New York profile
New York has an incarceration rate of 376 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than almost any democracy on earth. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in New York and why.
Jump to COVID-19 data.
92,000 people from New York are behind bars
Additionally, the number of people impacted by county and city jails in New York is much larger than the graph above would suggest, because people cycle through local jails relatively quickly. Each year, at least 267,000 different people are booked into local jails in New York.
Rates of imprisonment have grown dramatically in the last 40 years
Also see these New York graphs:
Today, New York’s incarceration rates stand out internationally
In the U.S., incarceration extends beyond prisons and local jails to include other systems of confinement. The U.S. and state incarceration rates in this graph include people held by these other parts of the justice system, so they may be slightly higher than the commonly reported incarceration rates that only include prisons and jails. Details on the data are available in States of Incarceration: The Global Context. We also have a version of this graph focusing on the incarceration of women.
People of color are overrepresented in prisons and jails
See also our detailed graphs about Whites,
in New York prisons and jails.
New York's criminal justice system is more than just its prisons and jails
Data on COVID-19 in New York jails and prisons
We gave New York a failing grade in September 2021 for its response to the coronavirus in prisons, noting that:
- New York released fewer people on parole in 2020 than they had in 2019, and approved a smaller percent of parole applications.
- New York was one of 15 prison systems that — as of September 2021 — had not yet vaccinated more than 60% of the incarcerated population.
For more detail, see our September 2021 report States of Emergency.
More resources about New York prisons and COVID-19:
Our other articles about New York
Prison and jail phone calls in New York
Prison-based gerrymandering in New York