Oregon has an incarceration rate of 555 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than almost any democracy on earth. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in Oregon and why.
22,000 people from Oregon are behind bars
Additionally, the number of people impacted by county and city jails in Oregon is much larger than the graph above would suggest, because people cycle through local jails relatively quickly. Each year, at least 42,000 different people are booked into local jails in Oregon.
Rates of imprisonment have grown dramatically in the last 40 years
Today, Oregon’s incarceration rates stand out internationally
In the U.S., incarceration extends beyond prisons and local jails to include other systems of confinement. The U.S. and state incarceration rates in this graph include people held by these other parts of the justice system, so they may be slightly higher than the commonly reported incarceration rates that only include prisons and jails. Details on the data are available in States of Incarceration: The Global Context. We also have a version of this graph focusing on the incarceration of women.
People of color are overrepresented in prisons and jails
Oregon's criminal justice system is more than just its prisons and jails
The high cost of being incarcerated in Oregon
Prisons and jails in Oregon are increasingly shifting the cost of incarceration to people behind bars and their families, hiding the true economic costs of mass incarceration:
People in Oregon prisons must pay for hygiene items and other basics — regardless of their ability to pay. Someone who is considered indigent can get support with legal supplies, but they must pay the state back for any assistance they get.
As of December 2020, Oregon prisons were still almost full — by some estimates operating at 95% capacity.
Oregon failed to utilize one of the most obvious, and easiest, tools for reducing the prison population — stopping prison admissions for technical violations of probation and parole (which are not crimes).