Indiana has an incarceration rate of 723 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than many wealthy democracies do. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in Indiana and why.
Jump to COVID-19 data.
47,000 people from Indiana are behind bars
Additionally, the number of people impacted by county and city jails in Indiana is much larger than the graph above would suggest, because people cycle through local jails relatively quickly. Each year, at least 122,000 different people are booked into local jails in Indiana.
Rates of imprisonment have grown dramatically in the last 40 years
Also see these Indiana graphs:
Today, Indiana’s incarceration rates stand out internationally
In the U.S., incarceration extends beyond prisons and local jails to include other systems of confinement. The U.S. and state incarceration rates in this graph include people held by these other parts of the justice system, so they may be slightly higher than the commonly reported incarceration rates that only include prisons and jails. Details on the data are available in States of Incarceration: The Global Context. We also have a version of this graph focusing on the incarceration of women.
People of color are overrepresented in prisons and jails
See also our detailed graphs about Whites
in Indiana prisons and jails.
Indiana's criminal justice system is more than just its prisons and jails
Data on COVID-19 in Indiana jails and prisons
If you're looking for case or death counts, our friends at the COVID-19 Behind Bars Data Project have a detailed spreadsheet whose numbers may be as current as (or more current than) the state prison system's own data. To learn how Indiana ranks on other important pandemic-related issues, see our resources below:
- Our Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic page tracks criminal justice policy responses to the coronavirus all 50 states
- Prisons are COVID-19 hotspots, but as of mid-May, only 43% of people in Indiana prisons had gotten a vaccine
- As of late April, only 46% of corrections staff in Indiana prisons had gotten the COVID-19 vaccine
- We gave Indiana a failing grade for its response to the coronavirus in jails and prisons, and compared it to other states
- How crowded are Indiana prisons, as of December 2020?
- How many COVID-19 cases in Indiana communities can be linked to outbreaks in correctional facilities? (data from our report Mass Incarceration, COVID-19, and Community Spread)
- As of August 2020, Indiana prisons were not even requiring staff to wear masks at work
- We're tracking Indiana's medical copay policies in prisons during the pandemic
- State prison and jail population data for May, August, September, and December 2020 (data availability varies by state)
Our other articles about Indiana