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I co-founded the Prison Policy Initiative to put the problem of mass incarceration — and the perverse incentives that fuel it — on the national agenda. Over the last 16 years, our campaigns have protected our democracy from the prison system and protected the poorest families in this country from the predatory prison telephone industry. Our reports untangle the statistics and recruit new allies.

But now, more than ever, we need your help to put data & compassion into the conversation. Any gift you can make today will be matched by other donors and go twice as far.

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—Peter Wagner, Executive DirectorDonate

Section III: The Prison Economy

Prisoners and the Census

  • Percentage of prisoners counted by the decennial Census as residents where they are incarcerated rather than at their homes534: 100%
  • Percentage of New York prisoners from New York City535: 65.5%
  • Percentage of New York prisoners from the upstate region536: 24.2%
  • Percentage of New York prisoners incarcerated in an upstate prison537: 91%
  • Percentage of New York prisons built since 1982 upstate538: 100%
  • Year New York State sent jail inmate Michael Cady to prison for using his jail address to register to vote539: 1893
  • Number of years Cady had lived at the Tombs jail540: 7
  • Approximate number of times Cady confessed to vagrancy so he could stay for another 6 months541: 14
  • Percent of New York State Court of Appeals justices who voted to uphold the conviction because a prison cannot be a residence address542: 100%
  • Likely number of current New York State prisoners who choose to live at the prison the way Michael Cady did: 0
  • Number of New York State Senate districts based in part on prisoners that don't live in the district543: 23
  • Number of Senate districts that are at least 2% prisoners544: 4
  • Number of New York State Assembly districts based in part on prisoners that don't live in the district545: 34
  • Number of Assembly districts that are at least 2% prisoners546: 10
  • Percentage of new district belonging to Redistricting Taskforce member Chris Ortloff that is prisoners547: 6.99%
  • Number of African-American adults in Ortloff's district548: 5,594
  • Percent of African-American adults in Ortloff's district who are barred by law because they are prisoners from ever voting for or against him549: 82.6%
  • Year the Supreme Court first ruled that the 14th Amendment required legislative districts to be based on equal population and the principle of "one person one vote"550: 1964
  • Number of years where New York has not counted prisoners as residents of legislative districts where they are incarcerated551: 0

This page is an excerpt from The Prison Index: Taking the Pulse of the Crime Control Industry (April 2003) by Peter Wagner, published by the Western Prison Project and the Prison Policy Initiative.

Footnotes

534 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 4.

535 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 4.

536 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 5.

537 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 4

538 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 4.

539 New York v. Cady 143 NY 100 (1894).

540 New York v. Cady 143 NY 100 (1894).

541 New York v. Cady 143 NY 100 (1894).

542 New York v. Cady 143 NY 100 (1894).

543 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing,Figure 10.

544 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 8.

545 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, Figure 11.

546 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 8.

547 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 8.

548 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 8.

549 Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing, p. 8.

550 Reynolds v. Sims 377 US 533 (1964).

551 Peter Wagner, Peter Wagner, Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York, April 22, 2002 http://www.prisonpolicy.org/importing: Prisoners and Political Clout in New York

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Events

  • November 29, 2017:
    Legal Director Aleks Kajstura will be in DC speaking at the congressional Democratic Women’s Working Group dinner about women’s mass incarceration.

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