Pennsylvania has an incarceration rate of 725 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than many wealthy democracies do. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in Pennsylvania and why.
Are you looking for information on what jails and prisons in Pennsylvania are doing to stop COVID-19? See our regularly-updated coronavirus response page.
96,000 people from Pennsylvania are behind bars
Continue reading for more data on Pennsylvania's prison and jail populations, as well as the number of people on probation and parole. You can also see data for another state or for the U.S. in general. And if you don’t find what you’re looking for here, try our Research Library.
Rates of imprisonment have grown dramatically in the last 40 years
Also see these Pennsylvania graphs:
Today, Pennsylvania’s incarceration rates stand out internationally
In the U.S., incarceration extends beyond prisons and local jails to include other systems of confinement. The U.S. and state incarceration rates in this graph include people held by these other parts of the justice system, so they may be slightly higher than the commonly reported incarceration rates that only include prisons and jails. Details on the data are available in States of Incarceration: The Global Context. We also have a version of this graph focusing on the incarceration of women.
People of color are overrepresented in prisons and jails
See also our detailed graphs about Whites,
in Pennsylvania prisons and jails.
Pennsylvania's criminal justice system is more than just its prisons and jails
Our other articles about Pennsylvania