Chart showing how many people in the U.S. are directly impacted by mass incarceration. In addition to the 2.3 million people incarcerated today, 4.9 million are formerly imprisoned, 19 million have been convicted of a felony, 77 million have a criminal record, and 113 million adults have an immediate family member who has ever been to prison or jail.

Data Source: Compiled by the Prison Policy Initiative from 2016 and 2017 Bureau of Justice Statistics data; The Growth, Scope, and Spatial Distribution of People With Felony Records in the United States, 1948–2010; and FWD.us (2018) Every Second: The Impact of the Incarceration Crisis on America's Families. (Graph: Wendy Sawyer & Peter Wagner, 2020)

This graph originally appeared in Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2020.

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