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Correctional Control: Incarceration and supervision by state

State Federal prison State prison Local jails Youth facilities Civil Commitment Indian Country Jails Parole Probation Total correctional control Federal prison rate State prison rate Local jails rate Youth facilities rate Civil Commitment rate Indian Country Jails rate Parole rate Probation rate Total correctional control rate Parolees per 100 people in state prison
Alabama 3,547 31,771 12,595 870 0 0 7,781 52,793 109,357 73 655 260 18 0 0 160 1,088 2,254 24.5
Alaska 403 5,216 0 195 0 0 2,124 6,965 14,904 55 707 0 26 0 0 288 944 2,020 40.7
Arizona 3,590 42,259 15,191 864 94 847 7,210 72,076 142,131 52 623 226 13 1 13 106 1,063 2,098 17.1
Arkansas 1,525 17,874 3,702 672 0 0 20,896 27,747 72,415 51 601 125 23 0 0 703 933 2,436 116.9
California 12,504 136,088 84,115 8,061 929 0 83,709 290,811 616,217 32 349 217 21 2 0 215 746 1,582 61.5
Colorado 1,548 20,646 12,265 1,068 0 44 9,675 77,741 122,987 28 382 229 20 0 1 179 1,438 2,277 46.9
Connecticut 1,199 16,636 0 279 0 0 2,464 42,390 62,968 33 463 0 8 0 0 69 1,180 1,753 14.8
Delaware 347 6,955 0 159 0 0 650 15,418 23,528 36 739 0 17 0 0 69 1,639 2,500 9.3
District of Columbia 5,553 n/a 2,414 228 0 0 5,074 6,382 19,650 820 0 366 35 0 0 762 958 2,940 n/a
Florida 15,400 102,870 56,142 2,781 633 0 4,343 223,502 405,670 75 512 282 14 3 0 22 1,113 2,021 4.2
Georgia 5,747 52,949 43,314 1,554 0 0 24,551 463,631 591,746 56 521 429 15 0 0 242 4,565 5,829 46.4
Hawaii 1,447 5,866 0 78 0 0 1,480 20,601 29,471 101 411 0 6 0 0 104 1,445 2,066 25.2
Idaho 441 8,117 2,560 447 0 57 4,053 32,922 48,597 26 493 157 28 0 3 246 2,001 2,955 49.9
Illinois 7,551 48,278 20,618 1,614 538 0 28,489 120,255 227,342 59 375 160 13 4 0 221 934 1,766 59.0
Indiana 2,447 29,271 13,463 1,551 0 0 9,111 116,702 172,545 37 443 204 24 0 0 138 1,766 2,611 31.1
Iowa 2,665 8,838 4,812 717 0 0 5,544 29,457 52,032 85 284 155 23 0 0 178 945 1,670 62.7
Kansas 1,749 9,663 6,203 879 0 0 3,893 16,070 38,457 60 332 214 30 0 0 134 553 1,323 40.3
Kentucky 2,513 21,657 10,440 762 0 0 16,077 53,253 104,701 57 490 237 17 0 0 364 1,205 2,370 74.2
Louisiana 2,641 38,030 12,586 768 0 0 28,465 40,332 122,821 56 816 271 17 0 0 611 866 2,636 74.8
Maine 458 2,242 2,058 162 0 0 20 6,466 11,407 34 169 155 12 0 0 2 486 858 0.9
Maryland 4,450 21,011 8,842 771 0 0 11,087 78,283 124,444 74 351 148 13 0 0 185 1,307 2,077 52.8
Massachusetts 1,779 10,713 9,845 393 245 0 1,873 67,196 92,045 26 158 146 6 4 0 28 992 1,359 17.5
Michigan 3,904 43,390 14,166 1,659 0 8 17,695 177,732 258,555 39 437 143 17 0 0 178 1,792 2,607 40.8
Minnesota 1,875 10,637 8,331 891 701 64 6,383 96,119 125,001 34 194 153 16 13 1 117 1,756 2,284 60.0
Mississippi 1,672 18,793 4,772 243 0 45 9,498 33,855 68,878 56 628 159 8 0 2 317 1,131 2,301 50.5
Missouri 5,594 31,942 11,064 1,011 205 0 17,774 46,556 114,146 92 526 182 17 3 0 293 767 1,879 55.6
Montana 1,016 3,699 749 144 0 134 1,051 8,485 15,278 98 360 73 14 0 13 102 825 1,486 28.4
Nebraska 1,703 5,441 3,442 408 0 36 1,025 12,736 24,792 90 288 183 22 0 2 54 674 1,312 18.8
Nevada 1,137 12,537 7,070 492 0 0 5,696 11,837 38,769 39 438 249 17 0 0 199 413 1,355 45.4
New Hampshire 367 2,963 2,873 75 1 0 2,292 3,848 12,419 28 223 216 6 0 0 172 289 934 77.4
New Jersey 2,848 21,590 15,017 885 484 0 14,309 114,068 169,201 32 241 168 10 5 0 160 1,275 1,891 66.3
New Mexico 1,435 7,021 7,185 402 0 177 2,167 15,806 34,193 69 337 345 19 0 8 104 758 1,640 30.9
New York 10,362 52,518 22,813 1,641 360 0 43,139 102,608 233,442 52 266 116 8 2 0 218 519 1,181 82.1
North Carolina 8,110 37,096 20,156 465 0 0 9,634 89,483 164,945 80 371 203 5 0 0 96 896 1,651 26.0
North Dakota 488 1,718 1,695 171 56 99 561 5,497 10,285 64 230 229 23 8 13 75 734 1,376 32.7
Ohio 4,362 51,519 19,825 2,283 0 0 16,646 235,143 329,778 38 444 171 20 0 0 143 2,026 2,842 32.3
Oklahoma 2,215 27,650 8,913 516 0 7 2,460 28,117 69,878 56 710 230 13 0 0 63 722 1,794 8.9
Oregon 1,287 15,075 5,622 1,083 0 40 23,030 37,324 83,461 32 377 142 27 0 1 576 933 2,087 152.8
Pennsylvania 6,048 50,694 39,686 2,772 40 0 100,551 173,947 373,738 47 396 310 22 0 0 786 1,359 2,920 198.3
Rhode Island 444 3,359 0 159 0 0 450 23,223 27,635 42 318 0 15 0 0 43 2,200 2,618 13.4
South Carolina 3,954 21,401 10,453 669 169 0 5,021 34,542 76,209 80 440 216 14 3 0 103 710 1,568 23.5
South Dakota 1,111 3,608 3,022 330 0 145 2,509 6,696 17,421 129 422 354 39 0 17 293 782 2,036 69.5
Tennessee 5,347 28,769 21,601 666 0 0 12,972 61,956 131,311 81 438 330 10 0 0 197 942 1,998 45.1
Texas 20,490 166,043 55,804 4,356 0 0 107,069 381,974 735,736 74 610 207 16 0 0 393 1,403 2,703 64.5
Utah 1,272 7,026 4,064 612 0 0 3,183 11,794 27,950 42 237 138 21 0 0 107 397 942 45.3
Vermont 195 1,979 0 27 0 0 1,064 5,573 8,838 31 316 0 4 0 0 170 890 1,411 53.8
Virginia 6,081 37,544 22,009 1,554 329 0 1,664 54,098 123,280 72 449 264 19 4 0 20 647 1,476 4.4
Washington 2,460 18,120 13,736 1,011 289 217 9,495 92,626 137,953 34 255 194 14 4 3 133 1,302 1,940 52.4
West Virginia 1,548 6,896 3,484 504 0 0 2,642 7,061 22,135 84 373 188 27 0 0 143 382 1,199 38.3
Wisconsin 1,935 22,597 13,747 804 352 56 19,230 45,482 104,204 33 392 239 14 6 1 334 789 1,808 85.1
Wyoming 659 2,383 1,331 165 0 0 687 5,114 10,340 112 407 228 28 0 0 117 874 1,767 28.8
50 States and DC total 179,422 1,350,958 663,793 50,871 5,425 1,976 718,467 3,784,295 6,755,206 56 422 208 16 2 1 224 1,182 2,110 53.2

Sources and methodology

Federal prison
Number of people in federal prison from that state on April 26, 2016. For how we apportioned the federal prison population to the state of origin, see the full methodology.
State prison
Number of people in state prison in that state on December 31, 2014. See the full methodology for more detail.
Local jails
Number of people in local jails in that state held under local jurisdiction on June 30, 2014. To avoid double counting, people held under contract with other agencies are not included. See the full methodology for more detail.
Youth facilities
Number of people in held in youth placements outside of the home in that state on October 23, 2013. Youth under 18 held in adult facilities are not included here and are counted in the corresponding adult prison and jail column. See the full methodology for more detail.
Civil Commitment
Number of people in held in civil commitment facilities in that state in 2014. See the full methodology for more detail.
Indian Country Jails
Number of people in held in Indian Country jails within that state in June 2014. See the full methodology for more detail.
Parole
Number of people on parole in that state on December 31, 2014. See the full methodology for more detail.
Probation
Number of people on probation in that state on December 31, 2014. See the full methodology for more detail.
Total correctional control
This is the sum of the previous 8 columns.
Federal prison rate
This is the number of people in federal prison from that state per 100,000 people in that state.
State prison rate
This is the number of people in state prison in that state per 100,000 people in that state.
Local jails rate
This is the number of people in local jails in that state - not including people held under contract with other authorities - per 100,000 people in that state.
Youth facilities rate
This is the number of people in youth facilities outside the home in that state per 100,000 people in that state. Note that that is different than other statistics calculated per 100,000 youth.
Civil Commitment rate
This is the number of people in civil commitment facilities in that state per 100,000 people in that state.
Indian Country Jails rate
This is the number of people in Indian Country jails within that state per 100,000 people in that state.
Parole rate
This is the number of people on parole in state per 100,000 people in that state. This figure may be different than other statistics based on the number per 100,000 adults.
Probation rate
This is the number of people on probation in state per 100,000 people in that state. This figure may be different than other statistics based on the number per 100,000 adults.
Total correctional control rate
This is the sum of the previous eight columns. There may be slight discrepancies due to rounding.
Parolees per 100 people in state prison
This is the number of parolees in that state divided by the number of people in state prison and then multiplied by 100.
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