Texas has an incarceration rate of 891 per 100,000 people (including prisons, jails, immigration detention, and juvenile justice facilities), meaning that it locks up a higher percentage of its people than many wealthy democracies do. Read on to learn more about who is incarcerated in Texas and why.
Jump to COVID-19 data.
250,000 people from Texas are behind bars
Additionally, the number of people impacted by county and city jails in Texas is much larger than the graph above would suggest, because people cycle through local jails relatively quickly. Each year, at least 505,000 different people are booked into local jails in Texas.
Rates of imprisonment have grown dramatically in the last 40 years
Also see these Texas graphs:
Today, Texas’s incarceration rates stand out internationally
In the U.S., incarceration extends beyond prisons and local jails to include other systems of confinement. The U.S. and state incarceration rates in this graph include people held by these other parts of the justice system, so they may be slightly higher than the commonly reported incarceration rates that only include prisons and jails. Details on the data are available in States of Incarceration: The Global Context. We also have a version of this graph focusing on the incarceration of women.
People of color are overrepresented in prisons and jails
See also our detailed graphs about Whites
in Texas prisons and jails.
Texas's criminal justice system is more than just its prisons and jails
Data on COVID-19 in Texas jails and prisons
If you're looking for case or death counts, our friends at the COVID-19 Behind Bars Data Project have a detailed spreadsheet whose numbers may be as current as (or more current than) the state prison system's own data. To learn how Texas ranks on other important pandemic-related issues, see our resources below:
Our other articles about Texas
Protecting family contact in Texas prisons and jails
Travis County, Texas: A case study on video visitation
Victory: In-person visits return to jails in Travis County, Texas!
In-person family visits will return to Austin, Texas
Dallas County approves video visitation contract
Dallas County rejects Securus video visitation contract
Prison-based gerrymandering in Texas
Texas counties favor fairness and common sense over prison gerrymandering
Avoiding prison gerrymandering is often a matter of common sense: Texas and Louisiana research update
Importing Constituents: Prisoners and Political Clout in Texas