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Immigration Detainees

Immigration detainment practices and statistics

  • Indefensible: A Decade of Mass Incarceration of Migrants Prosecuted for Crossing the Border,
    Grassroots Leadership, Justice Strategies, July, 2016
    “The criminal prosecution of migrants crossing our southern border has had profound impacts on the federal courts and federal prisons over the last decade.”
  • Isolated in Essex: Punishing immigrants through solitary confinement,
    New Jersey Advocates for Immigrant Detainees, American Friends Service Committee, and New York University School of Law Immigrants Rights Clinic, June, 2016
    “This report completes the picture by presenting an analysis of previously unavailable data regarding the use of disciplinary solitary confinement (“disciplinary segregation”) against immigrant detainees in Essex County Correctional Facility[.]”
  • Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2016,
    Prison Policy Initiative, March, 2016
    (The American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people in thousands of facilities, and we go deeper to provide further detail on where and why.)
  • Fatal Neglect: How ICE Ignores Deaths in Detention,
    ACLU; Detention Watch Network; National Immigrant Justice Center, February, 2016
    “This report examines egregious violations of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) own medical care standards that played a significant role in eight in-custody deaths from 2010 to 2012.”
  • Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2015,
    Prison Policy Initiative, December, 2015
    (The U.S. locks up more than 2.3 million people in prisons, jails, and other facilities on any given day.)
  • A Price Too High: US Families Torn Apart by Deportations for Drug Offenses,
    Human Rights Watch, June, 2015
    “[T]he US is deporting a significant number of both permanent residents and undocumented individuals with strong family and community ties to the US, often for minor or old drug offenses.”
  • Unlocking Human Dignity: A Plan to Transform the U.S. Immigrant Detention System, [PDF]
    Migration and Refugee Services/United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and The Center for Migration Studies, May, 2015
    “The US immigrant detention system grew more than fivefold between 1994 and 2013.”
  • A Changing Landscape: Pennsylvania Counties Reevaluate Policies on Immigration Detainers, [PDF]
    Sheller Center for Social Justice at the Temple University Beasley School of Law, March, 2015
    (Pennsylvania counties are moving away from honoring ICE detainers; a number of counties cited that these changes were undertaken in order to comply with the Third Circuit Court of Appeals' decision in Galarza to avoid the possibility of legal liability.)
  • For-Profit Family Detention: Meet the Private Prison Corporations Making Millions by Locking Up Refugee Families, [PDF]
    Grassroots Leadership; Justice Strategies, October, 2014
    “This report will scrutinize GEO’s dismal track record with operation of facilities holding immigrants, as well as its dreadful past history of failing to provide vulnerable children and youths with a safe and humane custodial environment.”
  • Does Immigration Enforcement Reduce Crime? Evidence from "Secure Communities", [PDF]
    University of Chicago Law; New York University Law School, August, 2014
    “Our results show that Secure Communities has led to no meaningful reductions in the FBI index crime rate.”
  • Warehoused and Forgotten Immigrants Trapped in Our Shadow Private Prison System, [PDF]
    American Civil Liberties Union, June, 2014
    “Nationwide, more than half of all federal criminal prosecutions initiated in fiscal year 2013 were for unlawfully crossing the border into the United States”
  • Are Immigration Detainer Practices Rational? [PDF]
    Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, September, 2013
    “According to these data, an undocumented foreign national with a traffic offense is more likely to be booked into ICE detention than one with a homicide, forcible rape, robbery, or aggravated assault offense.”
  • The Effect of Immigration Detainers in a Post-Realignment California [PDF]
    CJCJ, August, 2013
    “89 percent of said non-criminal ICE detentions in California are in local jails and facilities. These detentions cost taxpayers approximately $16.3 million for local jail holds during the 30-month period studied”
  • Turning Migrants Into Criminals: The Harmful Impact of US Border Prosecutions, [PDF]
    Human Rights Watch, May, 2013
    “But the prosecutions of illegal entry offenses happening today are overbroad... and are thus draining resources that could go to efforts to increase public safety and create a more secure, efficient, and humane immigration system.”
  • Who Are the Targets of ICE Detainers? [Website]
    Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, February, 2013
    “In more than two out of three (77.4%) of the detainers issued by ICE, the record shows that the individual who had been identified had no criminal record — either at the time the detainer was issued or subsequently.”
  • Immigration Enforcement in the United States: The Rise of a Formidable Machinery, [PDF]
    Migration Policy Institute, January, 2013
    “the US government spends more on its immigration enforcement agencies than on all its other principal criminal federal law enforcement agencies combined. In fY 2012, spending for the primary immigration enforcement agencies reached nearly $18 billion.”
  • Policing Immigration [PDF]
    New York University School of Law; University of Chicago Law School, 2013
    “The data undermine the government's claim that Secure Communities is principally about making communities more secure from crime.”
  • Invisible in Isolation The Use of Segregation and Solitary Confinement in Immigrant Detention, [PDF]
    Heartland Alliance and Physicians for Human Rights, September, 2012
    “This report, the first of its kind, aims to examine the use of segregation and solitary confinement in the immigration detention system, share individual experiences, and provide concrete recommendations to eradicate the use of solitary confinement [...].”
  • Dollars and Detainees The Growth of For-Profit Detention, [PDF]
    Sentencing Project, July, 2012
    “Between 2002-2010 [...] privately-held ICE and U.S. Marshals Service detainees increased by 206% and 322%, respectively. In contrast there was respective growth of 28% and 67% in the number of state and federal prisoners held in private facilities.”
  • Immigration Offenders in the Federal Justice System, 2010 [PDF]
    Bureau of Justice Statistics, July, 2012
    “Apprehensions for immigration violations peaked at 1.8 million in 2000 but dropped to 516,992 in 2010 — the lowest level since 1972. Between 2004 and 2010, the number of Border Patrol officers nearly doubled, increasing from 10,819 to 20,558.”
  • Jails and Jumpsuits: Transforming the U.S. Immigration Detention System-A Two-Year Review, [PDF]
    Human Rights First, September, 2011
    “In July 2009, approximately 50 percent of ICE's population was held in actual correctional facilities that also housed criminal detainees.”
  • Immigration Detention and the Law U.S. Policy and Legal Framework,
    Global Detention Project, August, 2010
    “The major factor driving the overall increase has been the sharp rise in individuals prosecuted for immigration offenses. Last year immigration prosecutions jumped 15.7 percent—from 79,431 during FY 2008 to 91,899 in FY 2009.”
  • Justice for Immigration's Hidden Population Protecting the Rights of Persons with Mental Disabilities in the Immigration Court and Detention System, [PDF]
    Texas Appleseed, March, 2010
    “Detention often exacerbates mental illness,3 separates immigrants with mental disabilities from therapeutic services and family, frequently leads to misdiagnosis, and interrupts continuity of care.”
  • Locked Up Far Away: The Transfer of Immigrants to Remote Detention Centers in the United States, [PDF]
    Human Rights Watch, December, 2009
  • The Myth of Immigrant Criminality and the Paradox of Assimilation: Incarceration Rates among Native and Foreign-Born Men, [PDF]
    American Immigration Law Foundation, February, 2007
    “[F]or every ethnic group without exception, incarceration rates among young men are lowest for immigrants, even those who are the least educated.”
  • Foreign Nationals in Michigan Prisons an examination of the costs, [PDF]
    Citizens Alliance on Prisons and Public Spending, April, 2006
    “The Governor should appoint an independent panel to review all alien prisoners, making recommendations for commutation and culling those who are eligible for removal before serving their entire sentence. The Governor should then request their removal.”
  • Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor... A Report on Due Process Issues in the Handling of Immigration Detainees in Massachusetts, [PDF]
    Detention Working Group - Massachusetts Chapter of the National Lawyers Guild, July, 2005
  • USA: Unaccompanied Children in Immigration Detention, [PDF]
    Amnesty International, June, 2003
  • Beyond Locked Doors: Abuse of Refugee Women at the Krome Detention Facility, [PDF]
    Women's Commission for Refugee Women & Children, October, 2002
  • Immigration Offenders in the Federal Criminal Justice System, 2000 [PDF]
    Bureau of Justice Statistics, August, 2002
    “immigration law prosecutions double, 1996-2000”
  • Prison Guard or Parent? INS Treatment of Unaccompanied Refugee Children, [PDF]
    Women's Commission for Refugee Women & Children, May, 2002
  • Detained and Deprived of Rights: Children in the Custody of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service,
    Human Rights Watch, December, 1998
  • Protecting the Rights of Children: The Need for U.S. Children's Asylum Guidelines, [PDF]
    Women's Commission for Refugee Women & Children, December, 1998
  • Locked Away: Immigration Detainees in Jails in the United States,
    Human Rights Watch, September, 1998
  • Forgotten Prisoners: A Follow-Up Report on Refugee Women Incarcerated in York County, Pennsylvania, [PDF]
    Women's Commission for Refugee Women & Children, July, 1998
  • Slipping through the cracks: Unaccompanied Children Detained by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service,
    Human Rights Watch, April, 1997
  • Liberty Denied: Women Seeking Asylum Imprisoned in the United States, [PDF]
    Women's Commission for Refugee Women & Children, April, 1997

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