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Our mission is to empower activists, journalists, and policymakers to shape effective criminal justice policy, so we go beyond our original reports and analyses to curate a database of virtually all the empirical criminal justice research available online.

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Some of the most recently added reports are:

Thursday, September 22 2022:

  • Repurposing Correctional Facilities to Strengthen Communities Sentencing Project. August, 2022. "Prison capacity nationwide has been reduced by 81,444 beds [between 2000 and 2022]. Jurisdictions seeking support to finance prison reuse can access federal resources to purchase, construct, or improve designated facilities or provide related services."
  • Time-In-Cell: A 2021 Snapshot of Restrictive Housing based on a Nationwide Survey of U.S. Prison Systems, The Correctional Leaders Association & The Arthur Liman Center for Public Interest Law at Yale Law School. August, 2022. "In 2012, few statutes focused on the use of restrictive housing. Between 2018 and 2020, when the last report was published, legislators in more than 25 states introduced bills to limit the use of restrictive housing, and some fifteen enacted legislation."
  • Identifying the Impact of Incarceration on Parenting: An Examination of Incarcerated Parents' Perceptions in the "Reading for a Change" Program in Colorado, Paywall :( Kyle C. Ward et al. August, 2022. "Using semi-structured interviews, incarcerated parents...indicated considerable barriers to visits, high costs of keeping in touch, significant impacts on the family at home..."
  • HIV in Prisons, 2020 - Statistical Tables Bureau of Justice Statistics. May, 2022. "From 2016 to 2020, the number of male prisoners who had HIV declined an average of 6% per year, while the number of female prisoners with HIV declined 10% per year on average."
  • Federal Justice Statistics, 2020 Bureau of Justice Statistics. May, 2022. "Of the 346,681 persons under federal correctional control at fiscal year-end 2020, about 56% were in secure confinement and 44% were on community supervision."
  • First Report of the Task Force on Issues Faced by TGNCNBI People in Custody Task Force on Issues Faced by TGNCNBI People in Custody. August, 2022. (This report details findings and recommendations of the Task Force on Issues Faced by Transgender, Gender Non-Conforming, Non-Binary, and Intersex (TGNCNBI) People in Custody, created to assess conditions and policies in New York City jails.)
  • Criminal Violations Jacob Schuman. February, 2022. "While technical violations [of supervised release] punish non-criminal behavior, criminal violations drive punishment by increasing sentences for criminal convictions and making punishing crimes easier."
  • The Limits of Recidivism: Measuring Success After Prison, Richard Rosenfeld and Amanda Grigg, eds., National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. May, 2022. "We must move beyond the recidivism rate to adequately measure post-release criminal behavior, which will require reversing the polarity of recidivism from failure to success."
  • Inmate Assistance Programs: Toward a Less Punitive and More Effective Criminal Justice System, Murat C. Mungan, Erkmen Giray Aslim, and Yijia Lu. July, 2022. "The cost savings from reducing sentences...can be used to finance [Inmate Assistance Programs] without significantly affecting deterrence due to the ineffectiveness of lengthy imprisonment sentences."
  • Does distance decrease healthcare options for pregnant, incarcerated people? Mapping the distance between abortion providers and prisons, Paywall :( Julia Gips, Kevin J. Psoter, and Carolyn Sufrin. April, 2020. "We georeferenced 643 abortion clinics, 75 state prisons and 20 federal prisons. The farthest minimum distance between a state prison and abortion clinic was 383 miles; the shortest was 2.2 miles."
  • Justice for Girls Blueprint: The Way Forward for Florida, Delores Barr Weaver Policy Center. July, 2022. "Statewide, Black girls make up only 21% of girls ages 10-17, but they represent 45% of the girls who were arrested, 52% of girls on probation caseloads, 47% of girls incarcerated, and 52% of the girls transferred into the adult criminal justice system."
  • Diversion: A Hidden Key to Combating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Juvenile Justice, Sentencing Project. August, 2022. "Nationwide in 2019, 52% of delinquency cases involving white youth were handled informally (diverted), far higher than the share of cases diverted involving Black youth (40%)."
  • Extended Injustice: Court Fines and Fees for Young People are Counterproductive, Particularly Harm Black Young People, Families, and Communi, The Commonwealth Institute. July, 2022. "While detailed Virginia data on the impact of juvenile court fines and fees by race is not available, analyses from other states shows that Black youth pay the highest amount in fines as a result of greater frequency and duration of probation conditions."

Tuesday, September 20 2022:

  • But Who Oversees the Overseers?: The Status of Prison and Jail Oversight in the United States, Michele Deitch. October, 2020. "External oversight is a cost-effective tool that jurisdictions can adopt to combat negative correctional outcomes and maximize positive ones."
  • The Effects of Misdemeanor Bail Reform Paul Heaton, University of Pennsylvania Law School Quattrone Center for the Fair Administration of Justice. August, 2022. "Misdemeanor pretrial reform produced more lenient outcomes and reduced the system's imprint without adversely impacting public safety."
  • Racial equity in eligibility for a clean slate under automatic criminal record relief laws Paywall :( Alyssa C. Mooney, Alissa Skog, and Amy E. Lerman. August, 2022. "In California, one in five people with convictions met criteria for full conviction relief under the state's automatic relief laws. Yet the share of Black Americans eligible for relief was lower than White Americans..."
  • Three Strikes in California Mia Bird et al., California Policy Lab. August, 2022. "Nearly 65% of admissions to prison with a doubled-sentence enhancement [under the Three-Strikes law] are for a non-violent, non-serious offense."

Friday, September 16 2022:

  • Shifting Power: The Impact of Incarceration on Political Representation, Brianna Remster and Rory Kramer. April, 2019. "Drawing on data from the Census, Pennsylvania Dept. of Corrections, and Pennsylvania Redistricting Commission, we develop a counterfactual framework to examine whether removing and returning prisoners to their home districts affects equal representation."
  • The Usual, Racialized, Suspects: The Consequence of Police Contacts with Black and White Youth on Adult Arrest, Anne McGlynn-Wright, Robert D Crutchfield, Martie L Skinner, Kevin P Haggerty. May, 2022. "Our findings indicate that police encounters in childhood increase the risk of arrest in young adulthood for Black but not White respondents."
  • Sentence Length and Recidivism: A Review of the Research, Elizabeth Berger and Kent Scheidegger. June, 2021. "While some findings suggest that longer sentences may provide additional deterrent benefit in the aggregate, this effect is not always consistent or strong."
  • Correctional Medical Care for Female Prisoners: Legal Issues Surrounding Inadequate Treatment of Chronic and/or Preexisting Health Conditions, Paywall :( Chelsi Lamberton and Michael S. Vaughn. June, 2022. "Through the lens of federal court litigation...this article discusses women who brought legal challenges, questioning the adequacy of correctional medical care rendered to their chronic and preexisting health conditions."


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