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Crime and Crime Rates

Information on type of crime/frequency

  • The Geography of Incarceration in a Gateway City: The Cost and Consequences of High Incarceration Rate Neighborhoods in Worcester MassINC, September, 2017(The analysis explores the cost and consequences of high incarceration rates in Worcester neighborhoods, offering vital information for policymakers crafting comprehensive criminal justice reform legislation.)
  • The impacts of incarceration on crime Open Philanthropy Project, September, 2017“The best estimate of the impact of additional incarceration on crime in the United States today is zero. And, while that estimate is not certain, there is as much reason overall to believe that incarceration increases crime as decreases it.”
  • Summary of School Safety Statistics National Institute of Justice, July, 2017“On the national level, crime at K-12 schools in the U.S., including violent crime, decreased from 1992 to 2013. Though violent crime against students increased from 2010 to 2013, the violent crime rate in 2013 was still lower than in 1992.”
  • Tribal Cime Data Collection Activities, 2017 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2017“At midyear 2015, an estimated 2,510 inmates were confined in 76 Indian country jails. This was a 5.5% increase from the 2,380 inmates confined at midyear 2014 in 79 facilities.”
  • The Prison Paradox: More Incarceration Will Not Make Us Safer Vera Institute of Justice, July, 2017“The impact of incarceration on crime is limited and has been diminishing for several years. Increased incarceration has no effect on violent crime and may actually lead to higher crime rates when incarceration is concentrated in certain communities.”
  • Crime Against Persons with Disabilities, 2009-2015 - Statistical Tables Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2017“In 2015, the rate of violent victimization against persons with disabilities (29.5 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older) was 2.5 times higher than the rate for persons without disabilities (11.8 per 1,000).”
  • Measuring Public Safety: Responsibly Interpreting Statistics on Violent Crime Vera Institute of Justice, July, 2017“With a few exceptions that require targeted attention, violent crime rates are lower today than they have been at any point over the past four decades.”
  • Hate Crime Victimization, 2004-2015 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2017“In 2015, the rate of violent hate crime victimization was 0.7 hate crimes per 1,000 persons age 12 or older.”
  • PREA Data Collection Activities, 2017 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2017“Rates of youth-on-youth sexual assault in female-only juvenile facilities (5.3%) were more than three times greater than those in male-only facilities (1.5%).”
  • How Safe are Americans with Disabilities?: The Facts About Violent Crime and Their Implications Vera Institute of Justice, April, 2017“This brief provides basic information on disability in the United States. It explores what is known about violent victimization of people with disabilities and the factors that contribute to their higher risk of experiencing violent crime.”
  • Bullies in Blue: Origins and Consequences of School Policing American Civil Liberties Union, April, 2017“[A]t at its origins, school policing enforced social control over Black and Latino youth who could no longer be kept out of neighborhoods and schools through explicitly discriminatory laws.”
  • Ohio's Statehouse-to-Prison Pipeline: 131st General Assembly (2015-2016) ACLU of Ohio, March, 2017“These laws often use incarceration to address public health issues like addiction, mental health, and poverty, which only serves to exacerbate those problems.”(The ACLU of Ohio reviewed all 1,004 bills introduced during the 2015-2016 legislative session and found nearly one in 10 included language to lock more people up longer.)
  • A New Normal: Helping the Criminal Justice System Address Opioid Overdoses Vera Institute of Justice, February, 2017“[O]ver the last decade communities and public officials have increasingly called for an approach to drug use that employs harm reduction principles, making the issue a public health concern rather than one to be managed by the criminal justice system.”
  • How Do People in High-Crime, Low-Income Communities View the Police? Urban Institute, February, 2017“27.8% of respondents agreed/strongly agreed that police almost always behave according to the law. Approximately one-third agreed or strongly agreed that police stand up for values that are important to them and often arrest people for no good reason.”
  • Caged In: Solitary Confinement's Devastating Harm on Prisoners with Physical Disabilities American Civil Liberties Union, January, 2017“In Florida, only 44 of 792 grievances by prisoners with disabilities were resolved from 2013 to 2015.”
  • Declining Drug Enforcement After Proposition 47 Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, January, 2017“The county data suggests [that] Proposition 47 reduced inconsistencies in the classification of drug possession offenses as felonies or misdemeanors.”
  • Building Trust and Legitimacy Within Community Corrections Harvard Kennedy School Program in Criminal Justice, December, 2016“A shift from incarceration to community corrections could present numerous opportunities for reform of the criminal justice system as well as significant challenges.”
  • How Many Americans Are Unnecessarily Incarcerated? Brennan Center for Justice, December, 2016“Nearly 40 percent of the U.S. prison population — 576,000 people — are behind bars with no compelling public safety reason.”
  • Trends in Admission To The New York City Department of Correction 1995-2015 Misdemeanor Justice Project at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, December, 2016“From 1995 to 2015, the number of annual admissions to the New York City DOC dropped by nearly half (46.9 percent) from 121,328 to 64,458 admissions.”
  • The Geography of Incarceration: Boston Indicators Project, MassINC, and the Massachusetts Criminal Justice Reform Coalition, November, 2016“Many people of color live in Boston neighborhoods with such highly concentrated rates of incarceration that nearly every street—in some cases every other building— contains a resident who has been incarcerated.”
  • Crime Against Persons with Disabilities, 2009-2014 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2016“40% of violence against persons with disabilities was committed by persons the victim knew well or who were casual acquaintances.”
  • Every 25 Seconds: The Human Toll of Criminalizing Drug Use in the United States Human Rights Watch and the ACLU, October, 2016“More than one of every nine arrests by state law enforcement is for drug possession, amounting to more than 1.25 million arrests each year.”
  • Violent Crime Arrests of Youth in California: Expected to Decline Through 2020 Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, October, 2016“Based on the declining rates of youth arrest over the last several decades, California can expected continued decline and historically low rates of violent felony arrest of youth through 2020.”
  • Driving While Black: A Report on Racial Profiling in Metro Nashville Police Department Traffic Stops Gideon's Army, October, 2016“Between 2011-2015, MNPD (Metro Nashville Police Department) stopped an average of 1,122 per 1,000 black drivers: more black drivers than were living in Davidson County.”
  • Crime in 2016: A Preliminary Analysis Brennan Center for Justice, September, 2016“The data analyzed for this report suggest that most Americans will continue to experience low rates of crime.”
  • Recidivism of Offenders Placed on Federal Community Supervision in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2016“Overall, 35% of these offenders were arrested within 3 years and 43% were arrested within 5 years of placement on community supervision.”
  • Raising Cain: The Role of Serious Mental Illness in Family Homicides Treatment Advocacy Center, June, 2016“[T]his is the first study of the role of serious mental illness in all family homicides.”
  • Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2015 United States Sentencing Commission, June, 2016“The 71,003 individual original cases reported to the Commission in fiscal year 2015 represent a decrease of 4,833 (6.4%) cases from fiscal year 2014.”
  • Is Downsizing Prisons Dangerous? The Effect of California's Realignment Act on Public Safety Criminology and Public Policy, May, 2016“Significant reductions in the size of prison populations are possible without endangering public safety.”
  • Police Integrity Lost: A Study of Law Enforcement Officers Arrested U.S. Department of Justice, April, 2016“This study is a quantitative content analysis of archived news articles and court records reporting on the arrest(s) of law enforcement officers in the United States from 2005-2011.”
  • Crime in 2015: A Final Analysis Brennan Center for Justice, April, 2016“The data analyzed in this update support the initial report’s conclusion that Americans continue to experience low crime rates.”
  • Economic Perspectives on Incarceration and the Criminal Justice System White House Council of Economic Advisers, April, 2016“[E]conomics can provide a valuable lens for evaluating the costs and benefits of criminal justice policy.”
  • Is Proposition 47 to Blame for California's 2015 Increase in Urban Crime? Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, March, 2016“There are no obvious effects associated with Proposition 47 that would be expected if the reform had a significant and consistent impact on crime.”
  • The Effects of Changing State Theft Penalties The Pew Charitable Trusts, February, 2016“The Pew Charitable Trusts examined crime trends in the 23 states that raised their felony theft thresholds between 2001 and 2011[.]”
  • Is Downsizing Prisons Dangerous? The Effect of California's Realignment Act on Public Safety Criminology and Public Policy, February, 2016“Significant reductions in the size of prison populations are possible without endangering public safety.”
  • Was there a Ferguson Effect on crime rates in large U.S. cities? Journal of Criminal Justice, February, 2016“Our findings are largely consistent with longstanding criminological knowledge that changes in crime trends are slow and rarely a product of random shocks.”
  • Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report, January-June, 2015 Federal Bureau of Investigation, January, 2016(Preliminary figures indicate that law enforcement agencies throughout the nation showed an overall increase of 1.7 percent in the number of violent crimes brought to their attention for the first 6 months of 2015 when compared with the same time in 2014.)
  • Tracking Enforcement Rates in New York City 2003-2014 Misdemeanor Justice Project at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, December, 2015“This third report from the Misdemeanor Justice Project documents the changing patterns in felony arrests, misdemeanor arrests, criminal summonses, and stop, question and frisk activities in New York City from 2003-2014.”
  • Developmental Estimates of Subnational Crime Rates Based on the National Crime Victimization Survey Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2015“Developmental Estimates of Subnational Crime Rates Based on the National Crime Victimization Survey presents rates of violent and property crime victimization for the 50 states and select metropolitan statistical areas.”
  • Crime in 2015: A Preliminary Analysis Brennan Center for Justice, November, 2015“Crime overall in 2015 is expected to be largely unchanged from last year, decreasing 1.5 percent.”
  • Changing Gears: California's Shift to Smart Justice ACLU of California, November, 2015“By June 2015, almost 160,000 petitions had been filed to reduce a felony to a misdemeanor.”
  • Hate Crime Statistics, 2014 Federal Bureau of Investigation, November, 2015“Of the 5,462 single-bias incidents reported in 2014, 47 percent were racially motivated. Other motivators included sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, gender identity, disability, and gender.”
  • Public Safety Realignment: Impacts So Far Public Policy Institute of California, September, 2015“Realignment did not increase violent crime, but auto thefts rose. Research so far shows no dramatic change in recidivism rates.”
  • Multistate Criminal History Patterns of Prisoners Released in 30 States Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2015“After the 5-year follow-up period, the recidivism rate based on in-state and out-of-state criminal history information (77%) was higher than the recidivism rate based on in-state criminal history information only (72%).”
  • Crime in the United States - 2014 Federal Bureau of Investigation, September, 2015“The violent crime rate declined 1.0 percent compared to the 2013 rate, and the property crime rate declined 5.0 percent.”
  • Overview of Federal Criminal Cases Fiscal Year 2014 United States Sentencing Commission, August, 2015“Cases involving drugs, immigration, firearms, or fraud accounted for 81.5 percent of all cases reported to the Commission.”
  • Realignment and Crime in 2014: California's Violent Crime in Decline Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, August, 2015“Contrary to alarms raised about potential increases in crime, consistent reports examining offenses at the county level over time show Realignment and crime do not have a causal relationship.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2014 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2015“No significant change occurred in the rate of violent crime from 2013 (23.2 victimizations per 1,000) to 2014 (20.1 per 1,000).”
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2015“In 2013, among students ages 12-18, there were about 1,420,900 nonfatal victimizations at school.”
  • Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2015 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2015“At midyear 2013, a total of 2,287 inmates were confined in 79 Indian country jails--a 3.3% decrease from the 2,364 inmates confined at midyear 2012.”
  • Was There a "Ferguson Effect" on Crime in St. Louis? The Sentencing Project, June, 2015“Only the timing of the change in property crimes is fully consistent with a Ferguson effect. But temporal consistency is not a sufficient condition to establish substantive proof.”
  • Realignment, Incarceration, and Crime Trends in California Public Policy Institute of California, May, 2015(Violent crime rates remain unaffected by realignment, and although California's property crime rate decreased in 2013, it did not drop more than in comparable states--so the auto theft gap that opened up in 2012 has not closed.)
  • Crime Against Persons With Disabilities, 2009-2013 - Statistical Tables Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 2015“Presents estimates of nonfatal violent victimization (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated and simple assault) against persons age 12 or older with disabilities from 2009 to 2013.”
  • The Summons Report: Trends in the Issuance and Disposition of Summonses in New York City John Jay College of Criminal Justice, April, 2015“Overall, summonses are on the decline. This decline is driven by lower issuance rates among 16-17-year-olds and 18-20-year-olds, mainly for disorderly conduct.”
  • National Gunfire Index SST, March, 2015(All but two of the 28 cities saw reductions in their rates of gunfire.)
  • Corrections Statistics by State National Institute of Corrections, February, 2015“This unique compilation of data provides a visual representation of key statistics for each state as well as a comparison of each state in relation to other states.”
  • What Caused the Crime Decline? Brennan Center for Justice, February, 2015“In the 2000s, increased incarceration had no effect on violent crime and accounted for less than one-hundredth of the decade’s property crime drop.”
  • Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report, January-June 2014 Federal Bureau of Investigation, January, 2015(Preliminary figures indicate that law enforcement agencies throughout the nation showed an overall decrease of 4.6 percent in the number of violent crimes brought to their attention for the first 6 months of 2014 when compared with 2013 figures.)
  • Federal Justice Statistics, 2011-12 Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2015“At yearend 2012, 414,065 persons were under some form of federal correctional control 62% were in confinement and 38% were under supervision in the community. „„”
  • Firearms and the incidence of arrest among respondents to domestic violence restraining orders Injury Epidemiology, 2015“Respondents linked to firearms were older than others and were more likely to have a history of prior arrest. The incidence of arrest was 20.6 % for respondents linked to firearms and 21.1 % for others.”
  • Hot Spots Policing George Mason University Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy, 2015“Hot spots policing covers a range of police responses that all share in common a focus of resources on the locations where crime is highly concentrated.”
  • The Prosecution of Youth As Adults in California: A 2015 Update Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, National Center for Youth Law, W. Haywood Burns Institute, 2015“The race and location of youth—rather than the seriousness of the offense—impacted the likelihood they were direct filed in adult criminal court and subjected to the adult system.”
  • Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995-2013 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2014“The rate of rape and sexual assault was 1.2 times higher for nonstudents (7.6 per 1,000) than for students (6.1 per 1,000).”
  • Sex Offender Law and the Geography of Victimization Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, December, 2014“We find that, all else equal, reported sex offense victimization risk is generally (although not uniformly) lower in neighborhoods where more RSOs live.”
  • Household Poverty and Nonfatal Violent Victimization, 2008-2012 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2014“For the period 2008-12, persons living in poor households at or below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) (39.8 per 1,000) had more than double the rate of violent victimization as persons in high-income households (16.9 per 1,000).”
  • Crimes Against the Elderly, 2003-2013 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2014(For the period 2003-13, elderly persons age 65 or older experienced nonfatal violent crime victimizations at lower rates than younger persons ages 12 to 24, 25 to 49, and 50 to 64.)
  • Most States Cut Imprisonment and Crime Pew Charitable Trusts Public Safety Performance Project, November, 2014“Over the past five years, the majority of states have reduced their imprisonment rates while experiencing less crime.”
  • Report of Inquiry into Documentation of Sex Crime Investigations by Five Detectives in the Special Victims Section of the New Orleans Police Department Office of Inspector General City of New Orleans, November, 2014“Due to this total void of information, the investigators could not analyze 65% of the sex crime related calls for service assigned to the five detectives.”
  • The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report: The Latest Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy Stanford Law School, September, 2014“The strongest evidence of a statistically significant effect would be for aggravated assault, with 11 of 28 estimates suggesting that RTC laws increase this crime at the .10 confidence level.”
  • Prison and Crime: A Complex Link Pew Public Safety Performance Project, September, 2014“New York and Florida had divergent imprisonment rates, but both cut crime rates by the same amount.”
  • Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, September, 2014“In 2013, an estimated 24.6 million Americans aged 12 or older---9.4 percent of the population---had used an illicit drug in the past month.”
  • Socio-emotional Impact of Violent Crime Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2014“Overall, 68% of victims of serious violence experienced socio-emotional problems as a result of their victimization.”
  • Close-Range Gunfire around DC Schools Urban Institute, September, 2014“Fifty-four percent of DC schools covered by gunfire-detection technology had at least one burst of gunfire occur within 1,000 feet of the school.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2013 (Revised) Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2014“The rate of violent crime declined slightly from 26.1 victimizations per 1,000 persons in 2012 to 23.2 per 1,000 in 2013.”
  • Does Immigration Enforcement Reduce Crime? Evidence from "Secure Communities" University of Chicago Law; New York University Law School, August, 2014“Our results show that Secure Communities has led to no meaningful reductions in the FBI index crime rate.”
  • Violent Victimization In New And Established Hispanic Areas, 2007-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2014“From 2007 to 2010, new Hispanic areas had a lower overall rate of violent victimization compared to small Hispanic areas that had relatively little growth in Hispanic populations.”
  • Punishment Without End John Jay College of Criminal Justice Research & Evaluation Center, July, 2014“By year five, the probability of arrest for 16 year olds arrested for burglary was equal to that of 16 year olds not arrested for burglary.”
  • Flint DDACTS Pilot Evaluation: Summary of Findings Michigan Justice Statistics Center, July, 2014“Indeed, the target areas experienced a 19 percent reduction in violent crime and a 30 percent reduction in robberies. This compared to 7 and 2 percent reductions, respectively, in the rest of the city.”
  • 2010 Inmate Releases: Three Year Post Release Follow-up State of New York Department of Corrections and Community Supervision, June, 2014“43% of the offenders released by the Parole Board during 2010 were returned for rule violations within three years and 8% returned for new felonies.”
  • Seasonal Patterns in Criminal Victimization Trends Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2014“This report examines seasonal patterns in violent and household property victimization in the United States from 1993 to 2010.”
  • The contagious nature of imprisonment an agent-based model to explain racial disparities in incarceration rates The Royal Society, June, 2014“Our model suggests that increased sentencing for an individual has negative effects that spread through social networks to affect families and whole communities.”
  • Predicting Crime through Incarceration: The Impact of Rates of Prison Cycling On Rates of Crime in Communities National Institute of Justice, May, 2014(The study found strong support for the impact of prison cycling on neighborhood crime rates, i.e., when resident removal rates due to incarceration were high, crime rates decreased; when reentry rates were high in a neighborhood, the crime rate increased.)
  • Nonfatal Domestic Violence, 2003-2012 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2014“In 2003-12, domestic violence accounted for 21% of all violent crime.”
  • The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Crime: Evidence from State Panel Data, 1990-2006 Plos One, March, 2014“...states passing Medical Marijuana Legalization laws experienced reductions in crime and the rate of reduction appears to be steeper for states passing MML laws as compared to others for several crimes such as homicide, robbery, and aggravated assault.”
  • Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy Urban Institute, March, 2014“The goals of this study were to: (1) derive a more rigorous estimate of the underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) in eight major US cities and (2) provide an understanding of the structure of this underground economy. To date, no reliable data exist..”
  • Crimes Against Persons with Disabilities, 2009-2012 -Statistical Tables Bureau of Justice Statistics, February, 2014“Among persons ages 12 to 15, the unadjusted rate of violent victimization was nearly three times higher for persons with disabilities (123 per 1,000) than for persons without disabilities (43 per 1,000) in 2012.”
  • Hate Crime Victimization, 2004-2012 - Statistics Bureau of Justice Statistics, February, 2014“In 2012, victims perceived that the offender was motivated by bias against the victim's ethnicity in 51% of hate crimes... This was a statistically significant increase from 30% of hate crimes motivated by ethnicity bias in 2011 and 22% in 2004.”
  • Trends in Unwanted Online Experiences and Sexting: Final Report Crimes Against Children Research Center, February, 2014“Unwanted sexual solicitations continued in decline -- from 19% in 2000 to 13% in 2005 and 9% in 2010.”
  • California's 58 Crime Rates: Realignment and Crime in 2012 Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, January, 2014“he present analysis finds California's 58 counties vary dramatically in their implementation of Realignment and in their respective crime rates.”
  • Hate Crime Statistics, 2013 Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2014(Some 5,928 hate crime incidents involving 6,933 offenses were reported by law-enforcement agencies last year.)
  • Evaluation of the Shreveport Predictive Policing Experiment RAND Corporation, 2014“The program did not generate a statistically significant reduction in property crime.”
  • How Often and How Consistently do Symptoms Directly Precede Criminal Behavior Among Offenders With Mental Illness? Law and Human Behavior, 2014“Specifically, of the 429 crimes coded, 4% related directly to psychosis, 3% related directly to depression, and 10% related directly to bipolar disorder (including impulsivity).”
  • Homicide in the U.S. Known to Law Enforcement, 2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2013“The U.S. homicide rate declined by nearly half (49%), from 9.3 homicides per 100,000 U.S. residents in 1992 to 4.7 in 2011, falling to the lowest level since 1963.”
  • Victims of Identity Theft, 2012 U.S. Department of Justice, December, 2013“About 7% of persons age 16 or older were victims of identity theft in 2012.”
  • Intimate Partner Violence: Attributes of Victimizations, 1993-2011 U.S. Department of Justice, November, 2013“From 1994 to 2011, the rate of serious intimate partner violence declined 72% for females and 64% for males.”
  • Study of Victim Experiences of Wrongful Conviction ICF International, November, 2013“A number of victims described the impact of the wrongful conviction as being comparable to, or worse than, their original victimization.”
  • Virginia's Justice System Expensive, Ineffective and Unfair Justice Policy Institute, November, 2013“Virginia's aggressive stance on arresting people for drug violations has had no effect on reducing drug use. In fact, illicit drug use has increased in recent years.”
  • Violent Crime in U.S. Falls to New 32-Year Low John Jay College of Criminal Justice, October, 2013“Compared with trends since 1980, the arrest rate for violent youth crime reached a new low every year from 2009 through 2012.”
  • Safer, Smarter, and More Cost-Efficient Approaches to Reducing Crime in Texas Texas Criminal Justice Coalition, October, 2013“39% of people in prison (53,810 men and women) were incarcerated for a nonviolent, non-sexually based offense.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2012 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2013“The apparent increase in the number and rate of serious violent crime from 2011 to 2012 was not statistically significant.”
  • The Impact of the Byrne Justice Assistance Grant Program How Byrne JAG is Changing the Criminal Justice System National Criminal Justice Association, October, 2013“The Byrne Justice Assistance Grant program... is the nation's cornerstone crime-fighting program, supporting the federal government's crucial role in spurring innovation, as well as testing and replicating evidence-based practices in crime control...”
  • Highlights of the 2011 National Youth Gang Survey Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September, 2013“Change estimates from 2010 to 2011 indicate a measurable increase in gangs and gang members and a nearly 8-percent drop in the number of recorded gang-related homicides.”
  • Measuring the Prevalence of Crime with the National Crime Victimization Survey Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2013“The percentage of violent crime victims who experienced two or more victimizations during a year declined from 23% in 1993 to 17% in 2010. In 2010, this 17% accounted for more than half (54%) of all violent victimizations.”
  • When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2011 Homicide Data Violence Policy Center, September, 2013“For homicides in which the victim to offender relationship could be identified, 94 percent of female victims (1,509 out of 1,601) were murdered by a male they knew.”
  • Crime in California 2012 California Attorney General and California Department of Justice, August, 2013“The homicide rate remained at a rate 18 percent lower than the average homicide rate for the prior ten years.”
  • Technology, Teen Dating, Violence and Abuse, and Bullying Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center, August, 2013“26% of youth in a relationship said they experienced some form of cyber dating abuse victimization in the prior year. Females were twice as likely as males to report being a victim of sexual cyber dating abuse in the prior year.”
  • Indicators of Labor Trafficking Among North Carolina Migrant Farmworkers National Institute of Justice, August, 2013“...Law enforcement representatives do not view labor trafficking either as a problem or as a law enforcement issue.”
  • Household Burglary, 1994-2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2013“The rate of household burglary decreased 56% from 1994 to 2011. During this time period, households with an income of $14,999 or less were victimized at a higher rate than households with higher incomes.”
  • Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence Institute of Medicine, June, 2013“The complexity and frequency of firearm violence, combined with its impact on the health and safety of Americans, suggest that a public health approach should be incorporated into the strategies used to prevent future harm and injuries.”
  • Firearm Violence, 1993-2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 2013“Nonfatal firearm crimes declined 69%, from 1.5 million victimizations in 1993 to 467,300 victimizations in 2011.”
  • Effective Approaches for Reducing Prostitution in Texas: Proactive and Cost-Efficient Strategies to Help People Leave the Streets Texas Criminal Justice Coalition, April, 2013“There have been no studies that have shown prostitution to be a significant danger to public safety, whereas a tradition of punitive responses to prostitution has clearly demonstrated the high social and economic costs.”
  • Investigating the Relationship Between Housing Voucher Use and Crime Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy and the Moelis Institution for Affordable Housing Policy, April, 2013(Our research shows that crime is not following households with vouchers into neighborhoods. However, we do find a relationship between current crime and future voucher use, suggesting that households with vouchers are locating where crime is already high.)
  • Workplace Violence Against Government Employees, 1994-2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2013“In 2011, excluding law enforcement and security employees, the rate of workplace violence against government employees (8.7 per 1,000) was greater than the rate for private-sector employees (4.7 per 1,000).”
  • Hate Crime Victimization, 2003-2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2013“The percentage of hate crimes motivated by religious bias more than doubled between 2003-06 and 2007-11 (from 10% to 21%), while the percentage motivated by racial bias dropped slightly (from 63% to 54%).”
  • Effective Approaches for Reducing Graffiti in Texas: Strategies to Save Money and Beautify Communities Texas Criminal Justice Coalition, March, 2013“Efforts aimed at eradicating graffiti should revolve around diversion of graffitists into positive, artistic endeavors that include communities, while reserving the prosecution of graffitists only for those who are involved in other, more serious crimes.”
  • Female Victims of Sexual Violence, 1994-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2013“From 1995 to 2010, the estimated annual rate of female rape or sexual assault victimizations declined 58%, from 5.0 victimizations per 1,000 females age 12 or older to 2.1 per 1,000.”
  • Do Foreclosures Cause Crime? Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, February, 2013“Foreclosure starts have a positive and significant impact on crime. An additional foreclosure start in the prior quarter is associated with a in increase of 0.7% in total crime, 1.5% in violent crime, and 0.8% in public order crimes.”
  • Wrong Way for Texas The Driver Responsibility Program: A Texas-Sized Failure Texas Criminal Justice Coalition, February, 2013“Surcharges levied under the DRP are significantly higher for DWI offenses than those assessed for other traffic offenses. Over the past decade, Texas' rate for alcohol-impaired fatalities has increased compared to other states.”
  • California's Urban Crime Increase in 2012: Is "Realignment" to Blame? Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, January, 2013“The 11 counties that realigned offenders at lower rates showed greater increases in violent and property crime than the 10 counties that realigned offenders at higher rates.”
  • How New York City Reduced Mass Incarceration: A Model for Change? Vera Institute of Justice, the Brennan Center for Justice, and the JFA Institute, January, 2013“From 1988 to 2008, the number of felonies reported by New York City to the FBI dropped from 719,887 to 198,419 – a remarkable 72 percent reduction. Outside of New York City, the number of crimes declined by half as much, only 38 percent.”
  • More Prisoners Versus More Crime is the Wrong Question Brookings Institution, 2013“...America's current approach to crime control is woefully inefficient. Much greater crime control could be achieved at lower human and financial cost.”
  • Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations RAND Corporation, 2013“Predictive policing is the application of analytical techniques--particularly quantitative techniques--to identify likely targets for police intervention and prevent crime or solve past crimes by making statistical predictions.”
  • Report of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence, December, 2012“It is crucial that incarceration of juveniles not involve sanctions that subject them to additional violence, both to protect them from harm and to avoid teaching them by example that violence is an appropriate means to control other people's behavior.”
  • Violent Crime Against Youth, 1994-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2012“The rate of serious violent crime against youth ages 12 to 17 involving weapons declined by 80% from 1994 to 2010, and the rate of serious violent crime involving serious injury decreased by 63%.”
  • Crime Against Persons with Disabilities, 2009-2011 Statistical Tables Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2012“The average annual age-adjusted rate of violent victimization for persons with disabilities (48 per 1,000 persons with disabilities) was more than twice the rate among persons without disabilities (19 per 1,000 persons without disabilities) in 2011.”
  • Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2012“From 1994 to 2010, the overall rate of intimate partner violence in the United States declined by 64%, from 9.8 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older to 3.6 per 1,000.”
  • Firearms Stolen during Household Burglaries and Other Property Crimes, 2005-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2012“On average, firearms were stolen in an annual average of about 4% of the 2.4 million burglaries occurring each year, in 2% of the 529,200 robberies, and in less than 1% of the 13.6 million other crimes involving theft from 2005 through 2010.”
  • California Youth Crime Plunges to All-Time Low Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, October, 2012“All categories of crime fell substantially among youths in 2011. Felony arrests were down 17%, both violent and property felonies were down 16%, misdemeanor and status offenses were down 21%, and homicide was down 26%.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2012“The rate of violent victimization increased 17%, from 19.3 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older in 2010 to 22.5 in 2011.”
  • Prevalence of Violent Crime among Households with Children, 1993-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2012“A smaller percentage of children ages 0 to 11 (3.4%) than children ages 12 to 17 (4.9%) lived in a household that experienced violent crime during 2010.”
  • Stalking Victims in the United States - Revised Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2012“Nearly 7 in 10 stalking victims knew their offender in some capacity.”
  • Victimizations Not Reported to the Police, 2006-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2012“From 2006 to 2010, a greater percentage of victimizations perpetrated by someone the victim knew well (62%) went unreported to police, compared to victimizations committed by a stranger (51%).”
  • Immigration Offenders in the Federal Justice System, 2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2012“Apprehensions for immigration violations peaked at 1.8 million in 2000 but dropped to 516,992 in 2010 — the lowest level since 1972. Between 2004 and 2010, the number of Border Patrol officers nearly doubled, increasing from 10,819 to 20,558.”
  • Does Strengthening Self-Defense Law Deter Crime or Escalate Violence? Evidence from Castle Doctrine Texas A&M University, June, 2012“[R]esults indicate that castle doctrine laws increase total homicides by around 8 percent. Put differently, the laws induce an additional 600 homicides per year across the 21 states in our sample that enacted castle doctrine laws.”
  • Violent Crime against the Elderly Reported by Law Enforcement in Michigan 2005-2009 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2012“Three out of 10 elderly victims of reported violence were victimized by their own child or grandchild.”
  • Juvenile Court Statistics 2009 National Center for Juvenile Justice, May, 2012“Between 1997 and 2009, the number of public order offense cases increased 1%, person offense cases and drug law violation cases decreased 13% and 12%, respectively, and property offense cases decreased 35%..”
  • Rethinking the Blues How We Police in the U.S. and at What Cost Justice Policy Institute, May, 2012“Crime is at the lowest levels it has been in over 30 years, but funding for police increased 445 percent between 1982 and 2007, with federal funding increasing the most at 729 percent.”
  • Public Housing transformation and Crime Making the Case for Responsible Relocation Urban Institute, April, 2012“Overall, our findings show that a substantial majority of neighborhoods [...] were able to absorb public housing relocation voucher households without any adverse effect on neighborhood conditions.”
  • Pay Now or Pay Much More Later Law Enforcement Leaders support high-quality early education to cut crime and save money in California Fight Crime: Invest in Kids California, April, 2012“Research shows that high-quality preschool programs can significantly reduce felony arrests and incarceration rates and return $10 or more in savings for every dollar invested, with nearly 1/2 of the savings coming from lower prison & crime-related costs.”
  • Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program, 2011 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2012“The total 2011 allocation for the JAG funding was approximately $368.3 million, of which $359.4 million went to states and $8.9 million to territories and the District of Columbia.”
  • Crime in the United States 2012 Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012“In 2012, an estimated 1,214,462 violent crimes occurred nationwide, an increase of 0.7 percent from the 2011 estimate.”
  • Violent Victimization Committed by Strangers, 1993-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2011“In 2010, strangers committed about 38% of nonfatal violent crimes, including rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault.”
  • Juvenile Arrests 2009 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December, 2011“The number of juvenile violent crime arrests in 2009 was less than any year in the 1990s, and 14% less than the number of such arrests in 2006.”
  • Homicide Trends In The United States, 1980-2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2011“Males represented 77% of homicide victims and nearly 90% of offenders. The victimization rate for males was 3 times higher than the rate for females. The offending rate for males was almost 9 times higher than the rate for females.”
  • Identity Theft Reported by Households, 2005-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2011“The increase in identity theft victimization from 2005 to 2010 was largely attributable to an increase in the misuse or attempted misuse of existing credit card accounts.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2011“the rate of total violent crime victimizations declined by 13% in 2010, which was about three times the average annual decrease observed from 2001 through 2009 (4%).”
  • Arrest In The United States, 1980-2009 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2011“The U.S. murder arrest rate in 2009 was about half of what it was in the early 1980s. Over the 30-year period ending in 2009, the adult arrest rate for murder fell 57%, while the juvenile arrest rate fell 44%.”
  • Use Of Victim Service Agencies By Victims Of Serious Violent Crime '93-'09 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2011“From 2000 to 2009, a greater percentage of female (15%) than male (6%) victims of serious violent crime received assistance from a victim service agency.”
  • Annual Report to the United States Sentencing Commission United States Department of Justice, July, 2011“In the last 50 years,the United States experienced an extraordinary increase, followed by an equally extraordinary decrease, in the number of Americans victimized by violent crime.”
  • Hate Crime, 2003-2009 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2011“In nearly 90% of hate crime victimizations occurring between 2003 and 2009, the victim suspected the off ender was motivated by racial or ethnic prejudice or both.”
  • Profile of Inmate Population Under Custody on January 1, 2011 State of New York Department of Corrections and Community Supervision, April, 2011“The majority of inmates under custody (60%) self-reported at the time of admission to the Department that they had at least one living child.”
  • Methods for Counting High-Frequency Repeat Victimizations in the National Crime Victimization Survey Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2011“While violent series victimizations have declined in number and proportion over time, the characteristics of these victimizations have exhibited little change.”
  • Characteristics Of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2011“About 8 in 10 of the suspected incidents of human trafficking were classified as sex trafficking, and about 1 in 10 incidents were classified as labor trafficking.”
  • Workplace Violence, 1993-2009 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2011“From 2002 to 2009, the rate of nonfatal workplace violence has declined by 35%, following a 62% decline in the rate from 1993 to 2002.”
  • Sex Offender Registries: Fear without Function? University of Chicago, February, 2011“The results from all three data sets do not support the hypothesis that sex offender registries are effective tools for increasing public safety.”
  • Overview of Federal Criminal Cases Fiscal Year 2011 United States Sentencing Commission, 2011“Immigration cases continued to be the fastest growing segment of cases in the federal system. In fiscal year 2011, there were 29,717 immigration cases reported to the Commission, an increase of 1,213 cases from the prior fiscal year.”
  • Turning the Corner on Mass Incarceration? Georgetown University Law Center, 2011“Criminal justice policies and practices are largely determined at the state and local levels, and practices vary widely among the states and even among cities, towns, and counties within a single state.”
  • Crime Against People with Disabilities, 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2010“Persons with disabilities age 12 or older experienced violent crime at age-adjusted rates that were 2 to 3 times that of persons without disabilities for each violent crime measured (rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault.”
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2010 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2010“In 2008, among students 12-18, there were about 1.2 million victims of nonfatal crimes at school, including 619,000 thefts and 629,800 violent crimes.”
  • Victims Of Identity Theft, 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2010“The unauthorized misuse or attempted misuse of an existing credit card was the most prevalent type of identity theft (53% of all victims).”
  • Ending and Defending Against HIV Criminalization: State and Federal Laws and Prosecutions The Center for HIV Law and Policy, November, 2010“Thirty-two states and two U.S. territories have HIV-specific criminal statutes and thirty-six states have reported proceedings in which HIV-positive people have been arrested and/or prosecuted for consensual sex, biting, and spitting.”
  • Gang Units In Large Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2007 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2010“Of the 337 gang units that reported their year of establishment, 35% were formed between 2004 and 2007. The year 2006 marked the peak of gang unit formation with 43 new units created.”
  • Hot Spots of Juvenile Crime Findings From Seattle US Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October, 2010“Juvenile crime was concentrated in public and commercial areas where youth gather—schools, youth centers, shops, malls, and restaurants—rather than residential areas.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2009 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2010“The overall victimization rate for violent crimes declined from 19.3 to 17.1 victimizations per 1,000 persons between 2008 and 2009.”
  • Victimization During Household Burglary Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2010“Offenders were known to their victims in 65% of violent burglaries; offenders were strangers in 28%.”
  • Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2006 Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 2010“About a fourth of felony defendants were charged with a violent offense in 2006.”
  • Profile of Inmate Population Under Custody on January 1, 2010 (New York) State of New York Department of Correctional Services, May, 2010“Forty percent (40%) of female inmates were serving a sentence for a Violent Felony crime compared to 61% for male inmates. In contrast, 24% of female inmates were sentenced for a drug crime compared to 17% percent of male inmates.”
  • Federal Firearms Cases, FY 2008 Ronald J. Frandsen, Michael N. Bowling, Ph.D., January, 2010“The mean prison sentence for defendants convicted in FY2008 and FY2007 pursuant to the Gun Control Act of 1968 was 90 months.”
  • Crime Against People with Disabilities, 2007 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2009“Age-adjusted rate of nonfatal violent crime against persons with disabilities was 1.5 times higher than the rate for persons without disabilities.”
  • Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Large Urban Counties Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2009(Most cases of intimate partner violence involved a charge of assault, either aggravated (12%) or simple (78%); an additional 5% were charged with intimidation, including stalking.)
  • Criminal Victimization, 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2009“The violent crime rate declined by 41% and the property crime rate fell by 32% over the 10-year period.”
  • Fact Sheet Response to 2008 FBI Uniform Crime Report Justice Policy Institute, September, 2009(The 2008 FBI Uniform Crime Report shows that during 2008, at a time in which prison and jail growth rates dropped, the United States experienced a 1.9 percent decline in violent crimes and a 0.8 percent decline in property crimes reported.)
  • Female Victims of Violence Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2009“The rate of intimate partner violence against females declined 53% between 1993 and 2008, from 9.4 victimizations per 1,000 females age 12 or older to 4.3 per 1,000. Against males, the rate declined 54%.”
  • 'Redemption' in an Era of Widespread Criminal Background Checks National Institute of Justice, June, 2009“Thus, our analysis showed that the younger an offender was when he committed robbery, the longer he had to stay clean to reach the same arrest rate as people his same age in the general population.”
  • 2008 Court Commitments to the Massachusetts Department of Correction Massachusetts Department of Correction, June, 2009(Inmates were committed for the following categories of offenses during 2008: Drug (31%), Person (30%), "Other" (16%), Property (16%), and Sex (6%).)
  • Profile of Inmate Population Under Custody on January 1, 2009 (New York) State of New York Department of Correctional Services, June, 2009“The majority of inmates under custody (59.2%) report at least one living child. Approximately 11% of under custody inmates reported four or more living children.”
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2009“During the 2005–06 school year, 86 percent of public schools reported that at least one violent crime, theft, or other crime occurred at their school.”
  • Sex Offender Registration and Notification Limited Effects in New Jersey National Institute of Justice, April, 2009“Convicted offenders and their offense types in this study were similar before and after Megan’s Law was passed.”
  • Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Victims of Crime Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2009“From 2002 through 2006, the average annual rate of nonfatal violent victimization against Asians was about 11 violent victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older, compared to 24 per 1,000 persons for non-Asians.”
  • Stalking Victimization in the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2009“About half (46%) of stalking victims experienced at least one unwanted contact per week, and 11% of victims said they had been stalked for 5 years or more.”
  • Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-08 Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2009“Most (83%) of the reported incidents involved allegations of sex trafficking. Labor trafficking accounted for 12% of incidents, and other or unknown forms of human trafficking made up 5%.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2007 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2008“Violent crime rates in 2007 (20.7 per 1,000 persons age 12 or older) were not significantly different from those in 2005 (21.1 per 1,000 persons).”
  • Cybercrime against Businesses, 2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2008“The 3,247 businesses that incurred monetary loss from cybercrime lost a total of $867 million”
  • Do More Prisoners Equal Less Crime? A Response to George Will Sentencing Project, June, 2008“Will's selective use of data and limited vision provide an inaccurate portrayal of current criminal justice policy and its effects. [This piece] is an assessment of some of the key arguments raised in the column.”
  • Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2004 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2008“More than three-fourths of felony defendants had a prior arrest history, with 53% having at least five prior arrest charges.”
  • Profile of Inmate Population Under Custody on January 1, 2008 (New York) State of New York Department of Correctional Services, March, 2008“The majority of inmates (52.1%) were committed from New York City. An additional 11.4% were committed from suburban New York.”
  • Crime, Corrections, and California: What Does Immigration Have to Do with It? Public Policy Institute of California, February, 2008“Immigrants are far less likely than the average U.S. native to commit crime in California.... Such findings suggest that longstanding fears of immigration as a threat to public safety are unjustified.”
  • Federal Prosecution of Child Sex Exploitation Offenders, 2006 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2007“The main sex exploitation offense referred to U.S. attorneys shifted from sex abuse (73%) in 1994 to child pornography (69%) in 2006.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2006 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2007“Males experienced higher levels of victimization than females. The rate of violent victimization for males was 26 violent victimizations per 1,000 males age 12 or older. Females experienced 23 violent victimizations per 1,000 females age 12 or older.”
  • Identity Theft, 2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2007“Ten percent of the households with incomes of $75,000 or higher experienced identity theft; that was about twice the percentage of households earning less than $50,000.”
  • I'd rather be Hanged for a Sheep than a Lamb The Unintended Consequences of 'Three-Strikes' Laws Radha Iyengar, Harvard University, October, 2007“Among third-strike eligible offenders, the probability of committing violent crimes increased by 9 percentage points.”
  • Black Victims of Violent Crime Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2007“Blacks accounted for 13% of the U.S. population in 2005, but were victims in 15% of all nonfatal violent crimes and nearly half of all homicides.”
  • Gang Wars: The Failure of Enforcement Tactics and the Need for Effective Public Safety Strategies Justice Policy Institute, July, 2007(There are fewer gang members in the United States today than there were a decade ago, and there is no evidence that gang activity is growing.)
  • Profile of Inmate Population Under Custody on January 1, 2007 (New York) State of New York Department of Correctional Services, June, 2007“Of the 63,473 inmates under custody on February 17, 2007, 33,496 (52.8%) had a verified GED, high school diploma or higher degree, and 29,977 (47.2%) were without verified academic degrees.”
  • Veterans in State and Federal Prison, 2004 Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 2007“The percentage of veterans among State and Federal prisoners has steadily declined over the past three decades, according to national surveys of prison inmates conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics.”
  • Crime and the Nation's Households, 2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2007“Households in the West were more likely to experience one or more crimes compared to households in other regions.”
  • DTAP (Drug Treatment Alternative-to-Prison) Sixteenth Annual Report Kings County (Brooklyn) District Attorney, April, 2007“In its sixteenth year of operation, DTAP continued to maintain high treatment retention and low recidivism rates and to produce enormous cost savings.”
  • The Myth of Immigrant Criminality and the Paradox of Assimilation: Incarceration Rates among Native and Foreign-Born Men American Immigration Law Foundation, February, 2007“[F]or every ethnic group without exception, incarceration rates among young men are lowest for immigrants, even those who are the least educated.”
  • Intimate Partner Violence in the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2006“Overall intimate partner violence during 2004 remained unchanged from 2003, although some demographic groups experienced an increase.”
  • Federal Prosecution of Human Trafficking, 2001-2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2006“Between 2001 and 2005, U.S. attorneys investigated 555 suspects in matters involving violations of Federal human trafficking statutes.”
  • When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2004 Homicide Data The Violence Policy Center, September, 2006“[O]ffers both national and state-by-state statistics from FBI Supplementary Homicide Report data including charts listing the number and rate of female homicides by state and a chart ranking each state by rate.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2006“For most crimes, aggregated rates for the period 2004-05 were unchanged from the previous two year period 2002-03, while minor declines were seen for some forms of robbery and simple assault without injury.”
  • Federal Criminal Justice Trends, 2003 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2006“Drug offenses remained the most prevalent offense across stages over 10-year period.”
  • Violent Felons in Large Urban Counties Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2006“Eight-one percent of violent felons were sentenced to incarceration with 50% going to prison and 31% to jail. Nineteen percent received a probation term without incarceration.”
  • Crime in the United States, 2005 Annual Uniform Crime Report Federal Bureau of Investigation, June, 2006
  • Evaluation of Milwaukee's Judicial Oversight Demonstration Urban Institute, May, 2006“Judicial Oversight Demonstration (JOD) was associated with a reduced rate of arrest for domestic violence, an indication of gains in victim safety.”
  • Identity Theft, 2004 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2006“The report, based on interviews with 40,000 household residents drawn to be nationally representative, describes age, race, and ethnicity of the household head; household income; and location of the household (urbanicity).”
  • Crime and the Nation's Households, 2004 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2006“Both violent and property crimes declined between 1994 and 2004.”
  • Sex Offender Sentencing in Washington State: Failure to Register As a Sex Offender Washington State Institute for Public Policy, January, 2006“[S]ex offenders with a conviction for failing to register have recidivism rates that are twice the rate of those without a conviction.”
  • Sex Offender Sentencing in Washington State: Notification Levels and Recidivism Washington State Institute for Public Policy, December, 2005“The notification levels determined by the ESRC do not classify sex offenders into groups that accurately reflect their risk for reoffending.”
  • Sex Offender Sentencing in Washington State: Has Community Notification Reduced Recivism? Washington State Institute for Public Policy, December, 2005
  • Hate Crimes Reported by Victims and Police Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2005
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2005“Annually, from 1999 through 2003, teachers were the victims of approximately 183,000 total nonfatal crimes at school, including 119,000 thefts and 65,000 violent crimes.”
  • Incarceration and Crime: A Complex Relationship Sentencing Project, November, 2005
  • Crime in the United States - 2004 Federal Bureau of Investigation, October, 2005
  • Annual Report - Fiscal Year 2005 State of Missouri Public Defender Commission, October, 2005“[B]y 2005 trial division attorneys average 298 cases, 27% more than the 1989 caseload standard.... At 17%, the Department's attorney turnover rate is simply too high.”
  • Criminal Victimization, 2004 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2005“The rate of violent crime dropped 9% from the period 2001-02 to the period 2003-04.”(Presents victimization rates for 2004.)
  • Ganging Up on Communities Putting Gang Crime in Context Justice Policy Institute, July, 2005
  • Violence by Gang Members, 1993-2003 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2005
  • Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2005
  • Does Parole Work?: Analyzing the Impact of Postprison Supervision on Rearrest Outcomes Urban Institute, March, 2005
  • The Governor's Preventing Crime in Virginia's Minority Communities Task For Department of Criminal Justice Services, March, 2005
  • Crime and Victimization in the Three Largest Metropolitan Areas, 1980-98 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2005
  • Violent Victimization of College Students, 1995-2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2005
  • Crimes Against Persons Age 65 or Older, 1993-2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2005
  • Oregon's Measure 11 Sentencing Reform: Implementation and System Impact RAND Corporation, January, 2005
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2004 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2004
  • Crime and the Nation's Households, 2003 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2004
  • Intellectual Property Theft, 2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2004
  • Crime in the United States - 2003 Federal Bureau of Investigation, October, 2004
  • Criminal Victimization, 2003 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2004
  • When Violence Hits Home: How Economics and Neighborhood Play a Role National Institute of Justice, September, 2004
  • Carjacking, 1993-2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2004
  • Characteristics of New Commitments 2003 New York Department of Correctional Services, June, 2004
  • Crime Trends and Incarceration Rates in Oregon Justice Strategies, June, 2004
  • Georgia's Aging Inmate Population Georgia Department of Corrections, June, 2004“Georgia, with a prison population in excess of 47,000 inmates has the sixth largest prison system in the nation. At the end of FY 2002 4,025 inmates, or nearly one in ten were 50 or older.”
  • Cybercrime against Businesses Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2004“Nearly 75% of companies with computers detected at least one incident.”
  • Crime and the Nation's Households, 2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, February, 2004
  • Violent Victimization of College Students Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2003“students were victims of violence overall at rates lower than those of nonstudents.”
  • Crime in the United States - 2002 Federal Bureau of Investigation, October, 2003
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2003 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2003
  • Criminal Victimization, 2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2003(Overall violent victimization and property crime rates are the lowest recorded since recording began in 1973)
  • Money Laundering Offenders 1994-2001 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2003
  • 2001 Court Commitments to the Massachusetts Department of Correction Massachusetts Department of Correction, March, 2003“Inmates were committed in 2001 for the following offense groups: Person (31%), Drug (31%), Property (16%), "Other" (15%), Sex (7%).”
  • Reporting Crime to the Police, 1992-2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2003
  • Intimate Partner Violence, 1993-2001 Bureau of Justice Statistics, February, 2003
  • Federal Criminal Case Processing, 2001 With trends 1982-2001, Reconciled Data Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2003
  • Homicide Trends in the United States: 2000 Update Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2003
  • Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 2001 Federal Bureau of Investigation, December, 2002
  • Hate Crime Statistics, 2001 Federal Bureau of Investigation, November, 2002
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2002 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 2002
  • Crime in the United States - 2001 Federal Bureau of Investigation, October, 2002
  • Crime and the Nation's Households, 2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2002
  • Reflections on the Crime Decline: Lessons for the Future? Urban Institute, August, 2002(builds upon the work of The Crime Drop in America, edited by Alfred Blumstein and Joel Wallman)
  • Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2002
  • Civil Rights Complaints in U.S. District Courts, 2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2002
  • Third-Party Involvement in Violent Crime 1993-99 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2002(Third parties include bystanders, other victims, household members, police officer, officers, instigators, or any combination of these.)
  • Burglary Cases in Juvenile Court 1989-1998 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, May, 2002
  • Hispanic Victims of Violent Crime, 1993-2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 2002
  • Age Patterns in Violent Victimization, 1976-2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, February, 2002
  • Homicide trends in the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2002(Frequently updated)
  • Criminal Victimization 2001: Changes 2000-2001 with Trends 1993-2001 Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2002(dropped 10% in 2001; to half the rate it was in 1973 when the survey began)
  • Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99 Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 2001“Law enforcement officers most at risk for workplace violence”(This report presents data for 1993 through 1999 from the National Crime Victimization Survey estimating the extent of workplace crime in the United States.)
  • Hate Crime Statistics, 2000 Federal Bureau of Investigation, November, 2001“This annual report captures information on bias-motivated incidents, the nature of the offense, and the characteristics of the victims and offenders.”(The UCR covers *reported* crime not actual crime.)
  • Intimate Partner Violence and Age of Victim, 1993-99 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2001
  • Crime in 2000 Federal Bureau of Investigation, October, 2001“FBI reports no change in crime”(Uniform Crime Reports contains only reported crime)
  • Hate Crimes Reported in NIBRS, 1997-99 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 2001
  • Injuries from Violent Crime, 1992-98 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2001“On average each year between 1992 and 1998, 2.6 million of the 10.2 million victims of violent crime in the United States were injured in the victimization.”
  • Criminal Victimization 2000: Changes 1999-2000 with Trends 1993-2000 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 2001
  • Violent Victimization and Race, 1993-98 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2001
  • Sexual Victimization of College Women Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 2001
  • Childhood Victimization and Delinquency, Adult Criminality, and Violent Criminal Behavior: A Replication and Extension, Final Report. Diana J. English, Cathy Spatz Widom and Carol Brandford, January, 2001
  • Urban, Suburban, and Rural Victimization, 1993-98 Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2000
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2000: Crime in the Nation's schools declined in the 1990's Bureau of Justice Statistics, October, 2000
  • Criminal Victimization 1999: Changes 1998-99 with Trends 1993-99 Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2000“National violent crime rate falls more than 10 percent -- Violent victimizations down one-third since 1993”
  • Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2000
  • Online Victimization: A Report on the Nation's Youth Crimes Against Children Research Center, June, 2000“Approximately one in five received a sexual solicitation or approach over the Internet in the last year.”
  • Intimate Partner Violence Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 2000“Intimate partner violence against women declined from 1993 through 1998 -- One-third of all murdered females were killed by partner”
  • Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1998 Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 2000“Cross-agency Federal arrest data published for first time -- almost half of arrests for drug or immigration offenses”
  • School House Hype: Two Years Later Justice Policy Institute, April, 2000
  • Dispelling the Myth: An Analysis of Youth and Adult Crime Patterns in California over the Past 20 Years Justice Policy Institute, March, 2000
  • Crimes against Persons Age 65 or Older, 1992-97 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 2000“People 65 years old and older less likely to be victims of violent crime than younger U.S. residents”
  • Profile of Inmates Under Custody on January 1, 2000 New York Department of Correctional Services, January, 2000“Only 32,689 (45.8%) of under custody inmates had at least a high school diploma or equivalent out of 71,356 inmates.”
  • Women Offenders Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 1999“About 2.1 million violent female offenders annually. Most commit simple assaults against other females”
  • Federal Enforcement of Environment Laws, 1997 Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 1999“Prosecutors investigated almost 1,000 individuals and businesses suspected of criminal environmental law violations”
  • DWI Offenders under Correctional Supervision Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 1999“More than 500,000 drunk drivers on probation or incarcerated in 1997”
  • Youth Violence: Perception Versus Reality Urban Institute, May, 1999
  • Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of Community Safety Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 1999“Survey in 12 cities show widespread community support for police: New process collects data on victimization, citizen perceptions of police and crime”
  • Carjackings in the United States, 1992-96 Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 1999“Reports shows almost 49,000 non-fatal carjackings every year”
  • Homicide Trends in the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 1999“Nation's largest cities lead the way as homicides fall to lowest rate in three decades”
  • Characteristics of New Commitments 1999 New York Department of Correctional Services, 1999
  • Crime and Justice Atlas 1999 Update United States Department of Justice, 1999“Between 1992 and 1997, 35 states, along with the District of Columbia, experienced decreased rates of serious violent crime.”
  • Workplace Violence, 1992-96 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 1998
  • School House Hype: The School Shootings, and the Real Risks Kids Face in America Justice Policy Institute, July, 1998
  • Crime and Justice Atlas U.S. Department of Justice, June, 1998“The latest rapid increases for both violent crime and violent crime arrest rates occurred during the period 1987-1991. The latest data show violent crime has begun to decline steadily, falling 16% since 1991.”
  • Students' Report of School Crime: 1989 and 1995 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 1998
  • Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 1994 Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 1998(About 2 in 3 defendants were charged with either a drug (35%) or property (31%) offense.)
  • Trends in Juvenile Violence and the 1997 Update Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 1997
  • Sex Differences in Violent Victimization, 1994 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 1997
  • Age Patterns of Victims of Serious Violent Crime Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 1997“Presents data from the redesigned NCVS that examines violent crime across the general population, ages 12 or older.”
  • Violence-Related Injuries Treated in Hospital Emergency Departments Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 1997
  • Implementing the National Incident-Based Reporting System: A Project Status Report Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 1997
  • Changes in Criminal Victimization 1994-95 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 1997
  • Criminal Victimization, 1973-95 Bureau of Justice Statistics, April, 1997
  • Sex Offenses and Offenders Bureau of Justice Statistics, February, 1997
  • Female Victims of Violent Crime Bureau of Justice Statistics, December, 1996
  • Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 1996
  • Violence Against Women: Estimates from the Redesigned National Crime Victimization Survey Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 1995
  • Violent Offenders in State Prison: Sentences and Time Served--State Inmates, 1992-94 Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 1995
  • Violence between Intimates Bureau of Justice Statistics, November, 1994
  • Violence and Theft in the Workplace Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 1994
  • Child Rape Victims, 1992 Bureau of Justice Statistics, June, 1994(based on 15 states)
  • Elderly Crime Victims Bureau of Justice Statistics, March, 1994
  • The Costs of Crime to Victims Bureau of Justice Statistics, January, 1994“Economic loss of some kind occurred in 71% of all personal crimes in 1992.”
  • Crime and the Nation's Households, 1992 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 1993
  • Murder in Large Urban Counties, 1988 Bureau of Justice Statistics, May, 1993
  • School Crime, 1991 Bureau of Justice Statistics, September, 1991“Analyzes the experiences of U.S. students in grades 6-12”

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