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Research Library:

Our mission is to empower activists, journalists, and policymakers to shape effective criminal justice policy, so we go beyond our original reports and analyses to curate a database of virtually all the empirical criminal justice research available online.

Tips: If you know what you are looking for, you may also search the database. We also have an email newsletter (at right)(at bottom) for new research library updates.


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Some of the most recently added reports are:

Friday, November 4 2022:

  • A community response approach to mental health and substance abuse crises reduced crime Thomas S. Dee and James Pyne. June, 2022. "We find that the program led to large and sustained reductions in reports of STAR-related offenses (disorderly conduct, substance use) in treated precincts, while unrelated offenses over the treatment period changed little in those same police precincts."
  • Voices from Within the Federal Bureau of Prisons: A System Designed to Silence and Dehumanize, More than Our Crimes and Washington Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights and Urban Affairs. September, 2022. "We hope these stories provoke deep thinking about what is going on behind all those fortress walls, to these invisible fellow Americans, and then compel you to demand both accountability for the FBOP and change in how we incarcerate in this country."
  • Provision of Air Conditioning and Heat-Related Mortality in Texas Prisons Julianna Skarha et al. November, 2022. "We found that 13% of mortality during warm months may be attributable to extreme heat in prisons without air conditioning in Texas. This is approximately a 30-fold increase in heat-attributed deaths when compared with estimates in the US population."
  • Prison Labor in Arizona: A year-long investigation, Paywall :( Arizona Republic and KJZZ News. July, 2022. "The Republic's and KJZZ's five-part series reveals the detrimental effects of what happens when a state exploits some of its poorest people for their labor."
  • Electronic Monitoring Fees: A 50-State Survey of the Costs Assessed to People on E-Supervision, Fines and Fees Justice Center. September, 2022. "Broad language in state statutes and rules often gives local governments considerable latitude in determining how much to charge. From a limited review of 31 local jurisdictions with EM programs, fees ranged from less than $1 a day up to $40 per day"
  • Criminal Justice Through Management: From Police, Prosecutors, Courts, and Prisons to a Modern Administrative Agency, Edward L. Rubin and Malcolm M. Feeley. September, 2022. "We recommend that the criminal justice system of each state be redesigned and restructured as a single administrative agency...We offer this as a standard for assessment of the present system, a way to highlight dysfunction and suggest much-needed reform."
  • Justice System Disparities: Black-White National Imprisonment Trends, 2000 to 2020, Council on Criminal Justice. September, 2022. "Faster growth in the nation's Black adult resident population contributed more to its respective imprisonment rate decline than did the White adult resident population growth."
  • Voting From Jail (Working Paper), Anna Harvey and Orion Taylor. October, 2022. "Registered voters booked into county jails for the full duration of 2020 voting days were on average 46% less likely to vote in 2020, relative to registered voters booked into the same jails within 7-42 days after Election Day."
  • Exceptionally Lethal: American Police Killings in a Comparative Perspective, Paul J. Hirschfield. September, 2022. "Cross-national comparative analyses can help identify stable and malleable factors that distinguish high-FPV (fatal police violence) from low-FPV countries."
  • Reducing Deaths in Law Enforcement Custody: Identifying High-Priority Needs for the Criminal Justice System, Duren Banks et al. October, 2022. "[Interview and virtual group] Participants concurred that there is currently insufficient data to study the effectiveness of any policies or programs designed to reduce law enforcement-related deaths."
  • Justice by Geography: The Role of Monetary Sanctions Across Communities, Gabriela Kirk et al. January, 2022. "Our finding that acquaintanceship density influences both the role and nature of monetary sanctions provides a fuller picture of the factors that lead to varying local legal cultures surrounding monetary sanctions."
  • Obscuring the Truth: How Misinformation is Skewing the Conversation about Pretrial Justice Reforms in Illinois, End Money Bond. October, 2022. "By detailing how misinformation shaped the public debate of pretrial justice reforms in Cook County, we hope to arm journalists with the resources needed to cover the statewide reforms included in the Pretrial Fairness Act."
  • Race and Wrongful Convictions in the United States, 2022 National Registry of Exonerations. September, 2022. "Innocent Black people are 19 times more likely to be convicted of drug crimes than innocent whites--a much larger disparity than we see for murder and rape-- despite the fact that white and Black Americans use illegal drugs at similar rates."


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