I need your help.
150000
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I co-founded the Prison Policy Initiative to put the problem of mass incarceration — and the perverse incentives that fuel it — on the national agenda. Over the last 17 years, our campaigns have protected our democracy from the prison system and protected the poorest families in this country from the predatory prison telephone industry. Our reports untangle the statistics and recruit new allies.

But now, more than ever, we need your help to put data & compassion into the conversation. Any gift you can make today will be matched by other donors and go twice as far.

Thank you.
—Peter Wagner, Executive DirectorDonate
Figure 9. Current Assembly Districts, 2000 population.
Assembly District Current Assemblyperson Type Population Adults Blacks Black Adults Prisoners Black Prisoners % District incarcerated % Black Adults Disenfran-chised
1 Patricia L. Acampora Suburban NYC 140,056 104,516 5,878 3,909 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
2 Fred W. Thiele Jr. Suburban NYC 139,312 104,364 6,714 4,638 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
3 Patricia A. Eddington Suburban NYC 130,398 96,530 9,108 5,845 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
4 Steve Englebright Suburban NYC 129,060 96,763 3,853 3,067 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
5 Steve Levy Suburban NYC 132,518 95,430 17,051 11,261 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
6 Robert C. Wertz Suburban NYC 122,850 90,817 786 575 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
7 Thomas F. Barraga Suburban NYC 126,617 92,130 4,863 3,119 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
8 Philip M. Boyle Suburban NYC 126,133 92,988 5,854 3,994 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
9 John J. Flanagan Suburban NYC 120,683 90,110 3,756 2,644 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
10 James D. Conte Suburban NYC 123,133 92,141 5,265 3,540 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
11 Robert K. Sweeney Suburban NYC 128,609 93,499 30,134 19,899 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
12 Steven L. Labriola Suburban NYC 117,612 88,532 2,731 1,943 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
13 David S. Sidikman Suburban NYC 121,588 91,254 10,694 7,754 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
14 Marc Herbst Suburban NYC 119,180 90,503 454 324 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
15 Donna Ferrara Suburban NYC 121,576 92,728 3,917 3,173 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
16 Thomas P. DiNapoli Suburban NYC 120,525 91,604 3,096 2,369 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
17 Maureen C. O'Connell Suburban NYC 119,095 90,738 7,234 5,105 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
18 Earlene Hooper Suburban NYC 130,451 94,702 68,054 47,837 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
19 David G. McDonough Suburban NYC 116,786 87,223 3,472 2,379 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
20 Harvey Weisenberg Suburban NYC 122,329 92,966 5,470 3,794 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
21 Bob Barra Suburban NYC 121,386 91,984 6,063 3,981 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
22 Tom Alfano Urban NYC 124,016 93,231 18,675 12,382 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
23 Audrey I. Pheffer Urban NYC 141,880 108,111 13,712 9,839 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
24 Mark Weprin Urban NYC 130,561 103,922 8,673 6,750 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
25 Brian M. McLaughlin Urban NYC 139,650 111,276 5,912 4,619 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
26 Ann Margaret Carrozza Urban NYC 124,365 102,081 2,062 1,609 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
27 Nettie Mayersohn Urban NYC 136,021 105,767 11,239 8,611 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
28 Michael Cohen Urban NYC 131,441 109,962 2,707 2,279 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
29 William Scarborough Urban NYC 136,565 101,114 89,256 65,049 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
30 Margaret M. Markey Urban NYC 141,683 114,213 2,724 2,074 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
31 Pauline Rhodd-Cummings Urban NYC 134,805 94,496 78,449 53,686 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
32 Vivian E. Cook Urban NYC 138,688 100,276 72,545 52,013 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
33 Barbara M. Clark Urban NYC 137,376 101,618 86,858 63,605 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
34 Ivan C. Lafayette Urban NYC 160,439 121,535 4,006 3,173 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
35 Jeffrion L. Aubry Urban NYC 148,860 114,059 24,915 18,880 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
36 Michael N. Gianaris Urban NYC 140,143 115,847 1,823 1,496 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
37 Catherine Nolan Urban NYC 138,639 104,316 12,858 8,569 604 343 0.44% 4.00%
38 Anthony Seminerio Urban NYC 148,263 111,562 5,092 3,422 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
39 Frank R. Seddio Urban NYC 138,020 102,164 54,298 36,411 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
40 Diane Gordon Urban NYC 119,256 78,993 81,347 53,805 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
41 Helene E. Weinstein Urban NYC 129,724 97,535 55,634 40,042 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
42 Rhoda Jacobs Urban NYC 115,579 81,073 82,756 57,834 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
43 Clarence Norman Jr. Urban NYC 106,657 76,726 82,774 60,848 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
44 James F. Brennan Urban NYC 121,354 94,240 16,236 12,091 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
45 Steven Cymbrowitz Urban NYC 128,983 99,446 2,219 1,642 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
46 Adele Cohen Urban NYC 119,439 92,807 17,266 10,853 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
47 William Colton Urban NYC 129,498 102,534 687 539 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
48 Dov Hikind Urban NYC 134,806 92,768 2,125 1,588 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
49 Peter J. Abbate Jr. Urban NYC 134,782 101,940 374 294 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
50 Joseph R. Lentol Urban NYC 119,330 84,310 19,866 14,026 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
51 Felix Ortiz Urban NYC 129,373 93,314 11,843 8,116 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
52 Joan L. Millman Urban NYC 127,794 108,177 7,143 6,356 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
53 Vito J. Lopez Urban NYC 113,137 79,647 9,161 6,189 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
54 Darryl C. Towns Urban NYC 126,235 83,307 32,071 20,779 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
55 William F. Boyland Urban NYC 118,487 76,884 93,607 61,050 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
56 Annette Robinson Urban NYC 118,185 81,852 96,129 66,789 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
57 Roger L. Green Urban NYC 114,155 87,750 78,597 58,551 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
58 N. Nick Perry Urban NYC 120,532 87,360 104,450 74,982 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
59 John W. Lavelle Urban NYC 147,528 105,705 33,887 21,462 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
60 Matthew Mirones Urban NYC 144,209 110,445 4,610 3,219 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
61 Robert A. Straniere Urban NYC 151,991 114,320 1,207 1,033 959 471 0.63% 45.60%
62 Sheldon Silver Urban NYC 129,000 108,367 6,550 5,322 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
63 Steven Sanders Urban NYC 123,755 107,431 9,623 7,460 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
64 Richard N. Gottfried Urban NYC 126,782 116,994 6,951 6,005 438 244 0.35% 4.06%
65 Alexander B. Pete Grannis Urban NYC 129,793 116,191 5,056 4,293 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
66 Deborah J. Glick Urban NYC 130,379 119,667 4,952 4,467 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
67 Scott Stringer Urban NYC 126,533 112,219 6,433 5,589 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
68 Adam Clayton Powell IV Urban NYC 131,303 95,080 43,538 30,841 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
69 Edward C. Sullivan Urban NYC 119,782 101,633 21,331 17,111 376 190 0.31% 1.11%
70 Keith L.T. Wright Urban NYC 134,956 98,995 81,511 61,225 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
71 Herman D. Farrell Jr. Urban NYC 130,775 99,487 38,676 29,627 449 205 0.34% 0.69%
72 Adriano Espaillat Urban NYC 128,885 92,274 8,028 6,166 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
73 John Ravitz Urban NYC 125,252 110,941 2,049 1,840 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
74 Carmen E. Arroyo Urban NYC 131,448 85,587 33,271 21,605 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
75 Ruben Diaz Urban NYC 128,858 90,100 44,342 32,000 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
76 Peter M. Rivera Urban NYC 134,313 93,323 35,835 24,902 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
77 Aurelia Greene Urban NYC 138,270 89,827 53,470 35,874 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
78 Jose Rivera Urban NYC 130,941 86,759 31,902 21,712 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
79 Gloria Davis Urban NYC 136,452 88,271 53,114 34,737 232 87 0.17% 0.25%
80 Jeff Klein Urban NYC 135,515 101,720 22,732 16,278 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
81 Jeffrey Dinowitz Urban NYC 127,227 98,073 19,297 14,052 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
82 Stephen B. Kaufman Urban NYC 129,843 101,191 26,539 20,105 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
83 Carl E. Heastie Urban NYC 139,783 100,427 95,836 68,475 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
84 J. Gary Pretlow Suburban NYC 129,870 92,655 57,578 39,504 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
85 Ronald C. Tocci Suburban NYC 132,429 99,782 7,951 5,976 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
86 Richard L. Brodsky Suburban NYC 129,985 98,206 12,955 9,496 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
87 Michael J. Spano Suburban NYC 129,729 102,935 10,661 7,432 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
88 Amy Paulin Suburban NYC 133,000 99,220 18,263 13,541 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
89 Naomi C. Matusow Suburban NYC 134,686 99,737 4,701 3,791 1,318 699 0.98% 18.44%
90 Sandy Galef Suburban NYC 133,760 100,127 13,118 9,587 2,264 1,241 1.69% 12.94%
91 Will Stephens Jr. Rural 134,879 98,600 2,529 1,854 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
92 Alexander J. Gromack Rural 127,853 95,096 10,783 7,293 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
93 Sam Colman Rural 137,099 95,342 18,886 12,859 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
94 Nancy Calhoun Rural 135,696 94,303 4,492 3,099 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
95 Howard Mills Rural 140,792 103,914 9,148 7,300 5,934 3,077 4.21% 42.15%
96 Tom Kirwan Rural 127,041 91,842 24,647 15,596 2,488 1,322 1.96% 8.48%
97 Joel M. Miller Rural 128,224 98,163 7,723 5,771 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
98 Jacob E. Gunther III Rural 129,730 95,529 9,888 7,008 1,784 876 1.38% 12.50%
99 Pat Manning Rural 130,639 98,226 6,631 5,150 4,135 2,119 3.17% 41.15%
100 Roy McDonald Rural 129,294 98,080 3,159 2,812 3,611 1,849 2.79% 65.75%
101 Kevin A. Cahill Rural 125,303 96,330 5,713 4,133 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
102 John J. Faso Rural 126,181 94,699 3,244 2,748 3,108 1,639 2.46% 59.64%
103 James Tedisco Rural 124,901 93,607 5,610 3,615 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
104 John J. McEneny Upstate Urban 119,499 96,231 11,923 8,173 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
105 Paul D. Tonko Rural 118,215 89,305 4,613 2,831 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
106 Ron Canestrari Upstate Urban 112,186 84,793 20,738 13,350 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
107 Robert G. Prentiss Upstate Urban 132,780 101,396 3,588 2,683 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
108 Pat M. Casale Rural 123,332 92,485 2,089 1,359 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
109 Elizabeth O'C. Little Rural 127,790 97,421 1,895 1,721 1,361 629 1.07% 36.55%
110 Chris Ortloff Rural 118,513 91,732 5,414 5,146 8,889 4,430 7.50% 86.09%
111 William Magee Rural 118,017 90,262 1,847 1,505 257 148 0.22% 9.83%
112 Dede Scozzafava Rural 119,067 90,388 2,574 2,400 3,132 1,642 2.63% 68.42%
113 Marc W. Butler Rural 124,879 94,440 1,266 851 492 253 0.39% 29.73%
114 H. Robert Nortz Rural 118,425 86,922 6,275 4,554 2,159 1,149 1.82% 25.23%
115 David R. Townsend Jr. Rural 117,238 88,184 1,099 737 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
116 RoAnn M. Destito Rural 99,719 76,925 11,680 8,485 5,031 2,423 5.05% 28.56%
117 Frances T. Sullivan Rural 122,377 89,629 674 522 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
118 William Sanford Upstate Urban 120,077 88,656 3,049 2,023 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
119 Joan K. Christensen Upstate Urban 108,915 79,276 27,053 16,546 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
120 William B. Magnarelli Upstate Urban 107,571 82,876 10,865 6,891 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
121 Harold C. Brown Jr. Rural 121,773 89,447 805 539 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
122 Clifford W. Crouch Rural 118,421 89,365 1,075 741 256 135 0.22% 18.22%
123 Jay J. Dinga Rural 115,872 87,664 1,677 1,118 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
124 Robert J. Warner Rural 110,149 85,465 4,735 3,188 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
125 Martin A. Luster Rural 123,160 99,595 3,617 2,633 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
126 Gary D. Finch Rural 116,550 86,338 3,307 2,675 3,014 1,562 2.59% 58.39%
127 George H. Winner Jr. Rural 117,369 87,949 5,264 4,001 2,742 1,518 2.34% 37.94%
128 Bob Oaks Rural 127,107 93,119 3,681 2,684 537 289 0.42% 10.77%
129 Brian M. Kolb Rural 124,555 92,784 2,020 1,385 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
130 Jim Bacalles Rural 117,950 87,378 1,594 1,115 291 147 0.25% 13.18%
131 Susan V. John Upstate Urban 116,895 88,573 23,972 15,195 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
132 Joseph D. Morelle Upstate Urban 116,066 92,097 6,627 4,519 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
133 David F. Gantt Upstate Urban 110,234 74,109 54,074 33,116 101 35 0.09% 0.11%
134 Joseph E. Robach Upstate Urban 120,723 90,199 6,857 4,317 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
135 David Koon Upstate Urban 135,288 99,789 2,250 1,598 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
136 Joseph A. Errigo Rural 129,450 99,452 4,866 3,823 2,394 1,151 1.85% 30.11%
137 Charlie Nesbitt Rural 127,840 94,560 4,520 3,722 2,851 1,528 2.23% 41.05%
138 Francine DelMonte Rural 113,941 86,173 10,972 7,005 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
139 David E. Seaman Rural 122,845 91,675 3,075 2,045 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
140 Robin Schimminger Upstate Urban 112,993 87,956 2,881 1,980 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
141 Arthur O. Eve Upstate Urban 101,691 71,007 80,651 54,036 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
142 Jim Hayes Upstate Urban 124,241 96,495 7,181 4,882 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
143 Paul A. Tokasz Upstate Urban 111,466 86,869 9,694 5,890 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
144 Sam Hoyt Upstate Urban 113,277 86,367 14,640 10,275 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
145 Brian Higgins Upstate Urban 120,839 91,043 1,358 1,105 1,095 562 0.91% 50.86%
146 Richard A. Smith Rural 123,718 92,753 4,084 3,243 3,864 1,767 3.12% 54.49%
147 Daniel J. Burling Rural 123,696 91,772 2,911 2,721 3,992 2,118 3.23% 77.84%
148 Sandra Lee Wirth Rural 130,822 98,937 749 520 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
149 Catharine M. Young Rural 117,242 87,823 1,150 796 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
150 William L. Parment Rural 118,402 89,521 2,738 2,047 1,308 601 1.10% 29.36%

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