Research Library:

Our mission is to empower activists, journalists, and policymakers to shape effective criminal justice policy, so we go beyond our original reports and analyses to curate a database of virtually all the empirical criminal justice research available online.

Tips: If you know what you are looking for, you may also search the database. We also have an email newsletter (at right)(at bottom) for new research library updates.


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Some of the most recently added reports are:

Friday, January 27 2023:

  • Changes in the Use of Telehealth Services and Use of Technology for Communication in U.S. Community Supervision Agencies Since COVID-19, Jill Viglione and Thuy Nguyen. May, 2022. "Our results indicated that agencies who implemented more COVID-19 mitigation strategies were more likely to institute changes to meet more safely face-to-face with individuals on supervision."
  • Inside Illinois Civil Commitment: Treatment Behind Razor Wire, Civil Commitment Working Group Illinois. November, 2022. "While anecdotal reports do reflect incremental improvements to conditions after recent leadership changes at Rushville, the fact remains that Rushville is not a treatment center, it is a prison full of people who are serving de facto life sentences."
  • Department of Corrections: Significant Deficiencies Demonstrate Need for Overhaul of the Prisoner Grievance Process Vermont State Auditor's Office. December, 2022. "The recordkeeping system that DOC uses to collect information on grievances-- the Offender Management System (OMS)--does not have reliable, basic information to determine the number, type, status, or outcome of prisoner grievances."
  • Using the Americans with Disabilities Act to Reduce Overdose Deaths David Howard Sinkman and Gregory Dorchak. January, 2022. "The Department [of Justice] has a powerful enforcement tool to address the opioid crisis: helping jails and prisons satisfy their obligations under the Americans with Disabilities Act by providing all medications used to treat Opioid Use Disorder (OUD)."
  • History of Incarceration and Its Association With Geriatric and Chronic Health Outcomes in Older Adulthood Ilana R. Grossman et al. January, 2023. "In this study, at least 1 in 15 older US adults reported a history of incarceration in their lifetime. Past incarceration was associated with many chronic diseases and geriatric syndromes even after accounting for socioeconomic status."
  • Can There Be Acceptable Prison Health Care? Looking Back on the 1970s, Susan M. Reverby. January, 2019. "[Formerly incarcerated physician Alan] Berkman's argument--that control rather than care underlies the medical rationale in prison health care--still undermines humane treatment of incarcerated people."
  • Legal Reactivity: Correctional Health Care Certifications as Responses to Litigation, Spencer Headworth and Callie Zaborenko. August, 2021. "We find that corrections actors tend to adopt [third-party correctional health care] certifications when directly threatened by elevated rates of litigation in their states."
  • Right to a Healthy Prison Environment: Health Care in Custody Under the Prism of Torture, Juan E. Mendez. January, 2019. "A healthy [prison] environment requires structural integrity of prison systems, access to me"
  • Performance Measures for Medication-assisted Treatment in Correctional Settings: A Framework for Implementation, Legislative Analysis and Public Policy Association. December, 2022. "An individual released from custody may not realize that even brief incarcerations could result in reduced tolerance levels and resuming use at the same rate and/or dose of pre-incarceration, leading to a fatal unintentional overdose."
  • The benefits of live court date reminder phone calls during pretrial case processing Springer Paywall :( Russell Ferri. March, 2022. "Court date reminders [via phone call] reduced the FTA rate by 37%. The results suggest the timing of the reminders was not important."
  • An eye on reform: Examining decisions, procedures, and outcomes of the Oregon Board of Parole and Post-Prison Supervision release process, Christopher M. Campbell et al. September, 2022. "All interviewees discussed how "articulating their rehabilitation" or "demonstrated insight" were both critical in the process and yet very difficult to achieve, often due to poor communication skills."
  • Reducing Racial Inequality in Crime and Justice National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. November, 2022. "This report offers an account of the research evidence that can inform the public conversation and the policy discussion over reducing racial inequality in the criminal justice system and advancing racial equity."
  • Racial Disparities in the Administration of Discipline in New York State Prisons State of New York Offices of the Inspector General. November, 2022. "Of DOCCS employees who issued 50 or more Misbehavior Reports during the period reviewed, 226 employees issued them to only non-White incarcerated individuals, including 114 employees who issued them to only Black or Hispanic incarcerated individuals."
  • Sticky Stigma: The Impact of Incarceration on Perceptions of Personality Traits and Deservingness, Paywall :( Bridget Brew et al. July, 2021. "Members of marginalized groups who are most likely to experience incarceration or have an incarcerated loved one continue to face informal social exclusion and the attendant consequences long after the formal punishment."
  • Final Report of the Illinois Resentencing Task Force Illinois Resentencing Task Force. December, 2022. "A resentencing system that allows both prospective and retroactive application will have the greatest impact on the prison population and address the disparate impact of mass incarceration."
  • Reflections on Long Prison Sentences: A Conversation with Crime Survivors, Formerly Incarcerated People, and Family Members, Susan Howley, Council on Criminal Justice. January, 2022. "Most participants across the two groups said they did not equate long sentences with accountability."
  • No Justice, No Pleas: Subverting Mass Incarceration Through Defendant Collective Action, Andrew Manuel Crespo. April, 2022. "Courts and prosecutors simply do not have the resources to sustain mass incarceration while affording everyone accused of a crime the constitutionally guaranteed right to a trial."
  • Pregnancy, Systematic Disregard and Degradation, and Carceral Institutions Lauren Kuhlik and Carolyn Sufrin. 2020. "We describe violations of constitutional and clinical standards of reproductive care behind bars... these reproductive coercions are grounded in historical legacies of slavery and the ongoing reproductive control of black and other marginalized bodies."


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