 105 89 80 -15% -10% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hamilton Ohio 1499 1124 1349 -25% 20% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Morrow Ohio 104 59 52 -43% -12% -50% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pickaway Ohio 119 116 85 -3% -27% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wood Ohio 169 98 140 -42% 43% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Comanche Okla. 357 273 303 -24% 11% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Creek Okla. 225 144 229 -36% 59% 2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Garvin Okla. 67 57 67 -15% 18% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Mayes Okla. 77 97 79 26% -19% 3% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
McClain Okla. 96 64 71 -33% 11% -26% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Okmulgee Okla. 174 212 144 22% -32% -17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pottawatomie Okla. 203 191 215 -6% 13% 6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Baker Ore. 32 14 22 -56% 57% -31% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clackamas Ore. 427 186 232 -56% 25% -46% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clatsop Ore. 56 43 52 -23% 21% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Douglas Ore. 200 123 127 -39% 3% -37% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Harney Ore. 8 3 7 -63% 133% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jackson Ore. 321 260 258 -19% -1% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Josephine Ore. 185 154 100 -17% -35% -46% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Klamath Ore. 136 68 78 -50% 15% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lincoln Ore. 161 77 99 -52% 29% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Marion Ore. 420 277 311 -34% 12% -26% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Marion Work Center Ore. 90 39 42 -57% 8% -53% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Multnomah Ore. 1118 659 803 -41% 22% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Polk Ore. 109 63 66 -42% 5% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wasco Ore. 132 65 74 -51% 14% -44% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Washington Ore. 874 540 462 -38% -14% -47% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Yamhill Ore. 166 62 94 -63% 52% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cumberland Pa. 409 230 236 -44% 3% -42% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Dauphin Pa. 1110 867 1003 -22% 16% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lancaster Pa. 786 674 620 -14% -8% -21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Anderson City S.C. 95 84 101 -12% 20% 6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Berkeley S.C. 438 297 396 -32% 33% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cherokee S.C. 357 265 319 -26% 20% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Darlington S.C. 161 128 177 -20% 38% 10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Kershaw S.C. 80 86 94 8% 9% 18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Laurens S.C. 226 162 183 -28% 13% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lexington S.C. 498 312 444 -37% 42% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Marion S.C. 66 55 87 -17% 58% 32% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Pickens S.C. 302 226 221 -25% -2% -27% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sumter S.C. 309 266 287 -14% 8% -7% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
York Prison S.C. 61 7 27 -89% 286% -56% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clay S.D. 12 14 19 17% 36% 58% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Blount Tenn. 534 472 468 -12% -1% -12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Macon Tenn. 300 262 302 -13% 15% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Polk Tenn. 181 154 159 -15% 3% -12% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Shelby Tenn. 1807 1398 1225 -23% -12% -32% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wayne Tenn. 151 122 128 -19% 5% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Archer Texas 26 30 24 15% -20% -8% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Bell Texas 859 772 1041 -10% 35% 21% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Brown Texas 161 152 162 -6% 7% 1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Calhoun Texas 76 88 88 16% 0% 16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Cochran Texas 12 13 12 8% -8% 0% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Coleman Texas 33 30 38 -9% 27% 15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
DeWitt Texas 81 87 77 7% -11% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ellis Texas 375 301 372 -20% 24% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Erath Texas 79 64 68 -19% 6% -14% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Galveston Texas 991 845 983 -15% 16% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Hopkins Texas 159 185 166 16% -10% 4% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jim Wells Texas 61 56 55 -8% -2% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lavaca Texas 25 20 11 -20% -45% -56% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Liberty Texas 240 273 245 14% -10% 2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lubbock Texas 1242 1279 1218 3% -5% -2% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Milam Texas 137 141 159 3% 13% 16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Parmer Texas 28 22 21 -21% -5% -25% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Polk Texas 184 160 205 -13% 28% 11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Randall Texas 413 381 390 -8% 2% -6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Robertson Texas 43 36 60 -16% 67% 40% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Rockwall Texas 220 221 185 0% -16% -16% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Shelby Texas 37 39 0 5% -100% -100% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Terry Texas 83 89 92 7% 3% 11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Titus Texas 133 94 76 -29% -19% -43% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Tom Green Texas 392 420 441 7% 5% 13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Wharton Texas 145 103 103 -29% 0% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Salt Lake Utah 2138 1186 1439 -45% 21% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sanpete Utah 13 14 9 8% -36% -31% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Danville Va. 363 320 312 -12% -3% -14% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Middle Peninsula Va. 169 162 160 -4% -1% -5% 3/10/20 7/25/20* 1/20/21
Middle River Va. 900 729 852 -19% 17% -5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Norfolk Va. 935 684 981 -27% 43% 5% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Riverside Va. 1360 1144 1242 -16% 9% -9% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Roanoke Va. 173 146 172 -16% 18% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Virginia Beach Va. 1509 1142 1306 -24% 14% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/13/21
Western Virginia Va. 944 746 806 -21% 8% -15% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Chelan Wash. 190 156 154 -18% -1% -19% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clallam Forks Wash. 17 10 11 -41% 10% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Clark Wash. 655 422 428 -36% 1% -35% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Columbia Wash. 6 10 7 67% -30% 17% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Grays Harbor Wash. 177 140 125 -21% -11% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Grays Harbor Aberdeen Wash. 20 14 6 -30% -57% -70% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Grays Harbor Hoquiam Wash. 31 27 19 -13% -30% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Island Wash. 68 44 48 -35% 9% -29% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Jefferson Wash. 28 22 17 -21% -23% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
King Issaquah Wash. 56 33 29 -41% -12% -48% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Kitsap Wash. 379 233 277 -39% 19% -27% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lewis Wash. 191 168 153 -12% -9% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Okanogan Wash. 159 90 99 -43% 10% -38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Skagit Wash. 275 154 170 -44% 10% -38% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Skamania Wash. 24 22 12 -8% -45% -50% 3/10/20 7/6/20 12/29/20
Snohomish Wash. 743 440 454 -41% 3% -39% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Snohomish Lynnwood Wash. 49 9 15 -82% 67% -69% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Snohomish Marysville Wash. 35 10 5 -71% -50% -86% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Thurston Olympia Wash. 22 13 10 -41% -23% -55% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Walla Walla Wash. 83 74 75 -11% 1% -10% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Whatcom Wash. 292 205 223 -30% 9% -24% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Whitman Wash. 31 18 33 -42% 83% 6% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Yakima Wash. 871 444 585 -49% 32% -33% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Brown Wis. 699 586 692 -16% 18% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Douglas Wis. 156 113 155 -28% 37% -1% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Eau Claire Wis. 273 190 197 -30% 4% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
La Crosse Wis. 151 96 96 -36% 0% -36% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Lincoln Wis. 104 77 90 -26% 17% -13% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Manitowoc Wis. 204 178 146 -13% -18% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Milwaukee Wis. 1920 1506 1538 -22% 2% -20% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Ozaukee Wis. 195 160 160 -18% 0% -18% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Racine Wis. 753 578 672 -23% 16% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sawyer Wis. 114 87 82 -24% -6% -28% 3/10/20 7/6/20 1/20/21
Sheboygan Wis. 347 329 310 -5% -6% -11% 3/10/20 7/6/20 12/29/20

*Some jails did not have population data in the NYU database for the first Monday in July. We used the population for the closest date available for those jails.


Emily Widra is a Research Analyst at the Prison Policy Initiative. (Other articles | Full bio | Contact)



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