Research Library:

Our mission is to empower activists, journalists, and policymakers to shape effective criminal justice policy, so we go beyond our original reports and analyses to curate a database of virtually all the empirical criminal justice research available online.

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Some of the most recently added reports are:

Tuesday, April 16 2024:

  • Gender Differences in the Determinants of Prison Rule Violations Katarzyna Celinska & Hung-En Sung. 2014. "Women averaged 1.96 infractions per person who violated a rule as compared with the rate of 2.27 infractions per person who violated a rule found among men. Women in prison were not only less likely to break rules but also did so less frequently than men."
  • Sex Differences in the Effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Institutional Misconduct among Adults in Prison Minnesota Department of Corrections. March, 2024. "In a sample of more than 6,000 men in MN prisons, men who reported 4 or more adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) had a 30% increase in the hazard of any type of disciplinary conviction (DC) compared to those with 0 ACEs"
  • Degrees of difference: Do college credentials earned behind bars improve labor market outcomes?, Abby Ballou. March, 2024. "Employers presented with an applicant who earned a bachelor's degree or sub-baccalaureate certificate in prison had a 42 percent higher odds of indicating willingness to call back the applicant, compared to an applicant with a GED (p = .001)."
  • Incarceration History and Access to and Receipt of Health Care in the US Jingxuan Zhao, Jessica Star, Xuesong Han, Zhiyuan Zheng, Qinjin Fan, Sylvia Kewei Shi, Stacey A. Fedewa, K. Robin Yabroff, Leticia M. Nogueira. February, 2024. "People with incarceration history had lower percentages of having a usual source of care or receiving preventive services: physical exams, blood pressure, cholesterol, or glucose tests, dental check ups, & breast and colorectal cancer screenings."
  • Mortality Among Individuals Released from U.S. Prisons: Does Military History Matter?, Minnesota Department of Corrections. November, 2023. "When model specification was improved by accounting for the sociodemographic and legal histories of returnees, we found that veterans showed no greater or less risk of mortality compared to non-veterans."
  • Hepatitis C Epidemiology in a Large Urban Jail: A Changing Demographic, Emily Hoff, Andrea Warden, Ruby Taylor, and Ank E. Nijhawan. March, 2022. "Among people in Dallas County Jail from 2015-19, HCV antibody positivity was significantly associated with older age, female sex, non-Hispanic White race versus non-Hispanic Black race, & being released to prison versus not."
  • Jail Conditions And Mortality: Death Rates Associated With Turnover, Jail Size, And Population Characteristics, Jessica L. Adler and Weiwei Chen. June, 2023. "Jails with higher turnover rates, capacity occupied, & populations were more likely to have higher overall mortality. Deaths due to suicide, drugs and alcohol, and homicide showed a significant association with high turnover."
  • Lifetime and Jail-Specific Suicidal Ideation: Prevalence and Correlates in a Sample of People in Jail in the United States, Bryce E. Stoliker, Haile Wangler, Frances P. Abderhalden, and Lisa M. Jewell. April, 2023. "Approximately 45% of the 196 people sampled reported a lifetime history of suicidal ideation (SI) & 30% reported SI during the current incarceration... Those who identified as non-men reported a higher prevalence than men on lifetime and jail-specific SI"
  • The deadliest local police departments kill 6.91 times more frequently than the least deadly departments... Josh Leung-Gagne. 2024. "The deadliest police departments [in the U.S.] kill 6.91 times more frequently than the least deadly departments, after accounting for variation in risk to officers and trauma care access."
  • Homicides involving Black victims are less likely to be cleared in the United States Paywall :( Gian Maria Campedelli. February, 2024. "The likelihood of a homicide clearance is 3.4 to 4.8 percent lower for homicides involving Black victims, and this race effect is slightly higher for males and that racial disparity has moderately but significantly increased over time."
  • Reducing Missed Appointments for Probation and Parole Supervision: a Randomized Experiment with Text Message Reminders, Charise Hastings, Chris Thomas, Michael Ostermann, Jordan M. Hyatt, & Steve Payne. December, 2021. "The best attendance of scheduled probation/parole meetings was found in the treatment group assigned to late text reminders 1 day before the appointment. That group had 29% fewer no-shows and 21% fewer cancelled appointments than the control group."

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