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Era of Mass Expansion:

Why State Officials Should Fight Jail Growth

a Prison Policy Initiative Report
by Joshua Aiken
May 31, 2017

 

Table 4.
Jail and prison incarceration rates by state over time

Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont have combined prison and jail systems so their jail system is generally a part of their prison system.
State Prison Rate/Jail Rate 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Alabama Jail Rate 95.0 94.1 90.2 87.4 95.7 97.6 110.9 111.7 108.3 101.4 108.4 115.7 140.1 148.4 175.5 187.8 184.3 206.9 203.3 193.0 207.5 213.4 203.1 238.6 228.8 233.2 241.8 250.1 277.3 285.8 285.6 225.6 268.1 257.1 243.7 216.0
Alabama Prison Rate 144.2 141.2 163.3 183.7 218.6 245.1 259.3 270.6 288.2 313.9 307.1 336.8 379.4 400.1 407.8 431.1 447.7 468.5 487.4 496.3 504.0 544.2 584.8 585.5 615.6 607.3 559.8 594.1 598.7 616.8 634.8 652.5 642.4 649.6 650.5 647.4 633.7 611.3
Alaska Prison Rate 121.9 131.9 141.1 170.4 194.0 219.5 251.7 287.3 306.1 327.6 343.6 348.7 334.5 322.7 330.2 450.9 320.6 337.9 383.7 419.4 409.9 372.1 339.1 346.8 401.0 403.9 397.8 415.4 460.1 450.2 431.0 359.1 388.6 398.6 405.2 363.8 281.2 306.2
Arizona Jail Rate 88.7 88.5 88.9 90.2 91.2 92.2 107.4 120.9 133.2 144.3 142.3 193.4 235.9 273.4 306.4 335.4 310.3 281.1 264.9 243.7 226.0 212.8 196.9 241.8 221.6 237.8 245.9 248.8 239.0 256.5 272.0 225.2 194.2 195.2 208.5 202.6
Arizona Prison Rate 137.0 141.6 159.4 185.0 209.3 227.1 249.3 259.9 273.2 307.2 327.5 351.3 374.1 391.8 404.8 422.1 447.7 457.8 469.2 471.9 481.2 476.6 491.8 498.9 513.7 531.6 540.1 525.7 541.9 557.8 572.2 584.2 599.1 589.2 582.8 584.3 592.4 595.9
Arkansas Jail Rate 52.6 55.6 58.8 62.3 65.9 69.2 71.6 69.3 57.3 77.3 67.7 62.8 61.0 95.8 83.8 81.7 109.5 106.7 98.1 103.8 153.7 155.5 163.1 165.1 175.8 185.2 172.6 171.6 189.5 201.8 194.3 186.7 176.3 204.3 221.8 128.9
Arkansas Prison Rate 115.0 131.3 127.2 145.1 171.0 184.2 193.2 198.2 201.6 232.3 235.6 279.0 308.7 324.0 339.2 325.0 354.1 336.0 349.6 382.0 402.1 427.5 442.5 464.4 480.6 486.5 497.7 482.1 487.1 503.5 511.2 524.1 552.7 544.6 494.2 579.0 599.2 591.2
California Jail Rate 112.9 123.2 132.6 139.3 146.0 153.6 167.0 181.7 197.9 209.2 219.9 268.5 314.9 362.0 408.2 455.6 416.9 378.5 339.3 299.4 260.4 214.0 193.1 189.8 197.0 196.9 199.9 209.4 208.1 210.1 209.2 202.6 183.6 179.6 198.6 202.7
California Prison Rate 85.6 91.4 97.8 114.9 135.3 149.9 161.2 182.8 213.0 233.3 259.2 288.7 314.2 323.3 340.5 369.5 386.1 415.6 446.2 470.2 482.3 479.2 471.9 456.1 458.7 461.5 463.8 472.1 483.5 477.2 471.8 460.3 439.8 393.5 351.2 352.0 348.1 328.6
Colorado Jail Rate 56.7 61.5 66.6 71.1 67.2 72.5 85.1 93.1 100.8 115.7 123.6 157.0 184.7 236.3 249.1 283.8 244.7 247.4 219.0 188.8 157.1 147.8 156.7 224.6 234.3 242.1 224.8 261.6 269.4 263.4 252.5 250.3 236.8 214.7 226.6 220.8
Colorado Prison Rate 89.4 93.3 89.7 93.0 99.4 103.5 101.9 105.5 117.5 147.5 176.7 210.9 231.9 247.8 257.4 261.8 287.8 289.1 317.3 335.0 347.7 370.8 388.9 393.6 418.1 432.5 441.2 460.4 473.0 471.7 471.6 453.7 452.0 426.5 392.2 383.3 381.8 364.2
Connecticut Prison Rate 60.2 69.0 88.3 107.0 99.7 113.1 117.9 126.3 134.2 142.8 144.4 192.2 236.1 259.9 266.4 317.5 316.6 313.4 340.8 355.9 362.3 384.8 385.6 387.2 408.4 391.8 381.1 377.3 394.4 412.7 407.4 382.7 372.2 349.6 332.6 337.9 326.5 312.2
Delaware Prison Rate 168.0 181.7 182.7 209.4 252.5 260.8 252.8 284.5 311.7 339.0 340.8 347.0 334.7 362.0 389.3 393.7 396.4 413.0 420.9 434.3 420.7 481.3 500.6 507.5 455.0 505.8 494.4 472.9 491.8 485.7 464.2 448.6 440.2 438.5 448.4 441.8 439.9 440.7
District of Columbia Jail Rate 195.5 228.9 262.7 292.8 323.7 354.3 331.6 308.8 284.9 263.4 186.7 116.3 121.1 264.1 269.9 247.6 282.0 290.1 298.2 304.7 310.1 312.7 25.3 223.5 466.7 286.7 473.3 242.6 447.3 390.5 363.6 377.1 364.0 354.2 261.8 233.7
District of Columbia Prison Rate 377.6 396.4 426.7 460.4 528.4 547.9 587.0 725.6 750.0 881.4 1051.4 1065.4 1123.0 1182.6 1259.8 1496.4 1711.5 1557.6 1514.4 1647.4 1440.8 1180.3 1382.4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Florida Jail Rate 107.1 114.8 118.8 123.5 128.9 136.8 154.6 171.1 186.7 201.2 215.3 262.8 306.8 351.1 395.3 438.3 417.6 398.3 379.1 360.2 342.6 326.1 296.9 294.7 315.3 302.3 331.8 341.8 342.9 345.1 341.2 310.0 292.6 283.4 275.2 247.9
Florida Prison Rate 232.6 204.9 205.4 227.6 259.2 236.2 242.4 250.9 276.2 269.7 281.8 316.2 340.5 348.0 353.7 379.7 401.4 439.3 429.2 425.2 433.9 441.6 444.4 442.7 450.9 482.9 492.3 504.8 513.4 537.4 555.7 560.6 553.7 536.6 524.5 521.6 511.8 495.9
Georgia Jail Rate 149.6 156.9 150.7 172.2 179.6 186.8 201.6 215.1 228.2 240.7 253.4 307.5 360.1 409.9 456.4 501.3 487.5 474.8 462.5 450.1 438.4 378.9 350.1 355.4 374.3 387.0 407.9 427.3 429.3 412.0 435.4 430.9 431.0 405.9 386.2 317.3
Georgia Prison Rate 205.0 216.4 217.4 222.3 248.5 260.7 250.2 257.7 260.5 285.5 285.3 306.0 332.8 345.8 364.5 388.1 454.4 466.2 457.6 465.7 492.9 522.1 536.3 545.2 552.4 540.3 573.2 535.8 565.7 568.8 543.5 564.8 563.1 546.8 542.0 532.2 516.6 503.4
Hawaii Prison Rate 52.3 56.7 64.9 77.4 90.9 105.2 129.4 137.4 144.6 143.5 139.8 160.5 153.4 155.4 191.8 198.7 201.4 216.4 245.4 284.6 302.0 315.4 293.3 301.2 312.7 336.2 333.2 349.3 342.8 342.0 334.3 318.0 288.9 282.2 273.2 255.8 256.8 262.3
Idaho Jail Rate 55.7 56.4 57.5 58.6 59.9 61.3 64.5 67.1 71.9 71.7 59.5 80.7 94.5 108.1 106.2 119.5 118.8 157.9 168.3 175.8 182.2 163.7 161.3 195.3 211.2 219.6 188.8 221.9 222.4 217.9 219.2 207.4 194.1 183.7 190.3 164.1
Idaho Prison Rate 88.0 89.0 86.1 99.5 107.2 120.9 126.5 135.2 146.2 145.7 160.4 186.0 193.7 205.8 210.5 235.0 245.5 282.7 318.5 318.4 326.0 379.6 425.9 452.9 428.1 420.6 458.1 478.2 486.5 488.2 477.3 478.7 473.0 486.7 498.8 507.5 488.5 436.0
Illinois Jail Rate 52.0 57.8 63.5 69.2 75.1 80.3 80.5 80.8 80.9 81.3 81.4 92.2 102.8 112.8 122.6 132.2 132.9 133.5 134.3 135.1 136.0 136.8 134.6 151.8 158.9 164.4 155.0 228.9 153.7 154.5 155.7 143.8 147.6 150.2 155.0 160.4
Illinois Prison Rate 94.1 99.5 93.8 122.4 122.1 136.1 150.0 163.5 170.9 174.3 185.1 216.6 240.2 251.7 270.6 292.1 306.7 313.6 321.0 334.7 350.8 361.4 364.1 354.6 340.0 344.6 348.4 354.4 354.7 353.8 354.1 349.8 377.0 376.3 382.8 377.5 374.9 359.6
Indiana Jail Rate 45.4 49.9 54.9 59.7 64.7 69.7 74.0 78.4 82.8 86.9 91.0 91.9 98.1 108.8 117.4 122.9 134.7 140.4 149.1 156.7 164.9 177.6 187.2 251.8 215.2 216.2 226.4 243.7 271.5 233.5 241.8 246.1 243.5 237.6 250.6 218.8
Indiana Prison Rate 80.7 96.3 114.4 137.9 151.7 164.6 166.0 178.9 182.7 194.3 205.2 221.2 227.0 241.7 243.0 250.3 257.5 274.2 284.3 297.7 317.0 318.6 325.2 341.0 350.3 372.2 385.2 390.5 413.5 427.3 443.0 448.2 431.6 442.6 439.9 454.1 442.6 411.9
Iowa Jail Rate 23.8 25.1 26.5 27.8 29.3 30.8 32.0 33.4 34.9 36.3 37.4 41.4 45.4 49.2 53.0 56.7 62.7 68.5 74.4 80.3 86.1 91.9 92.4 93.8 110.2 117.4 108.4 125.8 120.0 123.6 120.2 112.9 115.3 118.0 122.7 114.9
Iowa Prison Rate 67.2 77.5 85.0 91.8 98.0 98.0 99.2 95.0 99.5 103.0 109.6 129.4 142.7 148.2 160.3 172.7 190.7 206.0 220.2 240.0 254.7 247.9 271.7 271.8 286.7 291.4 289.8 296.2 298.1 293.2 292.8 293.0 307.8 295.0 281.7 279.1 282.2 281.3
Kansas Jail Rate 38.2 41.4 44.4 47.4 50.4 53.4 57.7 62.0 66.3 70.4 74.3 86.8 99.4 111.5 122.8 134.2 138.0 142.0 146.3 150.1 153.7 157.6 170.6 185.9 198.8 240.0 213.1 227.3 237.5 224.2 232.9 207.5 230.7 214.4 204.2 208.8
Kansas Prison Rate 100.3 97.5 105.2 116.2 128.2 153.4 175.1 194.9 219.7 236.4 236.3 227.1 232.7 236.2 238.0 224.0 246.9 271.2 296.7 300.2 307.6 319.9 309.9 317.5 329.4 335.5 328.3 330.7 319.9 313.3 305.3 306.6 316.6 324.0 324.6 327.7 328.8 328.3
Kentucky Jail Rate 61.7 69.6 75.0 83.0 89.5 95.1 87.1 89.5 91.6 94.1 99.6 105.3 142.9 155.9 180.2 201.3 203.1 212.9 215.3 213.9 223.7 177.2 180.8 345.4 241.5 242.7 260.0 242.4 245.0 223.0 230.8 215.0 225.0 229.4 226.6 195.2
Kentucky Prison Rate 93.9 101.3 97.9 108.8 109.4 129.2 130.4 134.8 143.4 174.8 193.5 225.4 244.3 263.3 275.2 273.9 287.5 310.2 329.4 369.4 376.1 381.2 368.5 371.2 380.6 393.1 413.2 459.4 462.5 512.7 491.1 479.2 458.6 479.0 489.2 461.3 474.4 489.3
Louisiana Jail Rate 91.9 113.7 117.5 142.0 138.4 133.7 131.4 141.5 147.1 146.4 157.6 188.8 218.1 240.4 283.1 277.6 260.7 269.4 281.4 266.2 233.6 218.1 135.1 219.9 226.3 227.4 224.3 278.8 206.1 271.6 242.1 198.7 243.1 207.3 227.0 130.9
Louisiana Prison Rate 179.0 184.1 210.6 219.8 251.1 291.5 310.4 315.1 324.5 353.9 378.7 405.8 440.6 470.3 486.8 520.5 553.5 575.4 608.8 661.9 725.8 763.7 787.8 802.8 806.8 805.6 822.8 802.3 857.9 853.3 849.2 885.6 867.8 865.2 870.1 846.8 815.6 776.2
Maine Jail Rate 27.3 27.8 34.8 37.2 38.0 40.6 44.0 45.8 48.6 50.9 52.1 52.7 54.5 56.3 57.8 59.0 65.8 72.5 79.0 85.5 92.0 98.2 91.9 101.4 108.0 111.7 104.1 109.7 125.0 114.3 106.2 102.3 62.9 85.9 87.6 71.7
Maine Prison Rate 51.7 57.0 59.5 71.1 78.5 75.2 73.3 105.5 106.1 104.5 100.8 117.4 120.2 125.9 120.5 116.4 112.7 106.6 108.2 122.9 130.3 131.3 128.0 127.7 140.4 149.7 149.9 145.2 151.9 148.0 150.4 150.2 146.3 146.9 145.4 148.3 152.6 131.9
Maryland Jail Rate 75.2 80.0 87.0 96.0 100.4 106.1 116.7 127.2 136.7 145.7 154.0 187.7 220.4 252.8 285.1 317.1 298.5 280.3 262.7 245.3 228.0 208.0 185.9 192.3 209.7 214.9 222.4 215.3 220.2 236.9 228.6 203.8 204.3 203.7 198.8 195.7
Maryland Prison Rate 189.1 186.1 182.9 209.1 257.6 277.7 285.0 278.8 279.9 282.8 291.4 325.3 348.6 366.2 382.0 384.6 395.3 403.4 410.4 408.9 413.9 422.2 423.5 425.0 427.8 422.6 409.5 396.7 397.6 404.3 402.0 383.7 385.0 379.5 360.3 352.2 345.9 338.8
Massachusetts Jail Rate 36.4 41.6 45.2 51.4 55.8 60.1 66.2 72.1 76.6 84.3 85.0 106.4 128.7 145.7 167.7 191.2 185.0 185.2 182.3 178.7 173.6 169.8 134.6 157.7 167.1 174.6 187.0 175.9 198.5 193.7 189.0 187.0 148.3 141.8 130.2 140.5
Massachusetts Prison Rate 48.5 50.1 54.8 65.7 73.4 75.4 81.1 87.7 91.4 100.6 107.9 120.8 133.1 146.6 160.3 153.0 170.6 169.8 176.1 174.2 171.3 162.8 149.0 145.9 138.9 136.6 134.7 140.7 146.5 151.9 155.4 152.7 153.0 205.0 199.0 191.9 188.2 179.3
Michigan Jail Rate 61.8 65.6 69.3 73.9 78.9 83.6 87.4 91.0 94.3 97.5 101.0 112.3 123.3 133.7 144.1 154.6 154.6 150.2 150.4 152.4 152.1 151.7 152.5 157.7 160.6 160.2 171.6 173.5 179.1 176.9 170.4 164.2 159.1 160.1 165.5 166.3
Michigan Prison Rate 162.4 162.2 163.4 164.6 163.6 160.4 161.4 195.6 227.2 259.9 299.5 341.9 368.0 387.5 412.6 412.1 423.3 424.9 434.0 456.4 465.9 471.0 479.3 488.2 504.0 490.3 484.5 491.0 511.6 499.8 487.3 456.2 446.6 434.2 440.8 441.2 436.9 429.2
Minnesota Jail Rate 33.2 37.2 41.1 45.0 49.0 53.0 56.4 59.7 63.0 66.1 68.7 80.4 91.7 103.0 114.0 121.6 119.8 117.6 111.8 112.6 109.7 104.7 91.6 103.3 106.9 111.5 119.9 119.2 121.7 126.0 106.6 105.4 108.7 101.7 98.8 94.3
Minnesota Prison Rate 48.8 51.9 49.0 47.8 50.4 51.0 52.1 56.0 58.6 60.1 65.2 71.5 72.4 78.2 85.0 92.2 99.2 104.0 109.5 111.4 115.5 122.2 126.4 132.6 142.1 155.8 172.4 181.8 176.9 182.4 189.5 189.6 184.5 182.7 184.2 189.1 194.3 196.1
Mississippi Jail Rate 52.1 36.0 42.4 47.8 54.3 56.5 50.5 69.7 65.8 82.7 81.9 99.7 136.6 155.1 173.5 227.9 183.8 169.7 152.8 233.5 242.1 195.4 211.9 188.1 189.0 206.1 194.0 215.6 206.8 224.5 200.8 175.3 189.1 145.7 195.3 165.2
Mississippi Prison Rate 105.8 136.6 150.3 177.0 209.6 213.5 231.7 239.9 253.0 259.6 281.0 299.1 313.5 334.1 332.3 361.6 394.4 450.0 478.3 492.5 565.3 615.5 675.5 717.6 748.5 682.4 674.6 666.7 663.4 735.9 738.0 703.5 685.7 690.3 716.7 692.8 597.0 608.8
Missouri Jail Rate 57.9 61.9 66.1 70.3 74.6 78.6 79.3 80.1 80.9 81.5 82.2 91.1 99.7 108.1 116.4 124.3 123.8 123.2 122.7 121.2 122.0 121.8 128.6 136.6 148.0 152.3 160.4 161.7 176.9 165.8 181.8 176.5 163.3 177.2 191.4 180.7
Missouri Prison Rate 115.7 108.0 116.3 131.6 151.0 163.9 176.3 195.9 205.2 224.6 239.6 273.2 291.4 307.4 310.3 306.9 336.1 355.8 405.1 431.7 453.4 469.9 490.9 509.1 529.5 529.8 539.4 530.5 514.3 505.0 506.6 510.3 510.6 512.4 518.0 520.8 525.6 530.1
Montana Jail Rate 47.8 48.0 48.8 49.2 49.5 49.6 52.7 56.0 60.1 64.3 68.2 71.9 75.5 78.3 80.4 82.2 92.1 86.5 102.3 98.1 117.3 50.1 64.3 134.8 133.5 128.6 123.7 129.8 125.0 106.4 105.7 109.8 124.8 34.9 131.6 211.3
Montana Prison Rate 86.7 90.2 93.6 104.1 113.7 110.7 117.4 137.3 136.5 149.9 159.0 166.1 178.1 182.5 187.5 182.4 204.8 228.1 251.6 285.6 306.4 328.8 343.7 367.4 365.2 394.9 341.7 375.4 376.6 358.4 363.3 369.8 375.0 367.2 357.9 357.2 359.6 355.2
Nebraska Jail Rate 33.5 38.8 44.0 49.2 54.4 59.6 61.2 63.2 65.5 67.7 69.3 76.3 83.1 89.6 95.9 102.3 97.8 93.2 88.6 84.4 80.4 76.3 108.9 120.6 126.5 124.2 143.6 147.7 133.5 143.1 152.1 166.1 161.8 157.7 159.0 161.1
Nebraska Prison Rate 79.6 76.3 89.1 93.6 100.1 97.9 98.6 109.4 124.1 125.3 131.5 144.7 144.5 150.8 151.1 151.8 162.7 181.4 192.6 197.4 211.6 213.1 222.7 225.0 230.3 229.3 231.8 247.2 238.8 244.6 248.3 244.5 245.8 243.9 246.5 262.8 282.9 279.0
Nevada Jail Rate 133.2 124.3 116.7 110.7 105.7 102.6 124.7 145.4 164.3 179.8 192.5 197.0 198.0 201.2 207.2 212.2 220.3 228.5 235.9 241.4 247.9 245.7 219.7 219.2 223.0 298.0 258.1 218.9 226.0 265.1 255.8 266.1 253.9 241.6 237.8 235.6
Nevada Prison Rate 187.7 204.7 227.0 249.6 312.3 353.5 377.1 396.5 464.1 433.3 454.0 449.5 436.0 449.3 447.6 442.6 466.4 487.7 499.6 511.5 520.8 486.5 498.6 488.6 483.7 471.3 484.4 483.4 509.0 515.8 487.2 472.3 464.3 461.3 459.9 458.6 433.2 444.1
New Hampshire Jail Rate 43.4 44.7 46.0 47.5 48.9 50.4 55.5 60.3 64.4 68.3 72.0 84.7 98.2 112.7 126.2 139.0 132.2 125.4 112.8 106.3 100.9 96.2 47.3 88.7 104.5 107.7 117.0 132.9 147.3 142.7 141.1 146.9 146.9 144.4 147.9 137.5
New Hampshire Prison Rate 31.7 34.7 35.3 42.5 47.0 50.0 59.5 68.5 76.3 82.2 94.1 105.6 120.6 138.1 159.0 157.2 176.9 174.1 175.5 182.3 179.9 184.7 182.0 190.3 192.8 189.9 189.4 193.6 208.6 222.4 204.4 206.2 209.7 198.1 211.2 215.0 219.2 217.5
New Jersey Jail Rate 52.3 59.1 63.2 58.5 56.8 71.1 75.5 88.1 89.8 100.9 112.8 120.8 141.9 149.3 166.2 182.0 178.6 162.2 155.4 168.5 151.4 139.6 128.8 147.0 156.9 160.4 167.3 166.8 178.1 173.9 170.6 152.1 154.4 149.8 160.6 162.3
New Jersey Prison Rate 73.7 75.1 75.4 92.6 107.5 123.1 137.9 149.8 157.7 208.2 219.6 251.6 272.2 300.5 287.5 299.8 307.4 334.8 337.3 345.1 375.5 376.7 353.3 331.5 326.4 317.4 310.7 317.3 317.4 310.6 299.6 291.5 284.2 269.3 261.3 251.5 241.2 228.2
New Mexico Jail Rate 56.0 61.9 67.6 74.9 80.7 86.4 96.6 106.4 115.8 125.6 135.5 154.7 173.1 189.9 205.2 219.8 226.5 212.4 224.6 219.3 190.4 263.0 275.4 295.5 295.7 327.5 354.1 362.4 379.3 361.8 381.2 336.9 362.6 332.5 337.4 340.8
New Mexico Prison Rate 120.2 114.5 91.6 100.9 106.1 122.5 134.7 146.8 157.7 174.9 182.7 207.5 201.6 193.9 197.7 206.1 210.0 228.2 257.1 250.7 269.0 264.2 256.3 295.7 304.4 317.4 323.0 328.3 327.5 316.2 317.9 314.5 320.2 329.1 314.8 320.4 328.8 335.4
New York Jail Rate 59.9 66.5 74.3 80.4 86.5 92.2 101.9 111.5 121.2 130.8 140.1 169.7 199.5 229.0 258.2 287.0 269.7 252.8 235.9 213.8 189.1 176.4 138.8 144.0 152.1 152.1 151.8 152.7 160.4 155.3 149.2 146.0 146.4 143.8 142.0 127.9
New York Prison Rate 115.5 118.3 123.2 145.1 158.9 172.5 186.6 194.0 215.6 228.6 248.4 284.9 304.6 319.3 338.3 351.4 361.6 369.7 375.0 370.4 385.4 386.1 369.5 353.8 350.0 339.0 330.4 323.2 325.3 320.1 308.0 299.1 291.1 282.8 275.6 270.8 264.9 260.1
North Carolina Jail Rate 44.6 48.5 52.2 55.9 59.6 63.2 67.4 71.5 75.7 79.6 83.5 99.2 114.4 129.2 143.8 155.8 155.4 154.7 154.4 159.0 160.8 165.1 141.3 145.2 168.1 167.3 176.5 189.3 189.1 194.4 193.9 153.5 178.9 177.2 185.0 180.1
North Carolina Prison Rate 213.8 232.0 245.2 249.0 255.0 234.6 246.9 256.0 259.0 251.7 250.8 253.3 266.6 269.3 289.5 303.4 320.6 380.1 370.0 360.0 348.9 335.1 334.7 336.8 344.1 349.2 359.7 363.6 363.4 364.3 370.2 371.6 370.7 361.7 357.2 355.4 357.9 352.0
North Dakota Jail Rate 21.5 24.8 28.1 31.1 34.0 36.8 36.4 36.3 36.5 36.7 36.8 39.8 42.8 45.6 48.0 50.4 54.2 58.0 47.7 55.4 67.0 71.0 72.6 79.8 96.2 102.8 108.9 126.5 118.5 105.0 110.2 101.3 102.6 125.3 124.8 119.0
North Dakota Prison Rate 21.2 20.9 28.3 33.1 41.3 51.7 55.1 55.4 53.9 57.5 63.2 62.5 68.2 69.4 67.1 69.6 77.7 84.0 99.9 110.1 128.8 134.4 155.0 161.4 161.8 181.3 194.6 208.9 214.1 221.9 226.4 229.7 220.4 205.5 213.5 205.9 214.1 232.7
Ohio Jail Rate 49.6 53.6 57.7 61.8 66.0 70.2 72.9 75.6 78.4 80.8 83.2 95.4 107.4 118.9 130.3 141.6 141.7 141.8 142.0 142.3 142.6 143.0 137.9 144.7 159.0 166.9 167.4 166.2 175.1 173.5 162.0 167.7 145.8 148.4 156.1 153.0
Ohio Prison Rate 121.4 123.7 124.9 138.7 161.0 167.7 173.4 194.4 209.3 225.3 245.1 282.0 292.9 326.6 348.0 366.1 375.8 398.7 410.7 425.8 428.3 413.2 403.3 397.3 399.7 391.2 390.8 399.6 427.8 440.3 448.4 447.1 448.2 441.4 440.4 446.5 443.8 449.0
Oklahoma Jail Rate 58.0 61.9 61.5 67.7 71.5 74.3 75.2 76.3 77.5 79.3 81.2 95.8 103.3 109.7 121.1 136.8 144.5 154.5 161.7 153.0 156.4 159.5 172.5 173.9 163.8 171.3 197.5 221.2 242.0 236.3 207.6 214.5 227.9 228.6 236.7 177.5
Oklahoma Prison Rate 143.7 143.1 157.8 170.6 202.7 227.3 239.6 254.6 298.5 300.3 329.9 368.5 390.2 420.1 460.2 504.5 506.9 548.7 586.6 609.0 613.5 651.5 671.2 657.5 651.5 641.6 652.0 691.1 668.4 669.9 664.4 661.7 651.9 632.2 647.9 702.8 699.5 715.3
Oregon Jail Rate 72.0 73.9 76.2 79.1 83.0 87.1 89.7 92.6 95.2 97.6 99.2 117.6 141.3 164.1 184.3 203.4 197.8 191.7 184.1 179.9 177.6 173.9 179.6 204.4 167.4 173.0 170.0 176.2 169.9 211.9 156.8 142.3 143.8 142.7 192.3 135.8
Oregon Prison Rate 114.5 122.9 120.1 123.4 146.4 149.0 158.4 163.7 177.8 202.0 218.6 220.6 227.0 190.4 175.0 167.0 190.2 204.6 225.3 229.7 268.0 289.9 307.6 327.6 343.5 357.6 368.5 370.1 371.6 372.8 373.5 375.5 386.4 372.2 378.3 384.3 376.3 375.5
Pennsylvania Jail Rate 52.6 59.1 65.7 72.3 78.9 85.5 91.0 96.8 102.1 107.2 112.2 138.8 165.1 191.1 217.0 242.6 236.9 231.5 226.3 221.1 216.0 210.5 218.7 235.6 258.8 249.7 254.7 264.6 279.0 294.7 287.2 287.6 266.2 272.7 283.2 279.2
Pennsylvania Prison Rate 65.1 64.7 68.3 78.4 88.2 98.8 110.0 120.0 128.7 137.6 151.0 172.4 187.2 195.2 207.2 214.9 232.6 265.7 282.6 285.9 297.0 297.8 299.9 309.4 325.8 330.8 330.4 341.0 352.8 362.9 390.3 407.1 401.6 402.9 398.2 400.5 393.8 386.7
Rhode Island Prison Rate 54.7 58.4 63.3 72.3 81.9 91.8 92.6 99.4 103.0 100.1 118.3 146.8 157.7 173.1 168.9 169.3 182.7 180.2 198.9 204.8 210.9 183.4 187.1 182.0 191.8 185.1 176.8 190.1 202.7 235.2 239.4 210.8 198.2 196.5 190.1 193.4 178.0 203.8
South Carolina Jail Rate 49.0 55.2 58.9 63.6 68.3 71.8 75.3 79.9 82.2 84.7 88.7 103.3 115.6 128.7 141.4 154.3 165.8 174.4 183.3 192.1 201.0 207.1 198.1 238.9 275.0 242.2 250.9 259.1 268.9 283.3 279.2 253.9 242.5 235.5 222.5 223.2
South Carolina Prison Rate 234.5 230.5 237.1 252.0 269.0 280.6 284.7 300.0 329.7 350.9 378.1 428.4 462.9 482.0 486.5 488.5 490.3 507.3 520.5 525.0 533.5 534.1 522.4 531.8 556.5 553.3 541.0 527.8 526.8 527.0 520.9 514.9 492.2 473.1 458.0 446.4 428.2 413.9
South Dakota Jail Rate 40.8 42.1 43.3 44.7 45.9 47.0 50.9 55.0 59.3 63.5 67.5 74.5 81.4 87.7 93.6 99.3 106.1 113.0 120.2 127.8 135.5 142.7 129.3 123.5 142.4 144.0 160.7 156.4 170.0 154.9 137.7 161.2 151.6 141.4 169.3 179.8
South Dakota Prison Rate 73.3 78.2 88.2 96.0 109.3 116.6 129.7 148.5 150.9 162.8 146.1 180.3 192.4 195.3 208.6 215.1 233.7 253.6 278.0 301.3 324.0 332.9 345.8 366.4 382.0 393.2 398.8 442.8 424.9 414.8 414.3 422.2 420.2 426.0 434.5 432.3 421.0 413.1
Tennessee Jail Rate 99.2 102.8 110.1 115.8 123.3 110.6 117.0 150.8 153.7 159.2 160.7 210.4 287.4 341.3 414.1 465.7 430.6 404.6 385.9 376.2 345.0 261.7 253.3 231.8 231.3 270.3 262.8 265.6 407.8 275.2 280.8 288.2 292.0 278.0 287.0 252.6
Tennessee Prison Rate 130.8 146.2 152.6 170.7 169.4 176.0 155.9 151.2 160.2 159.7 160.3 219.0 212.2 231.0 234.7 249.6 275.3 285.5 288.5 302.9 384.9 399.1 388.7 411.3 430.6 433.8 437.5 439.8 422.8 425.5 436.3 428.3 431.8 443.0 438.2 437.1 437.4 425.0
Texas Jail Rate 71.9 76.9 81.3 85.6 88.7 92.5 106.1 119.2 131.7 145.7 159.8 226.3 290.0 350.8 409.2 300.5 313.6 389.8 354.7 320.4 287.2 219.9 220.8 161.3 179.3 191.3 201.5 171.3 207.0 216.4 211.3 200.6 192.2 189.5 192.5 170.4
Texas Prison Rate 182.1 191.0 208.5 213.6 235.8 223.8 229.2 230.6 232.7 233.6 242.6 261.9 293.4 297.0 340.5 506.6 636.7 673.9 684.5 711.0 716.9 753.3 754.4 717.5 699.1 709.7 703.1 698.4 694.1 678.3 670.7 654.4 652.0 632.7 601.2 599.5 582.3 567.5
Utah Jail Rate 46.3 48.6 50.8 51.2 54.9 54.2 59.9 64.3 66.0 68.9 76.7 87.7 105.7 111.4 120.9 129.5 135.5 138.5 145.5 151.8 139.8 144.1 180.3 185.8 181.6 199.6 198.3 184.0 183.1 192.5 188.4 189.3 195.9 183.2 183.2 150.2
Utah Prison Rate 66.6 67.6 63.0 74.3 76.9 79.1 91.9 98.8 104.9 109.5 115.1 138.8 142.9 146.5 146.3 151.2 154.5 171.1 192.3 201.9 221.3 234.4 246.9 229.3 234.5 238.7 242.5 251.0 245.4 241.1 235.6 234.3 244.8 242.6 242.1 241.9 236.5 214.9
Vermont Prison Rate 70.4 61.5 66.7 76.6 83.8 72.2 71.8 83.6 82.2 93.5 100.6 112.3 120.6 128.9 151.0 154.6 168.0 177.9 134.9 138.6 159.7 194.8 215.3 214.5 214.8 227.2 234.7 249.2 263.6 260.8 260.5 277.3 263.5 255.1 242.3 251.3 240.7 206.2
Virginia Jail Rate 60.0 73.2 87.3 90.5 93.4 105.8 106.7 112.9 112.4 126.4 131.5 135.2 157.8 176.6 185.9 177.5 204.7 194.2 204.8 189.5 216.5 191.2 222.2 240.1 233.2 245.4 255.0 261.3 266.7 291.5 268.1 242.8 260.5 226.8 259.8 236.8
Virginia Prison Rate 149.2 154.0 159.9 165.6 176.9 177.1 189.0 205.0 215.9 218.0 230.7 265.9 280.2 312.0 327.2 347.7 406.4 408.7 400.9 403.0 415.5 415.5 417.2 440.3 480.2 475.6 476.2 467.3 479.8 492.0 490.2 482.8 466.2 468.0 450.7 445.6 449.2 456.7
Washington Jail Rate 60.4 61.1 66.2 72.0 76.9 82.1 89.7 97.8 105.3 112.6 119.5 132.8 144.1 156.0 166.9 177.9 177.6 177.1 177.1 176.7 176.5 176.9 138.3 197.8 192.6 186.5 185.4 194.4 197.2 200.6 192.4 183.1 168.0 178.7 164.2 148.4
Washington Prison Rate 115.5 108.2 105.9 126.0 146.5 154.8 157.0 157.3 148.3 135.3 125.4 146.0 163.1 182.2 193.0 197.4 201.5 211.8 224.9 232.9 245.4 249.2 248.1 250.8 262.9 262.3 266.9 276.6 274.4 274.7 273.0 273.1 270.1 259.5 249.0 255.7 253.6 252.2
West Virginia Jail Rate 52.8 53.0 53.5 54.2 55.1 55.9 58.8 61.8 65.0 68.3 71.8 76.7 75.6 69.0 67.5 77.5 76.0 96.4 94.1 73.4 86.5 92.7 103.0 128.7 105.3 116.2 127.4 140.5 148.7 161.1 160.6 128.1 126.1 108.7 131.3 171.7
West Virginia Prison Rate 64.4 64.5 64.4 80.1 79.4 82.8 81.9 90.5 78.2 78.0 79.5 85.0 87.3 83.5 92.7 99.3 128.1 136.2 149.5 173.1 191.6 194.9 210.0 231.5 250.3 261.6 278.7 293.4 316.5 334.0 331.7 346.9 358.2 366.6 378.5 367.7 372.5 386.0
Wisconsin Jail Rate 42.1 46.7 51.3 56.0 57.3 64.2 70.2 75.9 83.8 89.5 94.7 114.9 135.5 156.4 173.2 191.5 193.8 197.7 201.6 206.5 210.4 199.8 228.2 223.5 236.1 242.6 239.3 246.4 246.7 254.0 244.1 189.7 226.4 229.2 209.9 206.5
Wisconsin Prison Rate 74.1 78.8 84.4 92.8 99.7 102.6 105.0 113.6 120.2 128.2 131.2 139.5 151.7 156.6 159.0 165.6 185.5 199.4 236.0 298.1 338.9 376.0 378.4 388.9 397.4 402.9 402.6 395.7 406.0 398.2 398.8 394.9 386.1 384.6 356.9 370.1 371.1 376.6
Wyoming Jail Rate 54.3 58.0 61.6 65.2 69.0 74.1 78.7 83.5 88.1 95.7 102.3 104.1 105.5 104.8 103.7 102.8 116.1 129.7 140.4 152.1 164.1 179.7 166.2 195.2 214.6 228.3 272.2 270.7 267.8 260.9 284.9 265.5 263.1 250.0 255.6 260.3
Wyoming Prison Rate 100.5 111.5 112.6 113.1 138.6 141.3 143.4 152.5 173.7 192.1 203.2 223.8 244.7 239.3 228.0 238.4 253.4 287.5 302.8 316.5 320.1 347.7 340.1 341.6 349.5 375.0 393.7 404.4 412.2 398.2 391.0 381.2 374.1 381.7 379.5 395.7 407.1 413.1

Sources and methodology

Prison rate
The number of people incarcerated for the state prison system per 100,000 people in that state. See our methodology.
Jail rate
The number of people incarcerated for local authorities in local jails (excluding people held in jails for state or federal authorities) per 100,000 people in that state. See our methodology.


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