New York has an incarceration rate of 376 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than almost any democracy on earth. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in New York and why.
Additionally, the number of people impacted by county and city jails in New York is much larger than the graph above would suggest, because people cycle through local jails relatively quickly. Each year, at least 267,000 different people are booked into local jails in New York.
Using 2020 census data, we looked at where people in New York prisons come from. We found they come from all corners of the state, but disproportionately Upstate and traditionally under-resourced communities.
Also see these New York graphs:
See also our detailed graphs about Whites, Hispanics, and Blacks in New York prisons and jails.
Prisons and jails in New York are increasingly shifting the cost of incarceration to people behind bars and their families, hiding the true economic costs of mass incarceration:
We gave New York a failing grade in September 2021 for its response to the coronavirus in prisons, noting that:
For more detail, see our September 2021 report States of Emergency.
More resources about New York prisons and COVID-19: