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Era of Mass Expansion:

Why State Officials Should Fight Jail Growth

a Prison Policy Initiative Report
by Joshua Aiken
May 31, 2017

 

Table 5.
Jail and prison incarcerated populations by state over time

Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont have combined prison and jail systems and therefore do not report jail data to the Bureau of Justice Statistics. See our methodology. Values of zero were reported by the Bureau of Justice Statistics as zero, blank values were not reported.
State Population type 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama prison population 5,625 5,464 6,543 7,657 9,233 9,856 10,482 11,015 11,710 12,827 12,610 13,907 15,665 16,760 17,453 18,624 19,573 20,718 21,760 22,290 22,676 24,658 26,406 26,741 27,947 27,913 25,887 27,888 28,241 29,412 30,508 31,874 31,764 32,270 32,431 32,381 31,771 30,810
Alabama jail population 3,642 3,636 3,515 3,424 3,755 3,838 4,381 4,439 4,322 4,072 4,363 4,665 5,673 6,070 7,262 7,873 7,801 8,819 8,722 8,336 9,028 9,327 9,041 10,661 10,249 10,504 10,954 11,430 12,836 13,354 13,475 10,734 12,830 12,344 11,738 10,436
Alabama held for federal authorities 45 45 45 45 45 45 49 53 58 62 66 83 100 116 133 150 195 241 286 331 377 422 509 595 682 769 855 942 925 908 891 875 858 841 824 807
Alabama held for state prisons 1,340 1,317 1,410 1,472 1,113 1,001 457 398 514 763 471 1,018 858 1,310 966 1,204 1,547 800 1,168 1,824 1,403 1,375 3,401 601 2,449 1,340 1,645 2,281 1,160 1,596 1,790 2,260 1,366 2,148 2,382 2,090
Alabama unadjusted jail population 5,027 4,998 4,970 4,941 4,913 4,884 4,887 4,890 4,894 4,897 4,900 5,765 6,631 7,496 8,362 9,227 9,543 9,859 10,176 10,492 10,808 11,124 12,951 11,857 13,380 12,613 13,454 14,653 14,921 15,858 16,156 13,868 15,054 15,333 14,944 13,333
Alaska prison population 712 760 822 1,024 1,322 1,631 1,967 2,329 2,460 2,528 2,588 2,744 2,622 2,706 2,865 2,703 3,292 3,522 3,716 4,165 4,097 3,949 4,173 4,571 4,398 4,527 4,554 4,812 5,069 5,167 5,014 5,285 5,391 5,597 5,633 5,081 5,794 5,338
Arizona prison population 3,456 3,749 4,372 5,223 6,069 6,889 7,845 8,531 9,434 10,948 12,095 13,251 14,261 15,415 16,477 17,811 19,746 21,341 22,493 23,484 25,515 25,986 26,510 27,710 29,359 31,170 32,515 33,471 35,801 37,746 39,502 40,544 40,209 40,020 40,080 41,177 42,259 42,719
Arizona jail population 2,231 2,332 2,433 2,535 2,636 2,737 3,293 3,849 4,405 4,961 5,032 7,007 8,678 10,288 11,848 13,393 12,871 12,106 11,743 11,095 10,548 10,167 10,160 12,753 11,959 13,102 13,897 14,526 14,410 15,820 17,082 14,287 12,445 12,629 13,662 13,434
Arizona held for federal authorities 177 177 177 176 176 176 199 222 245 268 291 281 270 260 249 239 272 305 338 370 403 436 462 488 514 539 565 591 632 674 715 756 797 839 880 921
Arizona held for state prisons 0 485 117 52 49 95 157 118 322 124 211 197 17 237 349 232 174 186 185 43 46 47 0 0 0 0 0
Arizona unadjusted jail population 2,408 2,509 2,610 2,711 2,812 2,913 3,492 4,071 4,650 5,229 5,808 7,404 9,000 10,597 12,193 13,789 13,261 12,733 12,205 11,676 11,148 10,620 10,859 13,590 12,704 13,815 14,648 15,302 15,085 16,539 17,844 15,043 13,242 13,467 14,542 14,355
Arkansas prison population 2,654 3,042 2,911 3,328 3,922 4,246 4,482 4,611 4,701 5,441 5,519 6,649 7,322 7,766 8,285 8,625 8,957 8,910 9,407 10,021 10,638 11,415 11,915 12,594 13,091 13,315 13,807 13,511 13,729 14,314 14,716 15,208 16,204 16,108 14,654 17,235 17,874 17,707
Arkansas jail population 1,179 1,262 1,346 1,429 1,513 1,596 1,662 1,613 1,336 1,810 1,586 1,474 1,437 2,271 2,006 1,979 2,683 2,646 2,458 2,620 3,902 3,968 4,370 4,443 4,758 5,046 4,747 4,773 5,348 5,749 5,584 5,409 5,152 6,004 6,543 3,813
Arkansas held for federal authorities 38 37 36 36 35 34 34 34 33 33 33 37 42 46 51 55 74 93 112 131 150 169 173 177 182 186 190 194 212 230 248 266 284 302 320 338
Arkansas held for state prisons 0 115 458 50 340 596 777 87 496 667 301 675 1,201 1,376 432 703 728 951 1,172 1,016 1,230 1,056 842 1,007 1,541 1,778 1,984 883 584 2,916
Arkansas unadjusted jail population 1,217 1,300 1,382 1,465 1,547 1,630 1,696 1,762 1,827 1,893 1,959 2,107 2,256 2,404 2,553 2,701 3,058 3,414 3,771 4,127 4,484 4,840 5,271 5,571 6,111 6,248 6,167 6,023 6,402 6,986 7,373 7,453 7,420 7,189 7,447 7,067
California prison population 21,325 22,632 24,569 29,202 34,640 39,373 43,197 50,158 59,484 66,975 76,171 87,297 97,309 101,808 109,496 119,951 126,091 135,646 146,049 155,790 161,904 163,067 163,001 159,444 161,361 164,487 166,556 170,676 175,512 174,282 173,670 171,275 165,062 149,569 134,534 135,981 136,085 129,593
California jail population 25,774 28,660 31,546 33,833 36,229 38,965 43,171 48,041 53,642 58,121 62,600 78,462 94,324 110,105 126,048 141,910 130,549 119,187 107,826 96,465 85,103 70,916 65,633 65,441 68,684 69,398 71,122 75,008 74,955 76,174 76,568 74,894 68,553 67,716 75,575 77,859
California held for federal authorities 425 423 422 420 419 417 485 554 622 691 759 931 1,103 1,274 1,446 1,618 2,051 2,483 2,916 3,349 3,781 4,214 4,249 4,284 4,320 4,355 4,390 4,425 4,356 4,286 4,217 4,147 4,078 4,008 3,939 3,869
California held for state prisons 600 1,090 1,240 1,513 1,122 81 2,826 2,758 2,727 2,591 2,415 2,452 2,518 2,468 3,023 2,736 2,611 2,200 57 0 0
California unadjusted jail population 26,199 29,084 31,968 34,853 37,737 40,622 45,169 49,717 54,264 58,812 63,359 79,393 95,427 111,460 127,494 143,528 132,599 121,671 110,742 99,813 88,885 77,956 72,640 72,452 75,594 76,168 77,964 81,951 81,778 83,483 83,520 81,652 74,830 71,781 79,513 81,728
Colorado prison population 2,486 2,668 2,629 2,772 3,042 3,244 3,231 3,386 3,804 4,808 5,765 6,908 7,671 8,392 8,997 9,462 10,717 11,063 12,438 13,461 14,312 15,670 16,833 17,448 18,833 19,671 20,293 21,456 22,481 22,841 23,274 22,795 22,815 21,978 20,462 20,371 20,646 20,168
Colorado jail population 1,570 1,753 1,936 2,118 2,057 2,273 2,699 2,987 3,262 3,771 4,032 5,144 6,102 7,956 8,620 10,106 8,942 9,247 8,352 7,347 6,236 5,996 6,781 9,942 10,522 10,964 10,287 12,117 12,718 12,652 12,344 12,443 11,956 10,991 11,762 11,637
Colorado held for federal authorities 62 57 53 48 44 39 59 79 99 119 139 122 105 87 70 53 64 75 86 96 107 118 221 323 426 528 631 733 723 714 704 694 684 675 665 655
Colorado held for state prisons 244 211 159 245 343 208 321 410 653 537 252 1,135 549 1,163 1,886 2,716 2,675 2,178 129 160 221 638 393 430 175 63 70 63 116 134 187
Colorado unadjusted jail population 1,632 1,810 1,988 2,167 2,345 2,523 2,917 3,311 3,704 4,098 4,492 5,676 6,860 8,043 9,227 10,411 10,141 9,870 9,600 9,330 9,059 8,789 9,179 10,394 11,107 11,713 11,555 13,243 13,871 13,540 13,111 13,207 12,703 11,781 12,561 12,479
Connecticut prison population 3,189 4,061 4,308 5,263 5,156 5,474 5,718 6,149 6,905 7,511 8,005 9,301 10,500 10,977 11,403 13,691 14,380 14,802 16,571 17,241 17,605 18,639 18,355 19,196 20,720 19,846 19,497 19,442 20,566 20,924 20,661 19,716 19,321 18,324 17,530 17,563 16,636 15,816
Delaware prison population 1,325 1,419 1,474 1,712 2,068 2,198 2,202 2,553 2,833 2,982 3,197 3,458 3,471 3,717 4,062 4,210 4,466 4,836 5,110 5,435 5,558 6,983 6,921 7,003 6,778 6,794 6,927 6,944 7,186 7,257 7,057 6,775 6,615 6,739 6,914 7,004 6,955 6,654
District of Columbia prison population 2,864 2,973 3,145 3,479 4,081 4,344 4,521 6,404 6,618 7,645 8,831 9,954 9,947 10,455 10,875 10,845 10,949 9,800 9,376 9,353 9,829 8,652 10,352 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
District of Columbia jail population 1,300 1,488 1,676 1,865 2,053 2,241 2,100 1,959 1,819 1,678 1,177 726 731 1,567 1,577 1,427 1,593 1,599 1,605 1,611 1,617 1,623 145 1,284 2,675 1,630 2,687 1,376 2,553 2,243 2,110 2,233 2,203 2,198 1,664 1,518
District of Columbia held for federal authorities 60 72 84 96 108 120 99 78 56 35 14 30 47 63 80 96 85 74 63 52 41 30 182 334 486 638 790 942 921 899 878 856 835 813 792 770
District of Columbia held for state prisons 0 360 821 826 160 0 1,329 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
District of Columbia unadjusted jail population 1,360 1,560 1,760 1,961 2,161 2,361 2,199 2,037 1,875 1,713 1,551 1,577 1,604 1,630 1,657 1,683 1,678 1,673 1,668 1,663 1,658 1,653 1,656 1,618 3,161 2,268 3,477 2,318 3,473 3,142 2,987 3,089 3,037 3,011 2,455 2,288
Florida prison population 21,436 19,748 20,735 23,589 27,830 26,334 26,914 28,600 32,237 32,445 34,732 39,999 44,387 46,533 48,302 53,048 57,163 63,879 63,763 64,626 67,224 69,596 71,319 72,404 75,210 82,012 85,533 89,768 92,969 98,219 102,388 103,915 104,306 103,055 101,930 103,028 102,870 101,424
Florida jail population 9,748 10,824 11,681 12,593 13,498 14,707 17,064 19,421 21,778 24,135 26,492 33,215 39,938 46,661 53,384 60,107 58,301 56,496 54,690 52,884 51,079 49,273 47,639 48,208 52,615 51,403 57,780 60,982 62,293 63,384 63,223 57,821 55,146 54,142 53,262 48,578
Florida held for federal authorities 178 191 204 217 230 243 302 361 419 478 537 649 762 874 987 1,099 1,181 1,263 1,345 1,426 1,508 1,590 1,719 1,848 1,977 2,105 2,234 2,363 2,394 2,425 2,456 2,488 2,519 2,550 2,581 2,612
Florida held for state prisons 391 229 285 287 295 0 0 0 47 48 42 41 34 1,147 1,144 1,298 1,293 1,267 1,197 1,175
Florida unadjusted jail population 10,317 11,244 12,170 13,097 14,023 14,950 17,366 19,782 22,197 24,613 27,029 33,864 40,700 47,535 54,371 61,206 59,482 57,758 56,035 54,311 52,587 50,863 49,358 50,056 54,638 53,556 60,056 63,386 64,721 66,956 66,823 61,606 58,958 57,959 57,040 52,365
Georgia prison population 11,317 12,106 12,178 12,444 14,405 15,358 15,404 16,262 16,922 18,575 18,787 20,885 22,411 23,743 25,290 27,783 33,425 34,266 35,139 36,505 39,262 42,091 44,232 45,937 47,445 47,208 51,104 48,749 52,792 54,256 52,719 56,986 56,432 55,944 55,457 54,004 52,949 52,193
Georgia jail population 7,921 8,477 8,263 9,590 10,146 10,702 11,763 12,824 13,884 14,945 16,006 19,717 23,428 27,140 30,851 34,562 34,346 34,130 33,914 33,698 33,482 29,509 28,803 29,775 31,851 33,367 35,771 38,138 39,309 38,522 41,387 41,452 41,866 39,831 38,300 31,701
Georgia held for federal authorities 149 138 127 117 106 95 109 123 138 152 166 187 207 228 248 269 361 452 544 635 727 818 927 1,035 1,144 1,252 1,361 1,469 1,496 1,522 1,549 1,575 1,602 1,628 1,655 1,681
Georgia held for state prisons 770 3,757 3,888 4,682 4,975 4,949 5,117 4,948 4,970 4,919 4,690 3,390 3,634 3,100 4,896 4,887
Georgia unadjusted jail population 8,070 8,615 9,161 9,706 10,252 10,797 11,872 12,947 14,022 15,097 16,172 19,904 23,636 27,367 31,099 34,831 34,707 34,582 34,458 34,333 34,209 34,084 33,617 35,492 37,969 39,568 42,248 44,555 45,774 44,963 47,625 46,417 47,101 44,559 44,850 38,269
Hawaii prison population 727 856 985 1,207 1,461 1,700 1,965 2,111 2,180 2,264 2,300 2,459 2,533 2,700 2,926 3,129 3,333 3,560 4,011 4,978 4,924 4,903 5,053 5,431 5,423 5,828 5,960 6,146 5,967 5,978 5,955 5,891 5,912 6,037 5,831 5,632 5,866 5,879
Idaho prison population 802 830 817 957 1,044 1,187 1,253 1,344 1,448 1,435 1,581 1,850 1,961 2,143 2,256 2,606 2,811 3,328 3,832 3,911 4,083 4,842 5,535 5,984 5,746 5,737 6,375 6,818 7,124 7,319 7,290 7,400 7,431 7,739 7,985 8,242 8,117 8,052
Idaho jail population 507 526 545 564 583 602 639 667 712 706 586 803 956 1,123 1,132 1,316 1,349 1,839 2,000 2,129 2,243 2,049 2,096 2,577 2,832 2,994 2,628 3,169 3,266 3,280 3,363 3,225 3,049 2,910 3,038 2,647
Idaho held for federal authorities 25 32 39 45 52 59 54 49 44 39 34 34 35 35 36 36 48 59 71 83 94 106 122 138 154 169 185 201 204 207 210 214 217 220 223 226
Idaho held for state prisons 9 0 43 200 130 123 103 240 203 330 0 31 77 431 450 249 295 239 133 569 459 575 365 312 263 588 467 662
Idaho unadjusted jail population 532 558 584 609 635 661 693 725 756 788 820 967 1,114 1,261 1,408 1,555 1,727 1,899 2,071 2,242 2,414 2,586 2,668 2,964 3,280 3,402 2,946 3,939 3,929 4,062 3,938 3,750 3,529 3,718 3,728 3,535
Illinois prison population 11,258 11,935 11,899 14,328 14,293 15,595 17,114 18,634 19,456 19,850 21,081 24,712 27,516 29,115 31,640 34,495 36,531 37,658 38,852 40,788 43,051 44,660 45,281 44,348 42,693 43,418 44,054 44,919 45,106 45,215 45,474 45,161 48,418 48,427 49,348 48,653 48,278 46,240
Illinois jail population 5,930 6,592 7,255 7,917 8,580 9,156 9,188 9,211 9,212 9,266 9,272 10,519 11,766 13,013 14,260 15,507 15,688 15,869 16,050 16,231 16,412 16,593 16,739 18,953 19,909 20,642 19,519 28,859 19,429 19,621 19,849 18,407 18,953 19,318 19,950 20,670
Illinois held for federal authorities 63 54 46 37 29 20 52 84 117 149 181 202 223 243 264 285 351 416 482 548 613 679 713 748 782 816 851 885 962 1,040 1,117 1,194 1,271 1,349 1,426 1,503
Illinois held for state prisons 86 60 43 48 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Illinois unadjusted jail population 5,993 6,647 7,301 7,954 8,608 9,262 9,300 9,338 9,377 9,415 9,453 10,721 11,989 13,256 14,524 15,792 16,039 16,285 16,532 16,779 17,025 17,272 17,452 19,701 20,691 21,478 20,370 29,744 20,391 20,660 20,966 19,601 20,224 20,666 21,376 22,173
Indiana prison population 4,923 5,667 6,683 8,022 8,790 9,296 9,328 10,056 10,175 10,827 11,406 12,341 12,736 13,719 13,945 14,470 15,014 16,125 16,960 17,903 19,197 19,309 20,125 20,966 21,611 23,069 24,008 24,455 26,091 27,132 28,322 28,808 28,028 28,906 28,831 29,913 29,271 27,355
Indiana held for federal authorities 67 61 54 48 41 35 41 46 52 57 63 73 83 94 104 114 118 122 126 129 133 137 172 206 241 275 310 344 345 346 347 349 350 351 352 353
Indiana held for state prisons 0 525 757 711 779 1,005 903 1,139 1,194 1,323 1,408 1,224 1,187 1,320 1,262 1,724 2,024 1,773 1,180 2,002 1,930 2,060 1,552 1,504 797 1,418
Indiana jail population 2,485 2,748 3,011 3,273 3,536 3,799 4,039 4,279 4,518 4,758 4,998 5,076 5,447 6,097 6,632 7,009 7,738 8,129 8,702 9,200 9,742 10,553 11,402 15,432 13,250 13,399 14,114 15,298 17,191 14,898 15,534 15,894 15,801 15,487 16,384 14,375
Indiana unadjusted jail population 2,552 2,808 3,065 3,321 3,578 3,834 4,079 4,325 4,570 4,816 5,061 5,674 6,288 6,901 7,515 8,128 8,759 9,390 10,021 10,652 11,283 11,914 12,760 16,958 14,752 15,398 16,447 17,415 18,716 17,246 17,811 18,302 17,703 17,342 17,533 16,146
Iowa prison population 1,982 2,272 2,481 2,670 2,829 2,814 2,836 2,687 2,777 2,851 3,034 3,584 3,967 4,145 4,518 4,898 5,437 5,906 6,342 6,938 7,394 7,232 7,955 7,962 8,398 8,546 8,525 8,737 8,838 8,732 8,766 8,813 9,455 9,116 8,733 8,697 8,838 8,849
Iowa jail population 695 733 771 809 847 885 915 945 975 1,005 1,035 1,148 1,261 1,374 1,487 1,600 1,773 1,946 2,119 2,291 2,464 2,637 2,706 2,749 3,233 3,455 3,202 3,730 3,578 3,706 3,625 3,424 3,518 3,616 3,774 3,553
Iowa held for federal authorities 24 23 22 22 21 20 21 23 24 26 27 38 50 61 73 84 124 163 203 242 282 321 340 360 379 398 418 437 445 452 460 468 475 483 490 498
Iowa held for state prisons 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iowa unadjusted jail population 719 756 793 831 868 905 936 968 999 1,031 1,062 1,186 1,311 1,435 1,560 1,684 1,896 2,109 2,321 2,533 2,746 2,958 3,046 3,109 3,612 3,853 3,620 4,167 4,023 4,158 4,085 3,891 3,993 4,099 4,264 4,051
Kansas prison population 2,341 2,290 2,494 2,770 3,078 3,705 4,244 4,732 5,345 5,781 5,817 5,616 5,775 5,903 6,028 5,727 6,371 7,054 7,756 7,911 8,183 8,567 8,344 8,577 8,935 9,132 8,966 9,068 8,816 8,696 8,539 8,641 9,051 9,327 9,682 9,763 9,877 9,857
Kansas jail population 893 972 1,052 1,131 1,211 1,290 1,398 1,506 1,613 1,721 1,829 2,147 2,465 2,783 3,101 3,419 3,546 3,674 3,801 3,928 4,056 4,183 4,596 5,025 5,396 6,534 5,826 6,239 6,563 6,240 6,540 5,879 6,594 6,152 5,893 6,044
Kansas held for federal authorities 49 44 39 33 28 23 25 28 30 33 35 41 47 53 59 65 115 164 214 263 313 362 497 632 768 903 1,038 1,173 1,158 1,143 1,128 1,113 1,098 1,083 1,068 1,053
Kansas held for state prisons 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
Kansas unadjusted jail population 942 1,016 1,090 1,165 1,239 1,313 1,423 1,533 1,644 1,754 1,864 2,188 2,512 2,836 3,160 3,484 3,661 3,838 4,015 4,191 4,368 4,545 5,093 5,657 6,163 7,437 6,864 7,412 7,721 7,383 7,668 6,992 7,692 7,236 6,961 7,100
Kentucky prison population 3,390 3,691 3,588 3,993 4,031 4,773 4,820 4,981 5,288 6,437 7,119 8,289 9,023 9,799 10,364 10,440 11,066 12,060 12,910 14,600 14,987 15,317 14,919 15,424 15,820 16,622 17,814 19,662 20,000 22,457 21,706 21,638 20,544 21,545 22,110 21,030 21,657 21,701
Kentucky jail population 2,226 2,534 2,748 3,046 3,296 3,514 3,217 3,308 3,379 3,467 3,666 3,873 5,278 5,791 6,770 7,634 7,767 8,208 8,358 8,360 8,800 7,020 7,321 14,053 9,877 9,990 10,779 10,137 10,337 9,491 9,902 9,281 9,782 10,021 9,931 8,584
Kentucky held for federal authorities 84 81 77 74 70 67 76 85 95 104 113 134 156 177 199 220 229 237 246 254 263 271 321 370 420 470 519 569 648 726 805 884 962 1,041 1,119 1,198
Kentucky held for state prisons 94 104 162 252 715 791 886 965 932 1,411 693 866 574 396 632 559 778 1,144 1,073 3,221 3,850 4,706 3,657 3,969 5,084 5,674 5,921 7,912 7,363 7,639 6,716 7,190 8,487 8,213
Kentucky unadjusted jail population 2,310 2,615 2,919 3,224 3,528 3,833 4,009 4,184 4,360 4,535 4,711 5,419 6,127 6,834 7,542 8,250 8,627 9,004 9,381 9,758 10,135 10,512 11,492 19,129 13,954 14,429 16,382 16,380 16,906 18,129 18,070 17,803 17,460 18,252 19,537 17,995
Louisiana prison population 7,291 7,618 8,889 9,415 10,930 12,812 13,659 13,890 14,300 15,375 16,242 17,257 18,599 20,003 20,980 22,468 24,063 25,195 26,779 29,265 32,228 34,066 35,207 35,810 36,032 36,047 36,939 36,083 37,012 37,540 38,381 39,780 39,445 39,710 40,172 39,299 38,030 36,377
Louisiana jail population 3,737 4,704 4,959 6,082 6,026 5,875 5,782 6,236 6,483 6,360 6,760 8,028 9,203 10,197 12,092 11,894 11,227 11,661 12,209 11,585 10,193 9,536 6,041 9,849 10,176 10,280 10,213 12,758 8,869 11,883 10,739 8,926 11,049 9,484 10,449 6,057
Louisiana held for federal authorities 157 132 107 83 58 33 117 202 286 371 455 424 393 362 331 300 440 580 721 861 1,001 1,141 1,105 1,068 1,032 995 959 922 880 839 797 756 714 672 631 589
Louisiana held for state prisons 1,190 872 1,267 793 1,499 2,299 2,885 2,923 3,169 3,784 3,877 4,138 4,493 5,028 4,663 6,390 8,081 8,671 9,147 10,795 13,211 14,892 15,599 16,050 16,022 16,549 17,469 16,183 16,230 17,079 17,524 19,891 20,436 20,866 21,571 20,505
Louisiana unadjusted jail population 5,084 5,709 6,333 6,958 7,582 8,207 8,784 9,361 9,938 10,515 11,092 12,590 14,089 15,587 17,086 18,584 19,748 20,912 22,077 23,241 24,405 25,569 22,744 26,967 27,229 27,824 28,640 29,863 25,979 29,801 29,060 29,572 32,199 31,022 32,651 27,151
Maine prison population 711 776 814 992 1,110 1,082 1,032 1,317 1,316 1,299 1,277 1,455 1,523 1,579 1,519 1,469 1,474 1,396 1,426 1,620 1,691 1,716 1,679 1,704 1,900 2,013 2,024 2,023 2,120 2,148 2,195 2,206 2,154 2,145 2,108 2,173 2,242 2,279
Maine jail population 304 312 392 422 432 465 509 532 569 603 627 643 671 696 714 731 814 898 981 1,064 1,148 1,231 1,173 1,304 1,400 1,460 1,368 1,447 1,655 1,517 1,412 1,361 836 1,141 1,164 953
Maine held for federal authorities 6 8 10 13 15 17 14 11 9 6 3 5 7 10 12 14 28 41 55 69 82 96 100 104 108 112 116 120 112 104 96 88 79 71 63 55
Maine held for state prisons 39 6 24 61 75 53 51 36 23 21 22 10 2 0 24 3 0 0 0 0 0 9 90 123 147 110 72 65
Maine unadjusted jail population 310 359 409 458 508 557 576 595 613 632 651 670 689 707 726 745 842 939 1,036 1,133 1,230 1,327 1,297 1,411 1,508 1,572 1,484 1,567 1,767 1,630 1,598 1,571 1,062 1,322 1,299 1,073
Maryland prison population 7,966 7,860 7,731 9,335 11,617 12,617 13,124 13,005 13,326 13,467 14,276 16,514 17,848 19,291 19,977 20,264 20,998 21,453 22,050 22,232 22,572 23,095 23,538 23,752 24,162 23,791 23,285 22,737 22,945 23,433 23,324 22,255 22,645 22,558 21,522 21,335 21,011 20,764
Maryland jail population 3,145 3,352 3,676 4,090 4,301 4,575 5,095 5,615 6,134 6,654 7,174 8,874 10,574 12,275 13,975 15,675 14,879 14,083 13,287 12,491 11,695 10,758 9,875 10,336 11,410 11,813 12,335 12,043 12,390 13,391 12,997 11,679 11,827 11,905 11,712 11,614
Maryland held for federal authorities 80 75 70 64 59 54 68 83 97 112 126 152 178 203 229 255 291 327 363 399 435 471 478 484 491 498 504 511 487 463 439 415 391 367 343 319
Maryland held for state prisons 394 394 277 71 67 141 118 140 168 234 135 142 162 151 141 111 180 151 178 130
Maryland unadjusted jail population 3,619 3,821 4,023 4,225 4,427 4,629 5,163 5,697 6,232 6,766 7,300 9,026 10,752 12,478 14,204 15,930 15,170 14,410 13,650 12,890 12,130 11,370 10,471 10,960 12,069 12,545 12,974 12,696 13,039 14,005 13,577 12,205 12,398 12,423 12,233 12,063
Massachusetts prison population 2,806 2,924 3,185 3,889 4,334 4,482 4,883 5,390 5,636 6,268 6,757 7,524 8,345 9,415 10,053 10,229 11,293 11,687 11,796 11,947 11,799 11,356 10,722 10,588 10,329 10,232 10,144 10,701 11,032 11,436 11,408 11,316 11,313 11,623 11,308 10,950 10,713 9,922
Massachusetts jail population 2,088 2,386 2,593 2,967 3,221 3,483 3,865 4,243 4,522 5,004 5,081 6,403 7,745 8,738 10,050 11,491 11,159 11,225 11,096 10,928 10,666 10,486 8,560 10,090 10,721 11,212 11,989 11,264 12,724 12,456 12,226 12,191 9,737 9,375 8,669 9,428
Massachusetts held for federal authorities 62 56 50 43 37 31 30 30 29 29 28 64 99 135 170 206 220 234 248 262 276 290 410 530 650 769 889 1,009 972 935 898 862 825 788 751 714
Massachusetts held for state prisons 119 77 125 7 8 2 0 2 102 0 303 377 430 833 916 871 966 662 554 484 509 451 457 420 375 361 236 212 177 136 185 132 162 163 196 329
Massachusetts unadjusted jail population 2,269 2,518 2,768 3,017 3,267 3,516 3,895 4,274 4,654 5,033 5,412 6,843 8,274 9,706 11,137 12,568 12,345 12,121 11,898 11,674 11,451 11,227 9,427 11,040 11,745 12,342 13,114 12,485 13,873 13,527 13,309 13,184 10,724 10,326 9,616 10,471
Michigan prison population 14,944 15,002 15,124 15,157 14,913 14,510 14,604 17,755 20,742 23,879 27,612 31,639 34,267 36,423 39,113 39,318 40,631 41,112 42,349 44,771 45,879 46,617 47,718 48,849 50,591 49,358 48,883 49,546 51,577 50,233 48,738 45,478 44,165 42,940 43,636 43,759 43,390 42,628
Michigan jail population 5,701 6,077 6,412 6,801 7,195 7,560 7,909 8,259 8,608 8,958 9,307 10,392 11,477 12,563 13,648 14,733 14,816 14,506 14,652 14,913 14,939 14,968 15,178 15,758 16,089 16,085 17,258 17,438 17,974 17,693 16,951 16,255 15,713 15,816 16,361 16,465
Michigan held for federal authorities 44 48 52 56 60 64 79 93 108 122 137 167 196 226 255 285 295 305 315 325 335 345 405 465 526 586 646 706 703 700 697 695 692 689 686 683
Michigan held for state prisons 70 52 75 43 7 393 330 151 208 262 286 237 30 42 52 53 62 43 28 52 52 36 42 55
Michigan unadjusted jail population 5,815 6,177 6,539 6,900 7,262 7,624 7,988 8,352 8,716 9,080 9,444 10,559 11,674 12,788 13,903 15,018 15,111 15,204 15,297 15,389 15,482 15,575 15,869 16,460 16,644 16,713 17,956 18,197 18,739 18,436 17,676 17,001 16,457 16,541 17,089 17,203
Minnesota prison population 1,954 2,094 2,001 1,966 2,081 2,113 2,167 2,343 2,462 2,546 2,799 3,103 3,176 3,472 3,822 4,200 4,575 4,846 5,158 5,326 5,572 5,969 6,238 6,606 7,129 7,865 8,758 9,281 9,108 9,468 9,910 9,986 9,796 9,800 9,938 10,289 10,637 10,798
Minnesota jail population 1,335 1,507 1,679 1,851 2,023 2,195 2,346 2,498 2,649 2,801 2,952 3,488 4,024 4,560 5,096 5,498 5,471 5,417 5,196 5,277 5,184 5,001 4,519 5,149 5,364 5,637 6,101 6,104 6,283 6,562 5,591 5,567 5,773 5,442 5,318 5,112
Minnesota held for federal authorities 61 51 42 32 23 13 20 27 35 42 49 68 87 105 124 143 161 179 197 215 233 251 290 330 369 408 448 487 495 503 510 518 526 534 541 549
Minnesota held for state prisons 0 134 85 63 208 50 67 174 149 184 221 363 484 674 508 518 1,004 662 536 562 614 963
Minnesota unadjusted jail population 1,396 1,558 1,721 1,883 2,046 2,208 2,367 2,525 2,684 2,842 3,001 3,556 4,111 4,665 5,220 5,775 5,717 5,659 5,601 5,542 5,484 5,426 4,958 5,663 5,954 6,408 7,033 7,265 7,286 7,582 7,105 6,747 6,835 6,537 6,473 6,624
Mississippi prison population 2,896 3,508 3,902 4,624 5,484 5,586 6,115 6,392 6,747 6,880 7,384 7,911 8,375 8,904 8,905 9,907 10,930 12,684 13,859 14,296 16,678 18,247 20,241 21,460 22,705 20,589 20,983 20,515 21,068 22,431 22,754 21,482 21,067 21,386 22,319 21,969 18,793 18,911
Mississippi jail population 1,297 902 1,070 1,214 1,390 1,452 1,301 1,804 1,707 2,142 2,113 2,566 3,520 4,019 4,529 6,006 4,896 4,566 4,140 6,378 6,660 5,409 6,036 5,366 5,403 5,912 5,606 6,264 6,008 6,575 5,919 5,187 5,618 4,340 5,831 4,941
Mississippi held for federal authorities 57 49 40 32 23 15 30 46 61 77 92 110 128 145 163 181 171 161 151 140 130 120 149 178 207 236 265 294 289 285 280 275 270 266 261 256
Mississippi held for state prisons 919 1,362 1,243 1,147 1,020 1,006 1,296 933 1,169 874 1,042 1,159 775 847 907 0 1,569 2,357 3,242 1,463 1,639 3,349 3,700 3,736 4,550 4,724 4,624 4,426 4,684 4,952 4,858 4,270 4,613 5,996 6,528 6,378
Mississippi unadjusted jail population 2,273 2,313 2,353 2,393 2,433 2,473 2,628 2,783 2,937 3,092 3,247 3,835 4,423 5,011 5,599 6,187 6,636 7,084 7,533 7,981 8,430 8,878 9,885 9,280 10,160 10,872 10,495 10,984 10,981 11,811 11,057 9,732 10,501 10,601 12,620 11,575
Missouri prison population 5,637 5,279 5,726 6,489 7,445 8,103 8,770 9,796 10,309 11,357 12,176 13,921 14,943 15,897 16,195 16,178 17,898 19,134 22,003 23,664 25,060 26,155 27,543 28,757 30,099 30,303 31,081 30,823 30,167 29,857 30,186 30,563 30,623 30,833 31,247 31,537 31,942 32,330
Missouri jail population 2,831 3,042 3,254 3,465 3,677 3,888 3,946 4,004 4,062 4,120 4,178 4,645 5,111 5,578 6,044 6,511 6,536 6,561 6,586 6,556 6,636 6,661 7,213 7,704 8,401 8,698 9,218 9,362 10,338 9,761 10,767 10,519 9,789 10,653 11,534 10,918
Missouri held for federal authorities 39 41 43 45 47 49 63 77 90 104 118 141 164 187 210 233 240 248 255 262 270 277 383 490 596 702 809 915 907 899 891 883 875 867 859 851
Missouri held for state prisons 0 55 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Missouri unadjusted jail population 2,870 3,083 3,297 3,510 3,724 3,937 4,009 4,081 4,152 4,224 4,296 4,786 5,275 5,765 6,254 6,744 6,776 6,809 6,841 6,873 6,906 6,938 7,596 8,194 8,997 9,400 10,027 10,277 11,245 10,660 11,658 11,402 10,664 11,520 12,393 11,769
Montana prison population 690 715 739 831 914 903 964 1,129 1,111 1,207 1,272 1,328 1,425 1,478 1,548 1,541 1,764 1,999 2,230 2,541 2,734 2,951 3,105 3,328 3,323 3,620 3,164 3,509 3,563 3,431 3,517 3,605 3,716 3,678 3,609 3,642 3,699 3,685
Montana jail population 374 378 385 391 398 404 432 461 489 518 546 575 604 632 661 690 787 751 897 862 1,032 442 581 1,223 1,217 1,183 1,150 1,220 1,191 1,027 1,032 1,080 1,236 349 1,323 2,143
Montana held for federal authorities 24 22 19 17 14 12 20 27 35 42 50 51 52 53 54 55 72 90 107 124 142 159 162 165 168 171 174 177 175 173 170 168 166 164 161 159
Montana held for state prisons 2 1 1 0 0 133 85 217 144 831 548 496 419 567 687 687 615 522 579 493 550 523 488 497
Montana unadjusted jail population 398 402 405 409 412 416 452 488 524 560 596 626 656 685 715 745 860 974 1,089 1,203 1,318 1,432 1,291 1,884 1,804 1,921 2,011 2,084 1,981 1,721 1,781 1,741 1,952 1,035 1,972 2,799
Nebraska prison population 1,347 1,291 1,446 1,488 1,739 1,629 1,655 1,814 2,044 2,086 2,156 2,393 2,403 2,526 2,514 2,518 2,711 3,074 3,287 3,402 3,676 3,688 3,895 3,937 4,058 4,040 4,130 4,455 4,407 4,505 4,520 4,474 4,587 4,616 4,705 5,026 5,441 5,372
Nebraska jail population 524 608 692 776 860 944 973 1,002 1,031 1,060 1,089 1,201 1,313 1,425 1,537 1,649 1,586 1,523 1,461 1,398 1,335 1,272 1,867 2,074 2,186 2,159 2,512 2,601 2,366 2,551 2,732 3,011 2,961 2,906 2,952 3,011
Nebraska held for federal authorities 21 18 15 13 10 7 10 13 15 18 21 39 57 74 92 110 134 159 183 207 232 256 274 291 309 326 344 361 375 389 403 417 430 444 458 472
Nebraska held for state prisons 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 56 32 47
Nebraska unadjusted jail population 545 626 707 789 870 951 983 1,015 1,046 1,078 1,110 1,361 1,612 1,862 2,113 2,364 2,225 2,085 1,946 1,807 1,667 1,528 2,140 2,365 2,494 2,485 2,855 2,962 2,741 2,940 3,135 3,427 3,391 3,406 3,442 3,530
Nevada prison population 1,350 1,566 1,839 2,116 2,753 3,188 3,488 3,771 4,551 4,434 4,881 5,112 5,322 5,823 6,049 6,412 6,993 7,713 8,325 9,024 9,651 9,494 10,063 10,233 10,478 10,543 11,365 11,782 12,839 13,400 12,743 12,482 12,653 12,778 12,883 13,056 12,537 13,071
Nevada jail population 958 951 945 938 932 925 1,154 1,383 1,611 1,840 2,069 2,241 2,413 2,585 2,757 2,929 3,208 3,487 3,766 4,044 4,323 4,445 4,436 4,600 4,847 6,701 6,057 5,323 5,701 6,896 6,788 7,144 6,865 6,569 6,551 6,574
Nevada held for federal authorities 30 32 34 35 37 39 54 69 85 100 115 128 141 155 168 181 250 318 387 455 524 592 606 619 633 646 660 673 630 587 544 501 457 414 371 328
Nevada held for state prisons 0 157 175 188 177 190 153 148 148 155 199 93 88 100 0 0
Nevada unadjusted jail population 988 983 978 974 969 964 1,208 1,452 1,696 1,940 2,184 2,369 2,554 2,740 2,925 3,110 3,457 3,805 4,152 4,499 4,847 5,194 5,216 5,407 5,656 7,537 6,869 6,144 6,479 7,638 7,531 7,737 7,410 7,083 6,922 6,902
New Hampshire prison population 283 316 326 398 445 479 581 683 782 867 1,019 1,166 1,342 1,533 1,777 1,775 2,021 2,015 2,062 2,168 2,169 2,257 2,257 2,392 2,451 2,434 2,448 2,530 2,805 2,943 2,702 2,731 2,761 2,614 2,790 3,018 2,963 2,897
New Hampshire jail population 387 406 425 445 464 483 542 601 661 720 779 935 1,091 1,248 1,404 1,560 1,498 1,436 1,310 1,247 1,197 1,155 586 1,114 1,326 1,378 1,510 1,726 1,927 1,873 1,857 1,934 1,934 1,904 1,954 1,819
New Hampshire held for federal authorities 2 3 5 6 8 9 8 8 7 7 6 14 22 30 38 46 92 139 185 231 278 324 287 250 213 176 139 102 108 115 121 127 133 140 146 152
New Hampshire held for state prisons 0 65 66 54 34 14 12 11 7 9 13 13 52 46 47 36 20 43 41
New Hampshire unadjusted jail population 389 410 430 451 471 492 551 609 668 726 785 949 1,113 1,278 1,442 1,606 1,591 1,575 1,560 1,544 1,529 1,513 887 1,376 1,550 1,561 1,658 1,841 2,048 2,039 2,024 2,108 2,103 2,063 2,143 2,012
New Jersey prison population 5,869 5,852 5,884 7,011 8,191 9,192 10,363 11,335 12,020 15,969 16,936 19,439 21,128 23,483 22,653 23,831 24,632 27,066 27,490 28,361 31,121 31,493 29,784 28,142 27,891 27,246 26,757 27,359 27,371 26,827 25,953 25,382 25,007 23,834 23,225 22,452 21,590 20,489
New Jersey jail population 3,845 4,356 4,658 4,335 4,217 5,306 5,675 6,664 6,844 7,744 8,698 9,333 11,008 11,619 13,011 14,332 14,141 12,924 12,443 13,574 12,255 11,366 10,861 12,481 13,418 13,800 14,443 14,431 15,428 15,092 14,862 13,315 13,592 13,250 14,257 14,455
New Jersey held for federal authorities 15 17 19 20 22 24 22 20 17 15 13 29 45 61 77 93 219 345 471 597 723 849 1,016 1,183 1,350 1,516 1,683 1,850 1,847 1,844 1,840 1,837 1,834 1,831 1,827 1,824
New Jersey held for state prisons 70 31 200 995 1,584 967 1,536 1,486 2,244 2,283 2,267 3,024 2,741 3,523 3,523 3,594 3,413 4,258 4,367 2,864 3,811 4,328 3,225 2,019 1,528 1,542 1,258 1,754 1,821 1,468 1,122 1,274 529 200 109 119
New Jersey unadjusted jail population 3,930 4,403 4,877 5,350 5,824 6,297 7,233 8,169 9,106 10,042 10,978 12,386 13,794 15,203 16,611 18,019 17,773 17,527 17,281 17,035 16,789 16,543 15,102 15,683 16,295 16,858 17,384 18,035 19,096 18,403 17,824 16,426 15,955 15,280 16,193 16,398
New Mexico prison population 1,593 1,556 1,279 1,497 1,718 1,977 2,129 2,313 2,416 2,670 2,825 3,158 3,187 3,119 3,271 3,498 3,712 4,078 4,724 4,688 5,078 5,174 5,342 5,668 5,991 6,223 6,379 6,571 6,639 6,466 6,322 6,363 6,763 6,998 6,727 6,931 7,021 7,169
New Mexico jail population 693 795 885 998 1,101 1,205 1,368 1,531 1,694 1,857 2,020 2,326 2,632 2,937 3,243 3,549 3,746 3,573 3,832 3,778 3,302 4,575 5,016 5,412 5,486 6,150 6,742 7,002 7,443 7,201 7,666 6,862 7,488 6,911 7,035 7,113
New Mexico held for federal authorities 45 57 68 80 91 103 109 116 122 129 135 166 196 227 257 288 372 455 539 623 706 790 902 1,014 1,126 1,237 1,349 1,461 1,449 1,436 1,424 1,411 1,399 1,386 1,374 1,361
New Mexico held for state prisons 13 2 2 369 307 557 1,230 153 0 0 0 0 0 122 140 116 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Mexico unadjusted jail population 738 852 966 1,080 1,194 1,308 1,477 1,647 1,816 1,986 2,155 2,491 2,828 3,164 3,501 3,837 4,117 4,397 4,678 4,958 5,238 5,518 5,918 6,426 6,611 7,387 8,091 8,585 9,031 8,753 9,089 8,273 8,886 8,297 8,408 8,474
New York prison population 20,459 20,856 21,815 25,494 27,945 30,510 33,109 34,507 38,449 40,842 44,560 51,232 54,895 57,862 61,736 64,569 66,750 68,486 69,709 69,108 72,289 72,899 70,199 67,533 67,065 65,198 63,751 62,743 63,315 62,620 60,347 58,687 56,656 55,436 54,210 53,550 52,518 51,727
New York jail population 10,592 11,688 13,042 14,132 15,223 16,313 18,078 19,843 21,609 23,374 25,139 30,524 35,910 41,295 46,681 52,066 48,977 45,887 42,798 38,791 34,331 32,103 26,377 27,474 29,110 29,163 29,097 29,214 30,640 29,710 28,664 28,185 28,415 28,074 27,841 25,193
New York held for federal authorities 65 64 62 61 59 58 115 173 230 288 345 346 347 349 350 351 437 523 609 695 781 867 981 1,096 1,210 1,324 1,439 1,553 1,578 1,604 1,629 1,655 1,680 1,705 1,731 1,756
New York held for state prisons 269 263 0 918 2,288 1,427 45 139 320 1 52 11 11 21 11 38 27 14 0 10
New York unadjusted jail population 10,926 12,015 13,104 14,193 15,282 16,371 18,194 20,016 21,839 23,661 25,484 30,871 36,257 41,644 47,030 52,417 49,414 46,410 43,407 40,404 37,400 34,397 27,403 28,709 30,640 30,488 30,588 30,778 32,229 31,335 30,304 29,877 30,122 29,793 29,572 26,959
North Carolina prison population 13,252 14,255 15,513 15,770 16,569 15,395 16,371 17,344 17,698 17,218 17,078 17,454 18,411 18,903 20,454 21,892 23,648 29,253 30,647 31,612 31,961 31,086 31,266 32,253 32,832 33,560 35,434 36,365 37,460 37,970 39,482 39,860 40,382 39,440 37,136 36,922 37,096 36,617
North Carolina jail population 2,569 2,823 3,078 3,332 3,587 3,841 4,155 4,470 4,784 5,099 5,413 6,516 7,618 8,721 9,823 10,821 10,970 11,114 11,286 11,811 12,130 12,630 11,416 11,918 13,996 14,088 15,100 16,480 16,865 17,723 18,049 14,509 17,098 17,100 18,028 17,733
North Carolina held for federal authorities 54 52 50 48 46 44 63 82 102 121 140 236 332 428 524 620 639 659 678 697 717 736 860 983 1,107 1,231 1,354 1,478 1,430 1,382 1,333 1,285 1,237 1,189 1,140 1,092
North Carolina held for state prisons 105 248 396 516 282 255 47 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 676 266 0 0 0
North Carolina unadjusted jail population 2,623 2,875 3,128 3,380 3,633 3,885 4,219 4,552 4,886 5,219 5,553 6,752 7,950 9,149 10,347 11,546 11,857 12,168 12,480 12,791 13,102 13,413 12,276 12,901 15,103 15,319 16,454 17,958 18,295 19,104 19,382 16,470 18,601 18,288 19,168 18,825
North Dakota prison population 200 186 253 280 322 410 432 422 421 430 466 451 483 492 477 498 536 608 722 797 915 943 1,076 1,111 1,112 1,239 1,327 1,385 1,363 1,416 1,452 1,486 1,487 1,423 1,512 1,576 1,718 1,795
North Dakota jail population 140 162 184 205 227 249 247 246 244 243 241 257 273 289 305 321 347 372 307 355 428 450 466 510 614 657 702 817 770 685 725 674 692 859 876 861
North Dakota held for federal authorities 6 7 8 9 10 11 17 22 28 33 39 41 43 45 47 49 59 70 80 90 101 111 115 119 123 127 131 135 145 156 166 177 187 197 208 218
North Dakota held for state prisons 0 91 68 21 24 38 21 9 44 43 45 48 48 71 47 68 55 106 9
North Dakota unadjusted jail population 146 169 192 214 237 260 264 268 272 276 280 298 316 334 352 370 406 442 478 513 549 585 619 650 746 828 876 997 963 889 962 897 947 1,111 1,190 1,088
Ohio prison population 13,107 13,360 13,489 14,968 17,317 18,007 18,619 20,864 22,463 24,240 26,462 30,538 31,822 35,744 38,378 40,641 41,908 44,663 46,174 48,016 48,450 46,842 45,833 45,281 45,646 44,778 44,806 45,854 49,166 50,731 51,686 51,606 51,712 50,964 50,876 51,729 51,519 52,233
Ohio jail population 5,355 5,791 6,228 6,664 7,101 7,537 7,827 8,118 8,408 8,699 8,989 10,327 11,664 13,002 14,339 15,677 15,747 15,817 15,888 15,958 16,028 16,098 15,670 16,480 18,139 19,085 19,174 19,047 20,100 19,958 18,656 19,329 16,821 17,138 18,037 17,700
Ohio held for federal authorities 161 137 113 89 65 41 47 54 60 67 73 114 156 197 239 280 305 329 354 379 403 428 448 468 488 507 527 547 564 581 598 616 633 650 667 684
Ohio held for state prisons 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ohio unadjusted jail population 5,516 5,928 6,341 6,753 7,166 7,578 7,875 8,172 8,468 8,765 9,062 10,441 11,820 13,199 14,578 15,957 16,052 16,147 16,242 16,336 16,431 16,526 16,118 16,948 18,626 19,592 19,701 19,594 20,664 20,539 19,254 19,944 17,454 17,788 18,704 18,384
Oklahoma prison population 4,186 4,250 4,796 5,281 6,500 7,480 7,872 8,330 9,708 9,639 10,448 11,608 12,285 13,340 14,821 16,409 16,631 18,151 19,593 20,542 20,892 22,393 23,181 22,780 22,802 22,821 24,508 24,826 24,288 24,603 24,660 24,803 26,252 25,977 25,225 27,547 27,650 28,547
Oklahoma jail population 1,692 1,842 1,869 2,095 2,294 2,444 2,470 2,496 2,521 2,547 2,573 3,018 3,252 3,473 3,880 4,416 4,691 5,044 5,320 5,072 5,224 5,357 5,960 6,030 5,716 6,005 6,963 7,848 8,697 8,587 7,616 7,976 8,567 8,658 9,038 6,838
Oklahoma held for federal authorities 43 44 44 45 45 46 66 85 105 124 144 141 137 134 130 127 154 180 207 234 260 287 298 310 321 332 344 355 336 317 298 279 260 241 222 203
Oklahoma held for state prisons 124 48 0 0 210 434 471 380 375 291 285 802 920 1,056 970 903 1,497 1,869 1,807 1,850 1,955 1,892 2,148 2,238 1,905 2,088 2,373 2,406
Oklahoma unadjusted jail population 1,735 1,886 2,037 2,188 2,339 2,490 2,535 2,581 2,626 2,672 2,717 3,158 3,599 4,041 4,482 4,923 5,219 5,515 5,812 6,108 6,404 6,700 7,228 7,243 7,534 8,206 9,114 10,053 10,988 10,796 10,062 10,493 10,732 10,987 11,633 9,447
Oregon prison population 2,879 3,179 3,177 3,295 3,900 3,952 4,224 4,376 4,770 5,457 5,991 6,156 6,492 6,732 6,583 6,557 6,936 7,886 8,661 7,999 9,034 9,860 10,580 11,410 12,085 12,715 13,183 13,411 13,707 13,948 14,167 14,403 14,876 14,510 14,840 15,517 15,075 15,245
Oregon jail population 1,812 1,912 2,012 2,111 2,211 2,311 2,392 2,474 2,555 2,637 2,718 3,282 4,039 4,790 5,481 6,172 6,106 6,021 5,883 5,836 5,828 5,766 6,158 7,089 5,883 6,136 6,069 6,365 6,238 7,890 5,908 5,421 5,521 5,520 7,499 5,336
Oregon held for federal authorities 64 57 51 44 38 31 43 54 66 77 89 108 126 145 163 182 242 303 363 423 484 544 520 496 472 447 423 399 391 384 376 368 360 353 345 337
Oregon held for state prisons 0 127 61 0 19 91 72 14 10 7 8 0 0 18 48 55 23 20 14 9 0 0 5
Oregon unadjusted jail population 1,876 1,969 2,062 2,156 2,249 2,342 2,435 2,528 2,621 2,714 2,807 3,516 4,226 4,935 5,645 6,354 6,348 6,343 6,337 6,331 6,326 6,320 6,685 7,593 6,354 6,583 6,510 6,812 6,684 8,296 6,304 5,803 5,890 5,872 7,844 5,678
Pennsylvania prison population 7,814 7,772 8,171 9,365 10,508 11,767 13,090 14,227 15,201 16,267 17,900 20,469 22,290 23,388 24,974 26,050 28,302 32,416 34,537 34,964 36,377 36,525 36,847 38,062 40,168 40,890 40,963 42,380 44,397 45,969 49,215 51,429 51,264 51,578 51,125 51,422 50,694 49,858
Pennsylvania jail population 6,245 7,021 7,796 8,572 9,347 10,123 10,757 11,391 12,025 12,659 13,293 16,468 19,644 22,819 25,995 29,170 28,526 27,882 27,238 26,569 25,923 25,246 26,868 28,973 31,917 30,903 31,609 32,938 34,909 37,029 36,225 36,427 33,845 34,756 36,172 35,686
Pennsylvania held for federal authorities 81 93 105 118 130 142 168 193 219 244 270 336 401 467 532 598 719 839 960 1,080 1,201 1,321 1,322 1,323 1,324 1,324 1,325 1,326 1,259 1,192 1,125 1,059 992 925 858 791
Pennsylvania held for state prisons 25 27 60 58 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 525 607 609 489 857
Pennsylvania unadjusted jail population 6,326 7,114 7,902 8,689 9,477 10,265 10,925 11,584 12,244 12,903 13,563 16,804 20,045 23,286 26,527 29,768 29,245 28,721 28,198 27,674 27,151 26,627 28,248 30,296 33,240 32,227 32,934 34,264 36,168 38,221 37,350 38,010 35,444 36,290 37,519 37,334
Rhode Island prison population 664 738 813 962 1,037 1,157 1,221 1,306 1,358 1,428 1,906 2,479 2,392 2,771 2,775 2,783 2,919 2,902 3,271 3,371 3,445 3,003 3,286 3,241 3,520 3,527 3,430 3,654 3,996 4,018 4,045 3,674 3,357 3,337 3,318 3,361 3,359 3,248
South Carolina prison population 7,536 7,643 7,862 8,538 9,137 9,576 9,892 10,510 11,676 12,664 13,888 15,720 17,319 18,269 18,643 18,704 18,999 19,611 20,446 21,173 21,764 22,008 21,778 22,576 23,715 23,719 23,428 23,160 23,616 24,239 24,326 24,288 23,578 22,914 22,388 22,060 21,401 20,929
South Carolina jail population 1,493 1,705 1,844 2,022 2,191 2,321 2,464 2,640 2,749 2,863 3,028 3,569 4,043 4,581 5,091 5,607 6,078 6,453 6,853 7,280 7,718 8,048 7,974 9,711 11,296 10,052 10,566 11,062 11,719 12,592 12,643 11,655 11,241 11,002 10,506 10,645
South Carolina held for federal authorities 43 41 39 37 35 33 38 43 49 54 59 70 80 91 101 112 141 169 198 226 255 283 346 408 471 533 596 658 649 639 630 621 611 602 592 583
South Carolina held for state prisons 724 630 609 549 498 486 474 429 451 468 434 405 443 418 420 416 359 399 413 400 377 461 433 446 415 424 429 384 381 377 361 379 384 366 374 364
South Carolina unadjusted jail population 2,260 2,376 2,492 2,608 2,724 2,840 2,976 3,112 3,249 3,385 3,521 4,044 4,567 5,089 5,612 6,135 6,578 7,021 7,464 7,906 8,349 8,792 8,752 10,565 12,181 11,009 11,590 12,104 12,749 13,608 13,634 12,654 12,236 11,970 11,472 11,592
South Dakota prison population 532 562 635 693 791 826 921 1,049 1,081 1,133 1,020 1,256 1,341 1,374 1,487 1,553 1,708 1,871 2,063 2,242 2,422 2,506 2,616 2,790 2,918 3,026 3,095 3,463 3,359 3,311 3,342 3,434 3,434 3,535 3,650 3,682 3,608 3,564
South Dakota jail population 281 290 299 308 317 326 355 384 413 442 471 519 567 615 663 711 767 823 879 934 990 1,046 977 936 1,082 1,100 1,238 1,213 1,331 1,227 1,101 1,301 1,237 1,166 1,413 1,520
South Dakota held for federal authorities 25 22 19 17 14 11 17 24 30 37 43 44 46 47 49 50 67 85 102 119 137 154 170 186 202 218 234 250 253 256 258 261 264 267 269 272
South Dakota held for state prisons 0 16 16 12 29 42 99 61 55 58 64 71 73 64 53
South Dakota unadjusted jail population 306 312 318 325 331 337 372 408 443 479 514 563 613 662 712 761 834 907 981 1,054 1,127 1,200 1,163 1,138 1,296 1,347 1,514 1,562 1,645 1,537 1,417 1,626 1,572 1,505 1,746 1,845
Tennessee prison population 5,835 6,629 7,022 7,897 7,869 8,201 7,307 7,127 7,591 7,639 7,732 10,630 10,388 11,474 11,849 12,824 14,401 15,206 15,626 16,659 21,438 22,502 22,166 23,671 24,989 25,403 25,884 26,369 25,745 26,267 27,228 26,965 27,451 28,479 28,411 28,521 28,769 28,172
Tennessee jail population 4,451 4,689 5,063 5,359 5,730 5,154 5,482 7,112 7,281 7,615 7,750 10,214 14,056 16,886 20,762 23,683 22,233 21,205 20,505 20,235 18,745 14,348 14,445 13,328 13,408 15,805 15,533 15,910 24,830 16,994 17,542 18,177 18,564 17,790 18,530 16,412
Tennessee held for federal authorities 58 49 41 32 24 15 35 55 74 94 114 118 123 127 132 136 190 244 298 351 405 459 583 707 831 954 1,078 1,202 1,183 1,164 1,145 1,127 1,108 1,089 1,070 1,051
Tennessee held for state prisons 114 214 178 219 186 1,100 1,515 628 1,201 1,610 2,218 2,733 1,869 2,018 1,120 1,178 1,829 2,057 1,958 1,428 2,119 5,716 5,204 6,230 6,717 6,283 6,577 7,112 6,451 7,019 7,860 7,047 7,432 8,660 8,618 7,790
Tennessee unadjusted jail population 4,623 4,952 5,281 5,611 5,940 6,269 7,032 7,794 8,557 9,319 10,082 13,065 16,048 19,031 22,014 24,997 24,251 23,506 22,760 22,014 21,269 20,523 20,232 20,265 20,955 23,042 23,188 24,224 32,464 25,177 26,547 26,350 27,104 27,539 28,218 25,253
Texas prison population 24,575 26,522 29,892 31,502 36,149 35,259 36,682 37,532 38,534 38,821 40,437 44,022 50,042 51,677 60,467 92,013 118,195 127,766 132,383 140,351 144,510 163,190 166,719 162,070 162,003 166,911 168,105 169,003 172,116 171,790 172,506 171,249 173,649 172,224 166,372 168,280 166,043 163,909
Texas jail population 9,708 10,680 11,652 12,625 13,597 14,569 16,982 19,395 21,809 24,222 26,635 38,032 49,430 60,827 72,225 54,076 57,501 72,820 67,419 62,018 56,617 44,085 46,238 34,379 38,891 42,156 45,125 39,027 48,361 51,572 51,366 49,744 48,524 48,626 50,227 45,151
Texas held for federal authorities 1,151 1,080 1,009 939 868 797 1,135 1,474 1,812 2,151 2,489 2,334 2,180 2,025 1,871 1,716 2,341 2,966 3,592 4,217 4,842 5,467 5,284 5,102 4,919 4,736 4,554 4,371 4,655 4,938 5,222 5,505 5,789 6,072 6,356 6,639
Texas held for state prisons 29,546 20,720 7,131 6,477 15,158 12,375 13,331 13,228 10,569 15,091 12,774 12,805 12,270 12,990 11,906 10,814 12,527
Texas unadjusted jail population 10,859 11,760 12,662 13,563 14,465 15,366 18,118 20,869 23,621 26,372 29,124 40,367 51,610 62,852 74,095 85,338 80,562 75,786 71,011 66,235 61,459 56,683 57,999 54,639 56,185 60,223 62,907 53,967 68,106 69,284 69,392 67,519 67,302 66,604 67,396 64,317
Utah prison population 911 960 932 1,140 1,216 1,274 1,504 1,633 1,776 1,853 1,961 2,394 2,496 2,625 2,699 2,888 3,045 3,471 4,002 4,301 4,907 5,322 5,637 5,339 5,562 5,763 5,991 6,382 6,433 6,515 6,552 6,538 6,807 6,879 6,962 7,077 7,031 6,492
Utah jail population 633 690 747 776 856 864 972 1,056 1,098 1,157 1,296 1,495 1,828 1,973 2,203 2,430 2,616 2,738 2,942 3,135 2,936 3,069 4,046 4,243 4,223 4,710 4,761 4,523 4,623 5,002 5,017 5,156 5,436 5,161 5,232 4,360
Utah held for federal authorities 14 16 18 21 23 25 22 19 15 12 9 29 49 68 88 108 125 142 160 177 194 211 282 353 425 496 567 638 616 594 571 549 527 505 482 460
Utah held for state prisons 29 6 55 32 33 77 103 49 91 0 96 108 122 169 279 308 348 779 879 1,050 1,020 1,170 1,065 1,189 1,246 1,328 1,286 1,341 1,223 1,304 1,529 1,574 1,626
Utah unadjusted jail population 647 706 766 825 885 944 1,026 1,108 1,190 1,272 1,354 1,615 1,876 2,138 2,399 2,660 2,910 3,160 3,410 3,659 3,909 4,159 5,378 5,616 5,817 6,271 6,517 6,407 6,567 6,881 6,929 6,928 7,267 7,194 7,288 6,446
Vermont prison population 441 431 480 534 599 497 501 677 697 759 820 905 1,049 1,118 1,254 1,223 1,301 1,279 1,119 1,270 1,473 1,536 1,697 1,741 1,863 1,944 1,968 2,078 2,215 2,116 2,116 2,220 2,079 2,053 2,034 2,078 1,979 1,750
Virginia prison population 8,344 8,449 8,920 9,388 10,079 10,093 10,839 12,073 12,930 13,321 14,184 16,477 17,593 19,829 21,199 22,850 26,968 27,415 27,655 28,385 30,276 29,789 30,168 31,662 34,973 35,067 35,564 35,344 36,688 37,984 38,216 38,059 37,638 38,130 37,044 36,982 37,544 38,403
Virginia jail population 3,161 3,883 4,686 4,928 5,130 5,886 6,022 6,452 6,534 7,496 7,937 8,272 9,803 11,100 11,864 11,475 13,378 12,819 13,648 12,757 14,698 13,139 15,791 17,282 16,993 18,078 19,064 19,802 20,463 22,593 21,003 19,247 20,908 18,397 21,290 19,582
Virginia held for federal authorities 61 68 74 81 87 94 118 142 166 190 214 275 337 398 460 521 618 716 813 910 1,008 1,105 1,269 1,432 1,596 1,759 1,923 2,086 1,979 1,871 1,764 1,657 1,549 1,442 1,334 1,227
Virginia held for state prisons 1,174 811 368 485 643 246 663 786 1,257 848 960 1,863 1,569 1,510 1,983 3,610 2,063 2,979 2,506 3,753 2,169 4,084 2,962 3,440 5,024 5,106 4,502 4,679 5,965 5,097 6,057 7,373 6,546 7,474 7,389 6,974
Virginia unadjusted jail population 4,396 4,762 5,128 5,494 5,860 6,226 6,803 7,380 7,957 8,534 9,111 10,410 11,709 13,008 14,307 15,606 16,060 16,513 16,967 17,421 17,874 18,328 20,021 22,154 23,612 24,943 25,488 26,567 28,407 29,561 28,824 28,276 29,003 27,313 30,013 27,783
Washington prison population 4,487 4,342 4,399 5,336 6,264 6,658 6,821 6,919 6,603 6,131 5,816 6,928 7,995 9,156 9,959 10,419 10,833 11,608 12,527 13,214 14,161 14,590 14,915 15,159 16,062 16,148 16,614 17,382 17,561 17,772 17,926 18,233 18,235 17,847 17,271 17,984 18,120 18,284
Washington jail population 2,350 2,457 2,748 3,051 3,288 3,530 3,894 4,303 4,688 5,101 5,544 6,302 7,061 7,819 8,578 9,336 9,477 9,618 9,759 9,900 10,041 10,182 8,176 11,840 11,658 11,383 11,454 12,167 12,565 12,963 12,628 12,209 11,331 12,196 11,322 10,349
Washington held for federal authorities 107 106 105 104 103 102 134 166 198 230 262 260 258 255 253 251 288 325 363 400 437 474 462 449 437 425 412 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408
Washington held for state prisons 135 85 24 28 28 61 49 62 46 0 0 0 0 0 1 332 424 362 430 463 614 386 279 163
Washington unadjusted jail population 2,457 2,698 2,938 3,179 3,419 3,660 4,089 4,518 4,948 5,377 5,806 6,562 7,318 8,075 8,831 9,587 9,765 9,943 10,122 10,300 10,478 10,656 8,638 12,289 12,095 11,808 11,867 12,899 13,390 13,727 13,461 13,076 12,350 12,988 12,008 10,920
West Virginia prison population 1,237 1,251 1,257 1,565 1,547 1,611 1,579 1,725 1,472 1,449 1,455 1,536 1,565 1,502 1,674 1,805 2,332 2,512 2,749 3,148 3,478 3,532 3,856 4,215 4,544 4,758 5,067 5,312 5,733 6,056 6,059 6,367 6,681 6,826 7,070 6,824 6,896 7,118
West Virginia jail population 1,015 1,030 1,044 1,059 1,073 1,088 1,133 1,178 1,224 1,269 1,314 1,385 1,354 1,241 1,218 1,408 1,382 1,755 1,713 1,333 1,567 1,675 1,861 2,318 1,901 2,106 2,314 2,558 2,718 2,955 2,956 2,367 2,338 2,017 2,438 3,182
West Virginia held for federal authorities 42 37 32 28 23 18 33 48 62 77 92 95 98 102 105 108 115 122 130 137 144 151 167 183 199 215 231 247 237 227 217 208 198 188 178 168
West Virginia held for state prisons 0 102 287 381 262 398 134 286 775 651 652 796 739 968 968 1,077 1,276 1,366 1,149 1,163 1,305 1,609 1,677 1,735 1,116
West Virginia unadjusted jail population 1,057 1,067 1,077 1,086 1,096 1,106 1,166 1,226 1,286 1,346 1,406 1,480 1,555 1,629 1,704 1,778 1,895 2,011 2,128 2,245 2,361 2,478 2,824 3,240 3,068 3,289 3,622 4,081 4,321 4,331 4,336 3,879 4,145 3,882 4,351 4,466
Wisconsin prison population 3,432 3,677 3,980 4,385 4,714 4,845 4,974 5,425 5,736 6,143 6,353 6,788 7,465 7,854 8,191 8,781 10,022 11,199 12,991 16,280 18,403 20,390 20,754 21,495 22,113 22,604 22,959 22,697 23,415 23,743 23,379 23,165 22,729 22,657 22,600 22,471 22,597 22,975
Wisconsin jail population 1,956 2,186 2,416 2,646 2,711 3,032 3,324 3,602 3,984 4,276 4,569 5,581 6,641 7,745 8,670 9,683 9,874 10,155 10,429 10,740 10,986 10,489 12,264 12,085 12,854 13,295 13,198 13,666 13,760 14,251 13,770 10,752 12,885 13,087 12,023 11,858
Wisconsin held for federal authorities 11 11 11 12 12 12 21 30 39 48 57 67 77 87 97 107 127 146 166 186 205 225 296 366 437 507 578 648 662 675 689 702 716 729 743 756
Wisconsin held for state prisons 165 74 75 89 0 73 98 78 238 310 377 354 338 284 296 1,051 427 414 267 261 622 594 677 715 943 703 543 149 70 11
Wisconsin unadjusted jail population 1,967 2,197 2,427 2,658 2,888 3,118 3,420 3,721 4,023 4,324 4,626 5,721 6,816 7,910 9,005 10,100 10,378 10,655 10,933 11,210 11,488 11,765 12,986 12,865 13,557 14,063 14,397 14,908 15,098 15,641 15,401 12,157 14,143 13,965 12,835 12,625
Wyoming prison population 433 504 534 556 702 721 724 762 861 916 945 1,026 1,110 1,099 1,063 1,129 1,217 1,395 1,477 1,549 1,571 1,710 1,680 1,684 1,737 1,872 1,980 2,047 2,114 2,084 2,084 2,075 2,112 2,183 2,204 2,310 2,383 2,424
Wyoming jail population 235 264 292 321 349 378 398 417 437 456 476 477 478 480 481 482 551 621 674 730 788 862 821 966 1,073 1,149 1,386 1,392 1,400 1,396 1,556 1,487 1,485 1,419 1,475 1,518
Wyoming held for federal authorities 11 10 9 7 6 5 6 7 9 10 11 14 16 19 21 24 33 42 52 61 70 79 86 92 99 106 112 119 110 101 92 84 75 66 57 48
Wyoming held for state prisons 0 16 29 41 36 17 27 58 87 1 23 22 56 46 50 7 9 4 16
Wyoming unadjusted jail population 246 273 301 328 356 383 404 425 445 466 487 491 495 498 502 506 585 663 742 820 899 977 924 1,085 1,230 1,342 1,499 1,534 1,532 1,553 1,694 1,620 1,567 1,494 1,536 1,582

Sources and methodology

Prison population
The total number of people being held for a state's prison system.
Unadjusted jail population
The total number of people being physically held in local jails as reported by jails to the Bureau of Justice Statistics. See our methodology.
Jail population
The number of people incarcerated for local authorities in local jails (excluding people held in jails for state or federal authorities). See our methodology.
Held for state prisons
The number of people, in that state, physically held in a jail for state prison authorities, as reported by the Bureau of Justice Statistics Prisoners Series. See our methodology.
Held for federal authorities
The number of people, in that state, physically held in a jail for Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service or other federal agencies, as reported by individual jails to the Bureau of Justice Statistics. See our methodology.

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