Indiana has an incarceration rate of 765 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than any democracy on earth. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in Indiana and why.
Jump to COVID-19 data.
47,000 people from Indiana are behind bars
Additionally, the number of people impacted by county and city jails in Indiana is much larger than the graph above would suggest, because people cycle through local jails relatively quickly. Each year, at least 122,000 different people are booked into local jails in Indiana.
Rates of imprisonment have grown dramatically in the last 40 years
Also see these Indiana graphs:
Today, Indiana’s incarceration rates stand out internationally
In the U.S., incarceration extends beyond prisons and local jails to include other systems of confinement. The U.S. and state incarceration rates in this graph include people held by these other parts of the justice system, so they may be slightly higher than the commonly reported incarceration rates that only include prisons and jails. Details on the data are available in States of Incarceration: The Global Context. We also have a version of this graph focusing on the incarceration of women.
People of color are overrepresented in prisons and jails
See also our detailed graphs about Whites
in Indiana prisons and jails.
Indiana's criminal justice system is more than just its prisons and jails
Data on COVID-19 in Indiana jails and prisons
We gave Indiana a failing grade in September 2021 for its response to the coronavirus in prisons, noting that:
- Indiana is one of only 8 state prison systems that did not offer free phone calls at any point during the pandemic.
- Indiana is one of 13 states that did not implement any policies to accelerate releases, promote medical parole or compassionate release, prevent incarceration for technical violations of probation and parole, or hasten releases for people incarcerated on minor offenses.
For more detail, see our report States of Emergency. Or check out these other resources:
- During the pandemic, Indiana suspended medical copays for incarcerated people seeking treatment for COVID-like symptoms. It should end these copays completely.
- Our Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic page tracks criminal justice policy responses to the coronavirus all 50 states
- Prisons are COVID-19 hotspots, but as of mid-May 2021, only 43% of people in Indiana prisons had gotten a vaccine
- As of late April 2021, only 46% of corrections staff in Indiana prisons had gotten the COVID-19 vaccine
- How crowded are Indiana prisons, as of December 2020?
- How many COVID-19 cases in Indiana communities can be linked to outbreaks in correctional facilities? (data from our report Mass Incarceration, COVID-19, and Community Spread)
- As of August 2020, Indiana prisons were not even requiring staff to wear masks at work
- State prison and jail population data for February 2022. (Previous data is available for October 2021, June 2021, February 2021, December 2020, September 2020, August 2020, and May 2020.) Data availability varies by state.
Our other articles about Indiana